The of our people. Nevertheless, we strongly support the

The Republic of Ghana fully realizes the global trend of LGBTQ right which initially started the conception from France since 17 century as the first country to decriminalize homosexuality and this principle of desired gender equality had been spread worldwide and highlighted in international community until nowadays. However, even though the issue of LGBTQ has many times become an agenda in global community, in reality, many LGBTQ individuals still facing the persecution every day and the receive a severe threat to mental and physical health which unavoidably led them to become an asylum seeker, seeking for an opportunity for the safe atmosphere and better life’s environment. And despite the number of LGBTQ asylum seeker is rising sharply each year, the procedure and substantive rule still problematic in international relations since it did not state clearly in international law and leave a huge space of discretion, for instance, in the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees which only states on the right of asylum for particular social group but did not specifically mentioned on the sexual orientation. Therefore, Ghana encourages the committee to enhance the international law for the more effective and comprehensive in term of asylum for LGBTQ individuals fleeing persecution.         As the country which has a strong cooperation with the UNHCR and other United Nations’ function for a long term, Ghana prioritized the right of asylum and the refugee’s human right as one of the signatories of the 1951 Convention relating to the status of Refugees and the 1967 protocol by provided the freedom of movement, the right to work and opportunities for the refugee to reach the legal framework. However, according to the Ghanaian socio-cultural framework which directly forms by the majority of our people, Ghana is unable to accept the LGBTQ asylum seeker since it will against the valuable custom of our people. Nevertheless, we strongly support the cooperation with the United Nations, especially the UNHCR, for enhancing the human right and provide equality to all global citizens particularly to Ghanaian based on race and gender, as it states in section 12(2) of Chapter 5 of the Constitution of Ghana, “Every person in Ghana, whatever his race, place of origin, political opinion, color, religion, creed or gender shall be entitled to the fundamental human rights and freedoms of the individual”1. Additionally, Ghana was elected to present as the member of the Human Rights Council from 2014-20172 and had been firmly promoting and protecting the human right to all over the world and the continent, we strongly oppose the act of persecution on whether race or sexuality which consider restricted to the individual human right and we also against any act of discrimination on grounds of gender, race or any of unequal treatment as it has clear provisions in the Ghanaian constitution article 35 which prohibits discrimination on the basis of gender equality. Also, the individuals fully have a right to file to the case on the basis of any kind of discrimination or persecution to the Supreme Court of Ghana, also to the Commission for Human Rights and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ)3 which specifically work on the ground of the discrimination.         As one of the safe country of origin granted by the European Commission, the Republic of Ghana facilitates the relocation within the country of any citizens who feel threatened by the social persecution on the ground of gender equality for the safer environment and the ensuring of human right. In particular, on the issue of asylum for the LGBTQ across the border, Ghana will guarantee the safe passage during the transit of individuals who are fleeing persecution in another country and will ensure all the states’ department involved with the process to adopt the international law on the right of asylum rigorously. As well, the Republic of Ghana encourage the committee to enhance the international law and international agreement which relating to the status of refugees especially on the issue of LGBTQ asylum and sexual orientation to be more specific and more comprehensive concerned with the procedure and emphasized the clear legal standards of what is sufficient persecution of the LGBTQ community for the more effective of international law.


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