The legal system of Saudi Arabia is purely based on Sharia. It is the Islamic law which is purely derived from Quran and from the traditions of prophet Islam. The sources also include Islamic scholarly consensus. Uniquely, in the Muslim world Sharia has been adopted by Saudi Arabia in an unmodified form. Sharia has been supplemented by regulation issued by royal decree covering modern issues such as criminal, family and contract law. The Quran and the Sunnah are declared to be countries constitution.
The Islamic law(Sharia) and the most important foundation of law in Saudi Arabia, was urbanized by Muslim judges and scholars gradually in late seventh and tenth centuries. In the time of Abbasid Caliphate (8th century) budding Sharia was acknowledged as the Basis of law in the citys of Muslim humankind. In some rural areas, urf persistent to be predominant for a little time. By the time of 11th century, the Muslim world has urbanized four – five schools of Islamic jurisprudence. In Arabia, a favorite for the Hanbali school was advocated by wahhabi society. Wahhbism, a harsh structure sunni Islam. From the 18th century, the Hanbali school as a result predominated in Nejd and middle Arabia, the heartland of Wahhabi Islam In the more mixed in the west of peninsula, both the Hanafi and Shafi schools were followed. In the Hejaz, there was a more complicated system, with courts comprising panels of judges. In 1927, the king introduced a fresh court system to the Hejaz comprising common and summary courts and prearranged that Hanbali fiqh should be used. However, Nejd’s conventional system of judges was left in place in the visage of conservative opposition from the Nejd. After, fitting familiar with the Hejaz court system in the following decades, the religious establishment allowed its introduction to the rest of the country flanked by 1957 and 1960. In addition, from the 1930s, Abdul Aziz fashioned government tribunals or “committees” to give a ruling in areas roofed by majestic decrees such as profitable or labor law. The scheme of Sharia courts and government tribunals twisted by Abdul Aziz mostly remained in place until the 2007 judiciary reforms, Until 1970, the judiciary was the accountability of the mufti the country’s most senior religious authority. When the incumbent Grand Mufti died in 1969, however, the then king, Faisal resolute not to assign a successor and took the chance to transport accountability to the lately established Ministry of Justiceigious establishment. The Shia community of Eastern territory has a split legal tradition. Although they chase Sharia, they concern about the Shia Jafari school of jurisprudence to it. In 1913, when Abdul Aziz occupied the area, he decided the Shias a take apart judiciary for trading with religious and family law cases one judge in Qatif, and one in Hasa. This remained the location, with the two judges ministering to a inhabitants of around two million, until 2005 when the amount of judges was amplified to seven. For all other areas of law, the Shia public are under the authority of regular Sunni courts. Similarly, different court systems existed. In Nejd, there was a easy system of solo judges for both of the major towns.The judge was prearranged by the narrow governor, with whom he worked strongly to organize of cases.