Tourism instead of being used for other

Tourism plays anessential role in a nations’ development.

According to the latest statisticfrom the United Nations World Tourism Organization, tourism has grown fast andaccounted for 10% of global GDP at the beginning of 2017. It could not be deniedthat tourism has affected many aspects of human life. The three main sectorsare discussed in this essay, they are: economic, environmental andsocio-cultural issues and are both positive and negative.

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To begin with, tourismand the economy are always associated. On the one hand, tourism bringstremendous economic benefits. In 2017, the tourism industry increasedgradually, which contributed USD 8.5 trillion to the global nation’sdevelopment, and, this industry also created over 8.5 million jobs(International Monetary Fund, 2017).

Additionally, the government can take themoney from the tourism industry to build better infrastructures. As a result, thousandsof roads and other forms of transportation are built to meet citizen’s demands.On the other hand, tourism development has negative impacts. Job opportunitiesfor locals decrease, especially high quality jobs. According to the lateststatistic in Australia 2017, the number of qualified jobs for local employeeswent down 20% compare with the same period last year (Smith, Valene , William R.,1992 – 2017). Moreover, cost is one of the negativeimpacts that should be discussed. It means some resources are used to meettourism development instead of being used for other purposes that might bebetter for economic development (Cristi, 2017).

In summary, the tourismindustry has important impacts on the economy, both positive and negative.The environment isanother aspect of human life that tourism impacts. First of all, tourism bringsmany benefits. Raising awareness of environmental issues for people isextremely vital, which is the way to bring core values as well as theimportance of environment protection for tourists. This leads to use some resources,such as water, air, soil and power energy should be conserved to reduce theenvironmental issues from happening. Additionally, the conservation of localheritage is impacted by tourism. According to statistics in 2016, there were 8historical places in Vietnam, which are discovered by tourism and given intothe World’s Conservative Book (“Properties inscribed on the World Heritagelist”, 2016).

By contrast, the overuse of natural resources is getting moreserious. This leads to environmental pollution problems, including: water,noise, air, soil and light. Also, a large number of wild animals are dying out.This number increased from 7% in the last 2015 to 10% in 2016 (Animal Planet,2016). As a result, the imbalanced ecosystem is getting worse throughout 12years, from 1995 to 2017 and becoming a considerable issue which people have toface.

To sum up, tourism and the environment have a mutual interaction, therate of polluted environments depends on the number of visitors who come aswell as how resources are managed.It is generallybelieved that socio-cultural issues are also an important aspect which isimpacted by tourism. Firstly, whilst the tourism industry is expanding, thechances to learn other languages are going up in modern life. There are 70%bilinguals in almost developed countries. This number in developing countriesis 50% (World’s report, 2017). Moreover, the incomes as well as livingstandard, namely transport, telecommunication, health services and socialservices, continues to rapidly increase.

However, the negative socio-culturalissues appear along with positive influences. Discrimination often happens inschools, public means of transportation, families or even in workplaces. Insome Asian countries, job refusal and exclusion or isolation are occurring.(Simon, Herbert 1957). The locals are refused and not being paid the same wagesas foreign employees with the same experiences. In addition, the local peoplemight imitate the lifestyles of tourist, who come from foreign countries,thereby losing the traditional values, culture or even cuisine. It can be seenthat in some developing countries, especially Asian area, the younggeneration’s fashion trend to be modernized and traditional beauty which shouldbe preserved is lost.

In short, there is a close connection between tourism andsocieties culture.In conclusion, thetourism industry has many positive and negative impacts on human life. Thoseissues are discussed in three sectors about environment, economy andsocio-culture. In order to maintain the sustainability of tourism, it isdefinitely necessary to have some effective solutions that could reduce itsnegative impacts. 


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