The Harappan settlement at the modern village of Knamer in rapar taluka in Kachchh district of Gujarat

The Harappan settlement at the modern village of Knamer in rapar taluka in Kachchh district of Gujarat, regionally referred to as Bakar Kot, was discovered by R.S. Bisht and his colleagues. according to the native legend, Kanmer was the capital of Bakarshah, a Medieval King after whom the site is named, and also the suffix kot in the native language invariably denotes a fortified settlement. There are the remains of a medieval fort right on the peak of this mound, besides Brahmanic temples and a habitation deposit at the foothill in the village. It provides a commanding view. The scatter of medieval pottery on the ancient mound and in the village along side the medieval fort indicate that there could have been a very huge settlement during the Medieval phase.

it is situated about one kilometre off the national highway number 15. the ancient shore of the little Rann is found hardly 1.5 km to the east of the ancient mound. Aludararo Vokro, a seasonal nala, originating in a hillock placed hardly two km west and north – west of the site, drains the area round the ancient site and falls into the small Rann. The settlement is barely one km away from the small Rann of Kachchh. The landscape is characterised by Jurassic piedmont with a variety of sedimentary rock, sandy plains and immense tracts of naked tidal mud flats. The annual precipitation doesn’t exceed over 300 mm in this region and the monsoon showers are received between june and August. The vegetation accessible here is characterised by the tropical thorny forest. azadirachta indica (neem), Piloo or Zar tree, Calotropis sp., Acacia sp., Tamarindas sp., mangifera sp. And ricinus communis are a few of the common plants of Kachchh. a variety of grasses that grow after the first showers of monsoon support the livestock.

the site at Kanmer, though small in size is quite high and rises from a horizontal plane up to a height of about eight meters. the mainmound is measured 115×105. To the east of it had been found a flimsy deposit extending up to a length of about 50 m. the main mound, being quite high and roughly square on top looking sort of a tiny plateau, is visible from a substantial distance. Our close examination disclosed that barring the coners and slopes, the mound was for the most part intact for systematic excavation.