The Congo rainforest, the tropical rainforest of the African Congo Basin, is second only to the tropical rainforest of theAmazon Basin in South America . It is known as the “second lung of the earth” and its land area of more than half of the tropical rainforest is more than 2.3 million square kilometers. 54% of them are covered by forests. This is a tectonic basin with a thickly sedimentary rock that is largely undisturbed at the bottom, forming a flat and monotonous topography.
Only some of the sporadic low cliffs caused by faults break this monotonous landscape to some extent.Three major nature reserves in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo are listed as World Natural Heritage , but they are all scarred by the war. In the Kahuz Beka Nature Reserve in South Kivu, illegal armed groups madly mine local antimony mines , causing severe damage to forest vegetation; in the Karangba Nature Reserve in the Eastern Province, armed factions Persons hunted elephants and other wild animals. The development of forest resources is not limited to harvesting timber. The biodiversity of tropical rain forests is the hope of human development medicine. He hopes that the international community will pay attention to research in this field and promote the protection of tropical rain forestsThe broad-leaved trees of up to 40 meters in the forest are evergreen all year round, forming a dense and continuous canopy. The way of feeding the Congo: Congo (or Zaire) is the largest river in Central Africa and the most abundant river of the globe after the Amazon.
Its lower course is known to Europeans since the XVI century, and the rest since 1877 (the time when Stanley investigated it). Congo originates at an altitude of 1,600 meters above sea level, about 9 ° south latitude and 32 ° east longitude, between the lakes of Niassa and Tanganaika, skirting the southern side of Lake Bangweola, taking its source. From here, under the name of Luapula, winds 300 kilometers to Lake Meru or Mkata, at an altitude of 850 meters above sea level, and then, heading north-north-west, connects with Ankara at 6 ° 30` south latitude, then with Adalaba at 27 ° east longitude. At 5 ° 40 ‘southern latitude and 26 ° 45’ east longitude takes Lukugu, the source of Lake Tanganaika; seeking north, joins with Luam and, reaching a width of 1,000 meters, under the name of Lualaba, enters the land of Maniema at 4 ° 15` south latitude and 26 ° 16` eastern longitude. Between Niyonga andEquator Congo is navigable and flows straight to the north, taking on its way a lot of unexplored rivers, originating among the gigantic forests .