The (Huxley 6). The hatcheries teach the ideology

The World State uses brainwashing manipulation to warp the minds of its citizens. Twisted morality and constant sexual gratification keep the inhabitants from rebelling while creating a society the controllers consider ideal perfection. The World State’s cloning process implements its guiding motto- ‘Community, Identity, Stability.’ The artificial process aims to make individuals accept and enjoy their ‘inescapable social identity’ (Huxley 6). This stabilizes the overall caste system and gives everyone their own place in the process. This world of social perfection does not emulate a utopia, in fact, it depicts the opposite- a dystopia of dehumanized people dominated by an overpowered government. Even though the citizens of the World State are a product of the hatcheries, they still have their own individual characteristics that make them unique; but they choose not to use them because of the stable, controlled lives they already have.
One of the ten world controllers, Mustapha Mond, possesses the most power and intelligence in the World State. Huxley describes Mond as a contradictory character from the beginning. He reads Shakespeare and the Bible and was a former independent minded scientist. Unlike his past, Mond now censors new ideas and controls the totalitarian state based on values which he did not originally align with. Mond believes humankind’s ultimate goal to be stability and happiness as opposed to emotions, human relations, and individual expression (Huxley 6). The hatcheries teach the ideology of Mond and other controllers of the ‘corrupt’ ways of the past such as believing erotic play by children was once considered ‘immoral’ (Huxley 34). The students gasp in disbelief because they have been raised knowing nothing else.
Unwavering commitment to World State values and strong understanding of history gives Mond a strong foundation to rule. This mixed with the taught ignorance of others makes him unstoppable (Huxley 37). His power is derived from denial of knowledge and forced ignorance on the people to keep them in line.
Lenina Crowne, seen as an object of desire for multiple characters, displays a perfect example of a citizen whose unorthodox behavior was not used to its fullest potential. Lenina defies traditional culture by dating one man exclusively for several months. During this period, her friends warn her of the danger of not intermingling with other men. She is also attracted to a fellow character, Bernard, and later develops a violent passion for John the Savage. Although Lenina is unconventional in her relations, she still conforms by only being able to relate to others through sexual relations. Because of this, Lenina fails to comprehend John’s alternative system of morals.
The only main character to grow up outside of the World State, John ‘the Savage,’ faces difficulty understanding the ways of the new world. Spending most of his life on the New Mexico Savage Reservation, John remains an outsider in the World State just as he was on the Reservation. Even though he holds the title of the ‘ultimate outsider,’ John formulates his values from knowledge of Shakespeare. His well rounded mind allows him to verbalize his emotions. He also has the ability to form standards and criticize the World State unlike most who grew up there. Disadvantageously, knowledge blinds John from understanding other character’s morals and standards. Because of the stresses around him, John’s participation in the final orgy and his suicide resulted from insanity- the conflict between his values and the reality of the world around him.
Bernard Marx, a critic of the World State, experience challenges to his ethics throughout the novel. Originally an outcast, Marx does not believe in the immoral actions of his fellow inhabitants. After a visit to the Indian Reservation, Marx returns with John the Savage; this gains Marx vast popularity and causes him the sway in his ethics. He uses his new found popularity to participate in all aspects of World State society that he previously criticized, including promiscuous sex. His actions prove him to be a critic whose deepest desire is to become what he criticizes. Even while engaging in such horrific acts, Marx continues to criticize while reveling in the World State’s pleasantries.
As a role model to Marx, Helmholtz Watson has strong, attractive, and intelligent characteristics. Unlike Marx, who dislikes the state because he is too weak for his caste, Watson dislikes the state because he is too strong. He knows he is capable of so much more yet hesitates to pursue what he wants (Huxley 72). Watson can see and feel how the shallow culture in which he lives is ruining him. Although Marx and Watson criticize the World which they live, there is still a large cultural gap between the two of them. Watson laughs at the mention of mothers, fathers, and marriage while Marx disagrees with almost everything the World State stands for. Watson’s views show that even the most intelligent people are defined by the culture which they have been raised.
The term ‘Brave New World’ takes on an ironic, pessimistic tone as the novel progresses. The citizens may question some of the standards now, but they still choose to conform because of the sustained peace in the society. They have been brainwashed to the point of no return.


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