Who are managers?
A manager is an individual who is in charge of a certain group of tasks, or a certain subset of a company. A manager often has a staff of people who report to him or her. Certain departments within a company address their managers to be line managers, while others are known as staff managers, depending upon the functionality of the department. A manager has a job to do and is required to fulfill it. Not essentially all managers are leaders. Leadership may be seen in terms of creating and inspiring change. The leader does this by inspiring people, giving a sense of vision and providing a good example. Good leaders are made not born. If we have the desire and willpower, we can become an effective leader. Good leaders develop through a never ending process of self-study, education, training, and experience. Managers go through a process by which influencing others to accomplish an objective and directs the organization in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent. We must have an honest understanding of who we are, what we know, and what we can do. It is the followers, not the leader or someone else who determines if the leader is successful. If they do not trust or lack confidence in their leader, then they will be uninspired. To be successful we have to convince our followers, not ourselves or our superiors, that we are worthy of being followed. Management is about organizing human, physical and financial resources in the organization in order to achieve results. If the managers can utilize the available resources appropriately or get the maximum with the least amount of investment and accomplish the results, the managers successfully organized the resources.
What is management?
Management is multidimensional. Management is complex that has three main dimensions: management of work, management of people, and management of operations. All organizations exist for the performance of some work. The function of management is to translate this work and to assign the means to accomplish it. In order to do it, management is about solving the problems, making decisions, establishing plans, preparing the budgets, assigning the tasks and responsibilities and delegating the authority. Human resources are the greatest asset of organizations. How to motivate people to share knowledge and how to promote people’s abilities to acquire knowledge are the major tasks for managers. Management of operations interlinks the management of work with the management of people. Any type of organizations has products or services to provide to customers. This requires a production process which entails the flow of input material, the technology and the desired output. Management also involves a function that coordinates people’s efforts to accomplish the organizations set goals by use of the resources available in an efficient and effective manner. Management also involves functions of which when applied, administration becomes more powerful and successful. Some of the most important functions required during management include planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.