There are many factors that contribute to your personalities. One way is through heredity and genetics. Your genetics account for fifty percent of who you are. Genes may influence the growth of certain brain areas which influence behavior. Also, genetics is account for a good proportion of your risk of having a mental disorder. Another way your personality is formed is through your parents. Although a parent’s personality can influence a child’s personality both genetically and personally, the shared environment of the home doesn’t have much influence on the personality. The environment the child is raised in along with inherited traits from the parents or siblings are the learned behaviors of the child. The child learns from interaction with the parents and the siblings. This forms the child’s pattern of behavior throughout life, while also considering the level of discipline from the parents and other adult authority figures. Culture is another one of the major foundations in building your personality. You can be free or tied down because of your culture. It influences how they are allowed to be expressed and how they are perceived. For example, in many cultures, especially in Asia, women don’t have as much rights then the men do. These rules can influence your thoughts and personality because of the restriction through the culture and beliefs in their society. Lastly an important factor for personality development is through peers. The peers you hang out has a huge influence on the way you behave and feel about something for example if your friends who do nothing but study hard and get great grades and want to accomplish something in life, then that’s going to encourage you to do the same. On the other hand, if you hang out with individuals that do nothing but drink, do drugs and spend all their time hanging out and getting in trouble, then you can end up doing the same things as they do
2. The basic idea of Freudian psychoanalysis is that there is a “subconscious” part of people’s minds which has a profound effect on their feelings and actions. The function of the psychoanalyst was to interpret the dreams and expressed ideas of the patient in order to allow the patient to know and deal with their subconscious thoughts, and thereby relieve the distress and heal the psychosomatic illness of the patient. There are three main parts to Freud’s theory, the structure of the personality, the stages of development and his description of mental life. There were both pros and cons to this, for example, one pro is this theory has been able to explain aspects of the human personality. it allowed for a new perspective on mental illness, allowing people to find solutions to their behavior. A con would be that it wasn’t much research done and many of the findings were lacking and not supporting on the research.
3. The Humanistic theory states that people have free-will, potential and a sense of self-worth which in combination makes them to pursue life fulfilling tasks focusing on a self-concept. A con to this is that this creates frustration amongst people. You have try and figure out the problem yourself and many times people will not be provided with explanations for their problems right away. However, a pro to this is that instead of focusing on the unconscious behavior, the attention is to the individual or entire person resulting in focusing in the individual person and allowing awareness and acceptance of themselves.