Utilization got a new outlook in the modern

Utilization of E-Resources among the Faculty
Members of Engineering Colleges in Salem and Namakkal Districts, Tamil Nadu
A. Nallathambi and M. Kanakaraj
1Vinayaka Mission’s College of Pharmacy, Vinayaka Missions University, Salem – 636 008, Tamil Nadu, India
2R.V.S. College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore – 641 402, Tamil Nadu, India
E-mail: [email protected]
(Received on 25 August 2012 and accepted on 24 October 2012)
Abstract – This paper discusses the experiences in using
electronic resources, time spent for using ICT based resources,
places of highly accessing electronic resources, search engines
used, satisfaction level of electronic resources, hindrances faced
while accessing electronic resources and benefit of electronic
resources by the faculty members of engineering colleges in
Salem and Namakkal districts. The researcher has chosen
17 engineering colleges from the available 40 colleges, which
are established during the years between 1966 and 2006. The
majority of the respondent in the engineering colleges have used
electronic resources daily.
Keywords: Engineering Colleges, E-Resources, Information and
Communication Technology
I. IntroductIon
Libraries which are considered only as the storehouses of
knowledge have got a new outlook in the modern Information
and Communication Technology (ICT) era. The activities
which have been carried out manually in libraries with so
much of pain and strain are being carried out smoothly with
the help of e-resources with greater effectiveness. Library
organization, administration and other technical processing
have become easier and more quantum of work could be
done in a relaxed mood. ICT generates more results at a given
time.
Wagner Ben 1 provided an overview of the development
of electronic resources over the past three decades, discussing
key features, disadvantages, and benefits of traditional online
databases and CD-ROM and web-based resources. Ying
Zhang 2 studied the impact of Internet – based electronic
resources on formal scholarly communication in the area
of library and information science: A citation analysis. The
Internet based electronic resources (e- resources) are growing
dramatically: however, there have not been empirical studies
evaluating the impact of e-resources, as a whole, on formal
scholarly communication.
A study on e-resources were conducted at various
universities and countries like Gulbarga university, Gulbarga
3, NASSDOC Library 4, Madras university library 5,
Research scholars in Central Food and Technology Research
Institute, Mysore 6, Ashesi University college 7, the
engineering research community in Karnataka 8, medical
science faculty at the universities of West Indies 9, health
sciences center of Kuwait University 10 andTanzania 11.
Esakkimuthu 12 conducted a survey on the effective use of
the library resources, internet and electronic resources by the
users of selected special libraries in Tamil Nadu.
II.
objectIveS of the Study
The followings are the important objectives of the study.
1. To study the experience of e-resources among the
Faculty Members of Engineering Colleges in Salem and
Namakkal Districts;
2. To determine the frequently used e-resources among the
Faculty Members of Engineering Colleges in Salem and
Namakkal Districts;
3. To find out the method used for reading full text
e-resources among the Faculty Members of Engineering
Colleges in Salem and Namakkal Districts;
4. To find out the most preferred format for downloading
articles among the Faculty Members of Engineering
Colleges in Salem and Namakkal Districts;
5. To find out how the library helps the users to access
e-resources among the faculty Members of Engineering
Colleges in Salem and Namakkal Districts;
6. To study the usefulness of e-resources among the
Faculty Members of Engineering Colleges in Salem and
Namakkal Districts.
18IJISS – Vol.2 No.2 July-December 2012

III. Methodology
In order to study the use of Information and Communication
Technology by the Faculty members of Engineering Colleges
in Salem and Namakkal Districts, the researcher has chosen
17 Engineering colleges from the available 40 colleges, which
are established during the years between 1966 and 2006. The
Researcher has adopted stratified random sampling method.
Only 74.85% of the faculty members are included in the
study, owing to lack of responses from the other 25.15% of
the faculty members.
IV.
data analySIS
The collected data were classified and tabulated
according to the objectives and hypothesis stated. For proper
arrangement of the data a master table was prepared by the
researcher and was subjected to the statistical treatments.
The general interpretation of data was made with the help
of percentages. On the basis of obtained score, gender-wise,
college-wise and designation-wise interpretations were
made.
V.
reSultS and dIScuSSIon
An analysis of the nature and type of information required
by the faculty members is an important aspect. It explores
e-resources and their utility to the faculty of engineering
colleges. This study also attempts to assess the faculty
member’s level of motivation in respect of seeking and
collecting various sources of library information with the help of e-resources; The analysis has been made for 1948
respondents, which included 1250 male and 698 female
respondents with regard to gender and 120 professors, 220
Associate Professors and 450 Assistant Professors and 1158
Lecturers with regard to designation from the 17 engineering
colleges. The findings of the present study lead to the
following observations.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

The details of the various types of e-resources used
are presented in table I. It is observed from the table that
480(24.64%) faculty members used E-journals, 170(8.73%)
faculty members used E-books, 388(17.35%) faculty
members used online database, 146(7.49%) faculty members
are used on line thesis, 201(10.32%) faculty members used
online newspapers, 176(9.03%) faculty members used
online magazines, and website information, 144(7.39%)
faculty members are used CD, 47(2.41%) faculty members
are used library catalogue and the remaining 70(3.59%)
faculty members used others. Hence it can be concluded that
480(24.64%) faculty members are used e-journals.
From the total 120 Professors, 25.00% of them used
e-journals and 4.17 % of them used library catalogue.
Among 220 Associate Professors, 19.09% of them used
e-journals and 4.55% of them used library catalogue. Out
of 450 Assistant Professors, 20.44% of them used e-journal
and 1.55% of them used library catalogue. Among the total
number of 1158 Lecturers, 27.29% of them used e-journal
and 2.16% of them used library catalogue. Hence it can be
concluded that 25.00% of the professors and 27.29% of the
Lecturers have used e-journals.
Table I ST a TUS WISe dISTrIbUTIon of reSpondenT’S vIeWS on freQUenTly USed e-reSoUrceS
Table II reveals how the library helps to use e-resources
among the faculty members of 17 engineering colleges in
Salem and Namakkal Districts. The analysis shows that out
of 1948 total respondents, 453(23.25%) respondents opinion
on instruction in use e-resources; 1046(53.70%) respondents
opinion on notification of new resources; 347 (17.81%)
respondents opinion are easier access and 102(5.24%)
respondent selected other factor.
As a result, it was observed that 53.70% of the faculty
member’s opinion are how the library help to use e-resource.
With regard to 120 Professors, 45.00% of them need
notification of new resources and 9.17% of them need other
help from the library. Out of the 220 Associate professors,
57.63% of them need notification of new resources and
10.91% of them need other help from the library. With respect
19IJISS – Vol.2 No.2 July-December 2012
Utilization of E-Resources among the Faculty Members of Engineering Col
leges in Salem and Namakkal Districts, Tamil Nadu

Table II STa TUS-WISe dISTrIbUTIon of reSpondenTS hoW The lIbrary helpS To USe The e-reSoUrceS
Table III STa TUS-WISe dISTrIbUTIon of reSpondenT’S experIence In acceSSIng e-reSoUrceS
to 450 Assistant Professors, 58.44% of them need notification
of new resources and 6.89% of them need other help from the
library to use of e-resources. Among 1158 Lecturers, 51.99%
of them need notification of new resources and 3.11% of
them need other help from the library to use of e-resources.
Table III shows the Status wise distribution of
respondent’s years of experience in using e-resources. Out
of 120 Professor respondents, 111(92.50%) respondents have
been accessing e-resources for more than 2 years, 9(7.50)
respondents have been accessing e-resources for a period
of 2 years. From the 220 Associate Professor respondents,
208(94.55%) respondents have been accessing e-resources for more than 2 years, 12(5.45%) respondents have been
accessing e-resources for a period of 2years.

With regard to 450 Assistant Professor Respondents,
428 (95.11%) respondents have been accessing e-resources
for more than 2 years, 20(4.44%) respondents have been
accessing e-resources for a period of 2 years, and 2 (0.44%)
respondents have been accessing e-resources for a year. From
the total number of 1158 Lecturers, 97.41% of them have
been accessing e-resources for more than 2 years, 1.81% of
them have been accessing e-resources for 2 years, 0.60% of
them have been accessing e-resources for a year and 0.17%
of them have been accessing e-resources less than a year. It
states that, most of the faculty members (96.25%) have been
accessing e-resources for more than 2 years.
(Figures in Parentheses denote Percentage)
In table IV the result of methods used for reading full text
e-resources by the faculty members of engineering colleges
.As the table shows that out of 1948 faculty members,
913(46.87%) respondents have used computer screen for
reading full text, 623(31.98%) respondents have used
printout, 353(18.12%) respondents have used downloading
and 59(3.03%) respondents have used any other method for
reading full text.
Thus, the overall result shows that a considerable number
of respondents were used (46.87%) computer screen for
reading full text. With regard to 120 Professors, 61.66%
of them used computer screen and 5.83% of them used
other methods for reading full text e-resources. Out of
220 Associate Professors, 56.82% of them used computer
screen and 3.18 % of them used other methods. In case of
450 Assistant Professors, 42.22% of them used print out
20IJISS – Vol.2 No.2 July-December 2012
A. Nallathambi and M. Kanakaraj

Table Iv STa TUS-WISe dISTrIbUTIon of reSpondenT’S meThodS USed for readIng fUll TexT e-reSoUrceS
Table v STa TUS-WISe dISTrIbUTIon of reSpondenT’S forma T preferred To doWnload ar TIcleS
and 2.89% of them used other methods for reading full text
e-resources. Among the total number of 1158 Lecturers,
49.31% of them used computer screen and 2.76% of them
used other method for reading full text e-resources.
It states that 61.66 % of the Professors have used
computer screen and 42.22 % of the Assistant Professors
have used print out methods for reading full text e-resources.
Data presented in table V shows the status wise
distribution of respondent’s format preferred to download
articles. Out of 120 Professor Respondents, 61(50.83%)
respondents preferred PDF format for downloading
articles, 15(12.50%) respondents preferred HTML format,
38(31.67%) respondents preferred word format and 6(5.00%)
respondents preferred other format for downloading articles.
Among 150 Associate professor Respondents, 115(52.27%)
respondents preferred PDF format, 30(13.64%) respondents
preferred HTML format, 67(30.45%) respondents preferred
word format and 8(3.64%) respondents preferred other
format for downloading articles. Out of 450 Assistant
professor Respondents, 240(53.33%) respondents preferred
PDF format, 59(13.11%) respondents preferred HTML
format, 140(31.11%) respondents preferred word format and
11(2.44%) respondents preferred other format for downloading articles. With regard to 1158 Lecturers, 710(61.31%)
respondents preferred PDF format, 120(10.36%) respondents
preferred HTML format, 311(26.86%) respondents preferred
word format and 17(1.47%) respondents preferred other
format for downloading articles. It states that most of the
respondents from all the four categories preferred PDF
format for downloading articles.
Table VI shows the Status-wise distribution of
respondents usefulness of ICT based resources and it is clear
that out of 1948 respondents,732(37.58%) respondents felt
that it is very useful, 1177(60.42%) respondents felt that it
is useful, 32(1.64%) respondents felt that it s average and
only 7(0.36%) respondents were feels that not useful. With
regard to 120 Professors, 59.17% of them felt that it is useful
and only 0.83% of them felt that it is not useful. Out of 220
Associate Professors, 62.73% of them felt that it is useful and
0.45% of them felt that it is not useful. With respect to 450
Assistant Professors, 64.89% of them felt that it is useful and
0.44% of them felt that it is not useful. Out of 1158 Lecturers,
58.38% of them felt that it is useful and 0.26% of them felt
that it is not useful. Hence it can be concluded that most of
the faculty members felt that ICT based resources are useful
for their teaching and research work.
(Figures in Parentheses denote Percentage)
(Figures in Parentheses denote Percentage)
21IJISS – Vol.2 No.2 July-December 2012
Utilization of E-Resources among the Faculty Members of Engineering Col
leges in Salem and Namakkal Districts, Tamil Nadu

Table vI ST a TUS WISe dISTrIbUTIon of reSpondenTS regardIng The USefUlneSS of e-reSoUrceS
(Figures in Parentheses denote Percentage)
VI. concluSIon
From this study it is found that majority of the respondent
in the engineering colleges have been accessing e-resources
for more than two years (98.25%) E-journals are used for
fulfilling their information needs. It is found that 46.87%
of the respondents preferred PDF format to download the
articles. It is also found that 23.25% of the respondents
received instruction from the library to use e-resources. The
majority of the respondent’s opined that e-resources are
useful for their teaching and research purpose.
referenceS
1 Ben A Wagner, “Managing Tradeoffs in the Electronic Age”, Journal
of the American Society for Information Science and Technology,
Vol. 54, No.12, pp. 1160-1164, 2003.
2 Ying Zhang, “The Impact of Internet Based Resources on Formal
Scholarly Communication in the Area of Library and Information
Science: A Citation analysis”, Library Trends, Vol. 24, No.4, pp. 241-
254, 1998.
3 D.B. Pratil and S. Parameshwar, “Use Of Electronic Resources by
the Faculty Members and Research Scholars in Gulbarga University,
Gulbarga: A Survey”, SRELS Journal of Information Management,
vol. 46, No.1, pp. 25-30, 2009.
4 Haridasan, Sudharma and Majid Khan, “Impact and Use of E-Resources
by Social scientists in National Social Science Documentation Centre
(NASSDOC) India”, The Electronic Library, Vol. 27, No.1, pp. 117-
133, 2009. 5
N. Ashok Kumar, T. Saravanan and R. Balasubramani, “User Attitude
Measurement towards E-Resources in Madras University Library”,
Library Progress, Vol. 28, No.1, pp. 1-9, 2008.
6 Malinath Kumbar, “Use of Electronic Resource by Research Scholars
in CFTRI, Mysore: A study”, ILA Bulletin, vol. 41, No.3, pp. 16-20,
2005.
7 Dadzie S Perpetua, “Electronic Resources: Access and Usage at
Ashesi University College”, Campus Wide Information Systems, Vol.
22, No.5, pp. 290-297, 2005.
8 M Chandrashekhra and K.R. Mulla, “The Usage Patter of Electronic
Information Resources among the Engineering Research Community
in Karnataka: A Survey”, Pearl: A journal of Library and Information
Science, Vol. 1, No.4, pp. 33-38, 2007.
9 R. Shamin, “Use of Electronic Information Resources by Medical
Science Faculty at the Universities of West Indies”, Journal of the
Medical library Association, Vol. 93, No.1, pp. 21-31, 2008.
10 Sajjad Ur Rehman and Vivian Ramzy, “Awareness and Use of
Electronic Information Resources at The Health Sciences Centre of
Kuwait University”, Library Review, Vol. 53, No.3, pp. 150-156,
2004.
11 Consolata Angello and Evans Wema, “Availability and Usage of Icts
and E-Resources by Livestock Researchers in Tanzania: Challenges
And Ways Forward”, International Journal of Education and
Development using Information and Communication Technology
(IJEDICT), Vol. 6, No.1, 2010.
12 C. Esakkimuthu, “A Critical Study of Information Access Pattern
of Users in Special Libraries in Tamil Nadu”, Indian Journal of
Information Sources and Services, Vol. 2, No.1, pp. 38-45, 2012.
22
IJISS – Vol.2 No.2 July-December 2012
A. Nallathambi and M. Kanakaraj

x

Hi!
I'm Owen!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out