The Policy Vol. 68 researchers concluded that “macroeconomic policies

The result of tourism in Hawaii has lead to resorts and buildings be built to please the demand of the tourists visiting Hawaii, to do all this though there is a significant increase in energy usage. There is usage of energy to build these resorts, to sustain the needs of the people staying in the resorts, and to keep the attractions and markets efficient for the tourists. The list goes on clearly showing how tourism will be the cause of more and more fossil fuels being burned to bring in more energy to please these tourists. In The Annals of Tourism Research Vol. 24 it is concluded that, “the main finding of the study is that tourists account for a significant share (averaging 60%) of total energy and fuel use in Hawaii.” These foreigners use energy and fuel with a different intensity compared to that of the native people of Hawaii which will lead to an increase in demand for energy in Hawaii. However, there are positive aspects that are as a result of tourist increasing in Hawaii in regards to energy usage.  Energy usage and tourism leads to economic growth, people with money tend to go to a specific country more due to the fact that someone they may know has traveled there before. Getting tourism to begin in a country is difficult but from word of mouth and free publication of the beauties of their country will in turn leading to an increase in tourist going to that specific country, in this case specifically being Hawaii. Further found in the scientific journal Energy Policy Vol. 68 researchers concluded that “macroeconomic policies to promote expansion in tourism and energy consumption will directly stimulate economic growth.” It can be concluded that tourism has its pros and cons in regards to energy usage and its outcome on the economy. There will be an increased demand for energy which leads to more fossil fuels being burned, which leads to the emission of greenhouse gases, leading to pollution in the atmosphere as a result of increased tourism. It is also important to consider the fact that an increased movement for resorts may lead to energy usage, but that can lead economic growth and decrease other issues within the state in regards to wealth. Deforestation of land occurs constantly as a result of the increasing number of tourists to the tourist hotspot Hawaii. The environment is one aspect that gets neglected as the hunger for greed of our nation shadows the effects globalization and tourism play on the environment. There is deforestation of the environment and loss of home and habitat of natives due to the increasing demand for tourism.  Resort owners know the market is big and capitalize on their opportunity they find land that will minimize their cost, most of the time being native land.  With growing development many ancient burial grounds have been destroyed to make way for these resorts. All of this modernization requires a power source, which requires new facilities to be put in place for support. Implying that to sustain such development will lead to the pollution of Hawaiian forests and ocean habitats as a result. The people affected most by these environmental changes are the native people of Hawaii who have close ties to the environment being both the land and the sea. As natural habitats are destroyed, fish and other food sources disappear as a direct result of the tourism environmental costs. As Hawaii has become one of the bigger and more sought out tourist spots, this has led to the state having to keep up with the increased demand to keep up with rising competition. While the economical benefit is there as a result of tourism, this does not outweigh the negative connotation that comes with tourism in regards to the environment. The cost of wanting to go visit would go up for these tourists, as well as the increase in deforestation and pollution due to more and more resorts being built to satisfy tourists. As seen in Annals of Tourism Research Vol. 14 the impact of environment is seen in all tourist heavy locations, “The study results suggest that residents living in areas with more mature tourist industry are more aware of both positive and negative environmental impacts.” The natives are the ones who are constantly affected by the result of tourism, specifically environmentally where they can be forced to abandon their homes as well as increases in pollution and destruction of forests and oceans. Tourism also brings with it another impact that goes in hand with the environment and is also a result of increased resorts being built, agriculture. As the environment keeps getting harmed due to tourism, agriculture takes an unique twist for its own. If the environment is being destroyed and pollution is plentiful one can only imagine the obstacles farmers have to face when trying to feed their loved ones. Agriculture is a big aspect to any states wealth, and Hawaii is one that is dependant on agriculture as well. As deforestation continues, more and more farmland is destroyed, leading to an increase in hunger for the natives. However, increased tourism has helped further develop and advance the agricultural sector of Hawaii. There have been zoning legislations passed in order to ensure that farmland stays and is not destroyed due to tourist demand. Zoning legislations have helped lessen the impact, whereas if there was no regulation set, the entire state could be devoted to resorts and other tourist needs. In Annals of Tourism Research Vol. 22, “In addition to zoning regulations, Hawaii has encouraged agriculture by developing agricultural parks to offer long-term leases to agricultural producers at affordable rates. The production of traditional crops in Hawaii declined as tourism increased, but the diversified agricultural sector in Hawaii has exhibited strong growth.” Even though the state has gone away from the production of their traditional crops, there is still a positive outcome from all the tourism which has lead to an extreme growth within the agriculture sector of the state. While tourism may increase costs of agricultural production and decrease farmland, landowners bene?t from increased resource values, and an improved infrastructure as a direct result of tourism and its impact on agriculture. It is seen that tourism plays a role in all four aspects as mentioned as the blend together as an overall impact from tourism: the environment, economy, agriculture, and energy usage. The impact of tourism in regards to culture is one that can never be undone. As seen with all the other factors: the environment, energy, the economy, and agriculture there is a positive and negative aspect to each of these sub topics. Culture is one that follows this pattern as well, there will always be a loss in culture once natives are exposed to tourism. The tourist are not accustomed and used to what the natives have been doing for years. This was extremely hard for those who faced this once tourism first began in Hawaii. Tourist would be unaware of their actions pretending that they were at home and lived their lives, but yet did they seem to notice or care for the native people living nearby. However, there are positives that come from tourism in regards to culture, especially social interaction amongst natives and tourists. They interact with the tourists, mixing with people from diverse backgrounds creating a well balanced society. Due to the demand for better services, employment opportunities are created and therefore people do not feel the need to migrate to other cities to make an income due to tourism impacts. Another issue that may arise is overcrowdedness, the state will not have the necessary resources to sustain natives and extra tourists. This  in turn leads to a decrease in sanitation which may lead to potential diseases to both tourists and natives. The local people may copy the lifestyles of tourists through the experience of interaction with them which may result in the loss of native customs and traditions. Therefore, the cultural aspect of tourism is seen as a pro and con situation as well where the tourists may be exposed to threats such as illness or potential robbery and the natives are exposed to growth, knowledge, and adaptation of certain western practices as a result of tourism. As seen in the video from class, Hawaii’s Last Queen  it was seen during the reign of the queen that she was thrown into a situation of a revolution while the majority of the people did not know what was happening. As the United States came into Honolulu seizing around the palace of the queen, the natives expected it to be a normal shake up and that everything would be okay after a few days. This was not the case, she was eventually forced to surrender to the American troops. The Americans were the ones who brought Christianity to the kingdom first. As seen through tourism how new ideologies can be learned and applied through the ways of communication that takes place through tourism. The U.S. bringing with them their religious practices which in turn led to an increase in Hawaii is seen as a direct result of tourism. This directly correlates to the impact tourists have in present day Hawaii where the natives learn from social interactions with tourists, whether it being a specific cultural trait or as simple as a learning a new word. The impact of tourism is ever changing, good or bad, the world would not be where it is today as far as development and globalization if it were not for tourism. The impact that tourism has made on a global scale is remarkable, specifically in this case of the state of Hawaii. Natives were not accustomed to resorts being built in their nearby towns, even though deforestation of land occurred and the fact that some natives were forced to move, the impact that tourism has made overall is one that is beneficial. The economy is one main beneficiary from tourism, having tourist come to their nation brings in more wealth and increases the infrastructure in turn leading to more money within the state as a whole. In regards to energy usage, while there is a trade off for the new resorts and the amount of energy needed to sustain these resorts it is seen that in regards to energy Hawaii is now a state that relies on tourism where there is an increase in economic growth as a result of increased resorts. The environment takes the biggest blow where air and sea pollution makes the natives lives even harder, the trade off is that there is substantial growth in the agricultural sector and zoning regulations limit the area of farmland that can be defrosted. Overall, tourism is what makes our world so well globally connected and unified as a whole, if it had not been for tourism who would know how many different ethnicities and cultures their are globally. 

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