Tragedy consequences of the earthquake, tsunami and

Tragedy
of March 11, 2011 in Japan that combined natural disasters – a powerful
earthquake, and tsunami – with a terrible catastrophe – an accident on the
nuclear power plant “Fukushima-1” has acquired a truly world-wide character and
has inflicted enormous losses on the country’s economy. But in such a difficult
time people of Japan showed admirable solidarity and endurance.

The earthquake occurred on March 11,
2011 at 14:46 on local
time.
However, the number of victims directly from seismic shock was phenomenally
small: no more than 8 percent. The main and most terrible consequence of the
earthquake was the tsunami. It was giant, in some places up to 39 meters high.
A wave became the main cause of death of tens of thousands of people. Tsunami
has also became the root cause of the accident at the nuclear power plant
“Fukushima-1” that caused contamination with radionuclides of a vast territory
of the land and coastal waters.

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The
great East Japan earthquake can be called a “black day” in the
history of the country. At that time, Prime Minister Kan Naoto declared that
the consequences of the earthquake, tsunami and the accident at the Fukushima-1
nuclear power plant were the largest national disaster since the Second World
War1.
Thus, the reconstruction of the country was the greatest challenge that faced
Japan.

The country’s authorities have demonstrated excellent resilience and the
ability to overcome a difficult situation. Local authorities in the affected
prefectures were on top.
Immediately after the earthquake, emergency measures were launched to save
lives of people in the affected areas and eliminate the consequences of the
disaster. They included organization of rescue operations, resettlement of
people to safe areas, cleaning of blockages,
monitoring of the radiation situation around “Fukushima-1”, control over food
and water safety, financial support to the population and enterprises of the
affected areas, assistance to prefectural and municipal authorities in
restoring life support systems, etc. One of the first were restored the railway
lines connecting the Tohoku and Kanto regions and serving the bulk of cargo and
passenger traffic between them. The airport in Sendai was put into operation
again very quickly (by the end of March, 2011). Restorations works of the roads
that ran along the northeastern coast and served as the main communication
channels to the outside world for many small towns and villages were held
almost in a round-the-clock mode.

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