Through her Bildungsroman narrative To Kill A Mockingbird, Harper Lee constructs the town of Maycomb, and the purposeful characterisation of its inhabitants, to symbolically expose how injustice leads to the marginalisation and segregation of those being ostracised. Throughout the novel, Lee emphasises and develops the theme of injustice demonstrating the impacts of racial prejudice and hypocrisy.
Lee explores the ongoing struggle of racial discrimination that exists throughout the town leading to the segregation and injustice of the black community as a result of the xenophobic attitudes of the white people in Maycomb.
Lee satirically represents Aunt Alexandra and her missionary society associates to metonymically illustrate the hypocrisy and prejudice of the white members of Maycomb ultimately leading to the marginalisation of the black community in the town. Lee satirises Aunt Alexandra allowing the audience to familiarise themselves with the hypocrisy of her ‘Christian values’. During chapter 24, Mrs Merriweather, one of the missionary ladies, expresses the plight of Indigenous people in Africa during the same time of complaining about how moody Maycomb’s blacks are. “Gertrude, I tell you there’s nothing more distracting than a sulky black”.