The roaring twenties, a time for advancements and new technology. After World War 1, there had been and economic boom in the nation where most people just wanted to live their lives. Big cities such as New York and Chicago were viewed as ‘sinful’ because of the way people were living after the war.
Drinking, partying, and having fun was all part of this phenomenon. Everyone was finally getting a hiatus from the poor living and traumatic incidents that came about from the war, and it was time for a fresh start. Rural areas like Tennessee started to turn towards religion in a heavy way. Fundamentalism, strict interpretation of the Bible, started to shine through in people because they were not happy with the ‘sinful’ lives everyone was living. With this in mind, in 1925, Tennessee passed the ‘Butler Act’.
This Act states that “It shall be unlawful for any teacher to teach any theory that denies the story of the Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of animals”. John Scopes, a high school biology teacher in Tennessee