The inner space and double rings. The larger

The Hakka being who they were with their successes and troubles were not a loved tribe by the native as they differed in their practices ,beliefs and as their name points to/shows they were seen in a negative connation the outsiders.
The round circular homes or “Earth Houses” of the Hakka, the homes of the Hakkas, were built with the first aim of keeping the people together and secondly fighting off attacks from the other (groups of people related by culture, race, religion, etc.) among whom they had settled.
The (distance or line from the outer edge ,through the centre, to the other edge) of a small roundhouse was about 50m and could change something It accommodated around 40 families. The smaller round houses had two or three storeys built in a single ring. The medium-sized houses had three or four storeys with a larger inner space and double rings. The larger ones were built in three (all with the same center) rings.
A larger sized roundhouse had distances or lines from one edge till about 80m which could hold a “village” of some 700 to 800 people.
Traditional Hakka houses were also built in square and “Five-Phoenix” shapes. A “Five-Phoenix” building, also known as a “Curling (imaginary, huge, fire-breathing animal) House”, was an older type of earth structure, popular in the early Hakka (traveling far distances all the time) period and could be found in southern Jiangxi and eastern Guangdong.
The “Curling (imaginary, huge, fire-breathing animal)” buildings were the most like Hakka traditional zhongyuan (Central China) culture as they were built according to the (related to kings, queens, emperors, etc.) court pattern.
When the first Hakkas came to Fujian and Guangdong areas of a country, they could afford the beautiful “Five-Phoenix” houses, modelled on the style of housing in the (related to kings, queens, emperors, etc.) court. The houses were built on the same axis and contained/made up two or three buildings and a gate.
The Hakkas slowly lost their connection and relationship with the (related to kings, queens, emperors, etc.) court and had to fight against the local people on equal terms. They no longer had the support of the (related to kings, queens, emperors, etc.) court because it was hard for the (related to kings, queens, emperors, etc.) power to reach the remote areas where they lived.
Without (related to kings, queens, emperors, etc.) protection the Hakkas came under attack from the local population. This led to the construction of the (related to actions that protect against attack) round houses, which changed (and got better) from the square buildings and the “Five-Phoenix” structures.
The rings of round houses, built around the same central point, spread like ripples through the green mountain areas of East and South China. A (related to a person’s relatives going way back for many years) hall was located in the centre of a round house and was thought of as a holy place in the building.
The wall of a round house was usually 1 metre thick at the base, thinning towards the roof.
“The design of the walls saved on the materials and secured/made sure of that the buildings could survive storms and earthquakes,” said Zhong Fulan, a professor at East China (usual/ commonly and regular/ healthy) University.
A typical room was about 10 to 13 square metres and each family had three rooms. The families in the round houses often had the same blood relationship. As there was only one main stairway in each building and the rooms were connected, privacy was hard to maintain.
Another expert on earth buildings, Sun Xiaoning, said that the round houses were easy to defend, saved space and the round design secured/made sure of enough light. (, 2014)
The circle shape had a symbolism as its shape through its architecture conveyed the emotion of togetherness and gathering together within China.
The buildings showed that the Hakka people liked to live together in tight communities. As a minority group among the local population, it was necessary for them to co-operate with one another to survive attacks both (with the Army, Navy, etc.) and cultural from the local people.
Each Earth Building had only one entrance and became a strong (huge, fancy, stone house) once the gate was shut and guarded by a few people.
The Hakkas stored their food and raised pigs and chickens in the buildings. They dug wells and built complicated drainage systems in their buildings and could survive for long periods when cut off from the world outside.
Each building, in fact, was like a well-run village in which the Han culture was preserved and passed on.
In southwestern Fujian and in northern Guangdong, Hakka built circular or rectangular, multistoried, (large, very secure place)like houses, designed for (related to actions that protect against attack) purposes. These Hakka “roundhouses” were built three or four stories high, with walls nearly a meter thick, made of clay or tamped earth strengthened with lime. The structures change/differ in size; the largest, looking like a walled village, measures over 50 meters in (distance or line from one edge of something, through its center, to the other edge). Although the Hakka maintain the reputation of living in poor, not important, areas away from cities, Hakka today also reside in city-based, intelligent areas.


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