The life of a woman in Iran is governed by the norms of Sharia, as well as the institution of family and marriage. Islamic marriage in Iran is called nikah. The age of marriage is set for women – 13 years, men – 15 years. Until 2002, the minimum age for marriage was 9 years for women and 14 years for men.
The Islamic clergy have always actively encouraged marriage as soon as possible at an earlier age, since, according to Muslim beliefs, this prevents sexual life outside of marriage, for which, according to the laws of Iran, severe punishments are provided, including the death penalty. A man and woman who marry must practice the same religion. However, this restriction does not apply to temporary marriage. In Iran, there are two types of marriage: permanent and temporary. Temporary marriage is usually for a certain period, but may be indefinite. The form of a temporary marriage allows an Iranian man to take several wives (maximum four) without special red tape, but with the condition that the man is able to contain them.
A woman in Iran can only enter into one temporary marriage in Iranian woman1. Temporary marriage can also be formalized with a non-Muslim, but to conclude a permanent marriage, a woman is obliged to convert to Islam (by the way, conversion from Islam to another religion is prohibited in Iran, therefore a Muslim or a Muslim cannot accept the religion of a spouse or spouse if they belong to another religion). Often, Iranian men make out the temporary wives of their mistresses, since sex outside marriage is strictly prohibited in Iran. Children born in a temporary, as well as in a permanent marriage, in the event of a divorce remain with their father, a woman in Iran has no rights to children.
In Iran, polygamy is more prevalent in Sunni than in Shiite. A man can take a new wife only with the consent of the first wife. If she does not agree, the man can marry again only by proving that his first wife in something (household, intimate relationships, children) does not suit him. Although at the government level, ideas about adopting such a law have long been heard that would have obliged a woman in Iran to unconditionally accept her husband’s decision on secondary and subsequent marriages. Iranian woman8Girls marry fathers or official guardians. Forcing a girl to marry is forbidden, she should marry only of her own free will. If the marriage is concluded against her consent, the young woman has the right to demand its annulment. Islamic marriage in Iran is a serious obligation and is based on a civil contract that must be signed by the entering parties in the presence of two witnesses.
Before marriage, a woman in Iran receives a marriage gift (maternity gift), in accordance with the economic and social standards of her family. Premarital gift becomes the property of his wife, serves as a guarantee of its economic security.???