Tiger poachers which has also contributed to the

        Tiger is aniconic species and tiger conservation has become a topic of interest and issueall over the world. Their dwindling numbers have triggered the Government  authorities to take action and come up withsteps to ensure they do not meet the fate of the numerous other flora and faunawhich have been wiped of the face of this planet.

There has been an alarmingly drastic fall in the number oftigers since the turn of the 20th century. This free fall in thetiger population can be attributed to numerous causes. Lack of healthmanagement of wildlife is one of the prime causes in the dwindling population .Diseases like ‘Feline Panleucopania'(highly contagious and can be fatal), tuberculosis,sarcosystis,etc. have led to the decimation of many animals including tigers. recentstudies by various conservation societies have attributed diseases like ‘caninedistemper virus’ as a potential driver in pushing the tigers towards extinction.lack of research in this aspect and its impact on tiger population have neverbeen studied which is likely to lead to more loss of tigers.

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Studies regarding Loss of habitat and prey depletion haverevealed that it is one of the major causes of pushing tigers towardsextinction. A tiger needs to eat about 50 deer sized animals or 6600 pounds ofliving prey every year . but due to prey depletion, tiger population hasdecreased.

Interpol has valued illegal wildlife trade at $32 billion in2011. Studies reveal tigers were killed for mere Rs. 5000  and sold in the international market forhefty sum of $50000 by smugglers. Studies by various wildlife units reveal thatthe areas in the fringes of the park are easy target for poachers which hasalso contributed to the falling tiger numbers.

Traditional remedies and folkremedies are one of the reasons for poaching and illegal trade of tigers.The tiger being at the top of the food chain, endangermentof it can lead to disruption in the food chain.  This disruption has far reaching and longlasting effects on biodiversity which impacts local communities, habitats andother species which are a part of the same ecosystem. Tiger extinction causesan imbalance in the food chain as it leads to increase in the herbivore populationthus affecting the flora.

Tigers are a main source of attraction for tourism,so their dwindling numbers will affect the revenue from tourism. There are manyspecies which will be affected by the extinction of tigers and theses speciesare already struggling for their survival.The tiger is a famous species, and tiger protection is engagedwith endaevours to keep the creature from getting noticeably wiped out andsafeguarding its common natural surroundings.  Project Tiger is a tiger preservation program launched in 1973by the Government of India amid Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s tenure.

The projectaims at guaranteeing a reasonable populace of Bengal tigers in their naturalenvironment and furthermore shield them from elimination, and safeguardingterritories of organic significance over the tiger’s dispersion in the nation. Theproject’s task force envisioned these tiger reserves as rearing cores, fromwhich surplus creatures would relocate to neighbouring woods.The NationalTiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is a statutory body of the Ministry, withan all-encompassing supervisory/coordination role, performing capacities asgave in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) principles areas follows:Ø Providingstatutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directivesbecome legal. Ø Fosteringaccountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves, by providing abasis for MoU with States within our federal structure. Ø Providingfor an oversight by Parliament.

 Ø Addressinglivelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.


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