the used a 1km x 1km grid to

the primary cause of China’s emission growth and developingcounties are responsible for over half of the growth in Chinese exported carbonemissions from 2002 and 2005. In addition to these papers Peters et al (2007)also looked into Chinas increasing CO2 data but in relation toconsumption and efficiency.

Chinas rapid growth has seen energy consumption toalso greatly increase due to populations increases but also a demand onindustrial equipment and output. This causes serious consequences onenvironmental factors both on a local and global scale. Understanding the keydrivers behind Chinas growing energy consumption and CO2 emissionsis critical for identifying global climatic policies and provides insight intohow other emerging economies may develop a low emissions future. Chinas technology,economic structure, urbanisation and lifestyle affects CO2emissions. We find that infrastructure construction and urban householdconsumption are drivers of CO2 emissions but both are influenced byurbanisation.

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As China continually develops there is a chance to implementpolicies but this requires further data collection in order to understandcompletely. Recent studies carried out by Pan et al (2017), this research focused on a grid basedapproach in Shanghai, where they used a 1km x 1km grid to show Shanghai energyconsumption and carbon emissions. They located all energy consumption andassociated CO2 emissions by energy type, usage type and facility.Finally, they used a spatial grid to represent the energy in consumption and CO­2emissions.

The research showed that CO2 emissions in Shanghai arehighly spatially correlated with energy types and volumes of consumption. Coalfired power stations, steel works accounted for a clear majority of theemissions produced. Energy related CO2 emissions in the industry sector accountfor 63.5% of the total emissions, in comparison to only 3.36% produced by theresidential sector. They chose Shanghai for 4 major reasons.

The first reasonis that shanghai accommodates 24.26 million people (2005) and therefore cangather a reasonable representativeness. Secondly Shanghai energy statisticsdata are deemed to have better continuity, accuracy and transparency, thisprovides a higher data quality and therefore providing accurate and reliabledata. Third, Shanghai intends to build into a global city and specifically putforwards its goals for a carbon emissions control in Shanghai City master plan(2016-2040) (Shanghai Master Plan, 2015). Lastly China is starting to developspace-air-ground integrative monitoring systems for CO2 emissiondata and concentrations.

This paper highlighted key aspects to what thisresearch article could look at. The paper shows an in-depth analysis to thecentre of shanghai and the CO2 emissions however a key theme foundthroughout all the papers there is no consideration to what the distributionsare like from the centre to the outer edge. Therefore, not indicating whetherthere’s a spatial distribution throughout the prefect. This could be a key areato study as this could answer some important aspects through emission transportand how weather could affect CO2 concentrations.

Wang et al 2015, PM2.5 in shanghai. PM2.

5 pollution withinShanghai has seen significant rises in the past few years Wang et al (2015)studied the production of PM2.5 for a period of 3 years between 2011 and 2013.Shanghai is the largest megacity and has experienced episodes of increased hazeepisodes resulting in low visibility since 1900 with the rapid urbanisation andindustrialisation (Chang et al 2009). The study highlighted the necessity topay more attention to the secondary pollutions. The reduction of precursor gasesemission was essential to mediate to severe PM 2.5 pollution in Shanghaimegacity. According to the clean air implementation plan of shanghai PM 2.

5should have decreased by 20% in 2017. As a result, this information shows theneed to consider the modern changes of PM 2.5. As its interesting to see therelationship and indications if anything has been done since then. Since theindustrial revolution of Shanghai in mid-1990’s resulted in an increase inconsumption and industrial development. However, this article states thatShanghai has forbidden biomass burning to prevent PM2.

5 being released into theatmosphere. Further research is required to look at the PM2.5 in the centre ofShanghai in 2017. The conclusions of this study stress the need to controlsecondary PM2.

5 pollution is urgent and it is essential for the substantialimprovement of the air quality in Shanghai. NO2 also is an importantindicator as it is an indicator of diesel vehicles. Additionally, would give anidea to what extent the area is dominated by diesel vehicles. 

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