that the appearance of identical individuals is virtually

that the discovery of the factors that influence how the child’s personality is formed and which differentiates it from other children is still the current goal of many researchers, and the debates around them have not ceased yet. Personality is a complex set of qualities, opinions, thoughts, attitudes and ideas that the child forms and who differentiates him from other children. The best known and accepted factors that influence the development of the child’s personality are heredity, social factors, education and culture.
Genetic influences are the first factor that influences child’s development, which includes a complex of virtual dispositions or functional schemes that are transmitted from antecedents to successors through genetic mechanisms. The genetic influences of each individual results from the combination of maternal and paternal genetic units and the probability of the appearance of identical individuals is virtually impossible.
The child’s background – this is another factor that influence child’s development, in a family where calm and optimism predominate, will encourage the actions of the child, it will develop much better compared to children who grow up in disorganized families or conflict situations. Also, the mother’s lifestyle and diet during pregnancy, the environment, starting with the family have a big impact on child’s development. The child’s health and development is indispensable in relation to the mother’s state of health, her nutritional status, and her access to quality reproductive health assistance. Prenatal care, as well as birth care and first week of life, is essential for optimal development from childhood to adolescence and adult life. The active involvement of parents in activities, and creating a sense of belonging to the child, and makes them feel useful, and makes them more aware of being more confident they can enrich their self-esteem and this will help the child to develop well. Raising and educating children is an important responsibility of the family. The family educative environment has particularly important influences in forming the child’s personality and his behaviour.
Economic influences- all the area of development can be affected if the child is growing up in poverty, can have a big impact on his physical, intellectual, emotional, social and personal development, they are at risk to have a smaller weight at birth and to be shorter in height, also there are more likely to suffer ill health or more likely to die in accidents or because of the mall nutrition. The lack of food principles, such as protein or mineral salts, will lead to enzymatic, hormonal, clotting, skeletal mineralization disorders, but overeating can lead to obesity. The normal child’s intellectual development is based on a normal diet and lifestyle, and is a very important factor because it works during intrauterine life, and the mother’s malnutrition or any nutrition disorder can affect the growth process and will also influence the child’s intellect with neuro-psychic consequences felt even during the adult. Healthy nutrition is a fundamental condition for healthy child’s development, because the effects of malnutrition are primarily evident in infants and young children in vulnerable groups, and are manifested by a chronic reduction in waist compared to age. The irrational diet is a growing problem, and they can lead to obesity at the school age and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and other life-long pathologies. Also if the child has been diagnosed with serious illness, child can lead to developmental issues, and all areas of development can be compromised, through missing school by being too ill to complete the year. Also because of the illness that cause them pain or discomfort them may suffer physically depending on the specific illness that they have, they may not complete physical activities. Another factor that may influence child’s development are disabilities and sensory impairment, for example loss of sight or hearing, can delay development in some children.
A sufficient and a clear sleep program offers invaluable help in the healthy development of the child and his intelligence but the lack of sleep can expose the child to health risks and low intellectual performances disrupts the child’s internal biological clock.
The environment and pollution in which children grow up has a direct connection with developing their cognitive capacity, the air pollution, the water pollution and noise pollution can affect their health like asthma, or they can lead poisoning by the vehicle exhaust fumes. A natural environment consisting of green spaces and spaces near water has a beneficial impact on cognitive development.
Cultural influences – religion and cultural beliefs in which the child grows up can procreate their social and emotional development, there are many families that have a certain way in which boys and girls are treated because of their religion, and this can affect children’s sense of development. As practitioner, in my placement I must observe children and identify if there may be any concern about children’s development, and for children whose development give us concern we will need to act quickly and give them support, because the sooner the needs will be identify, and the support will be given it will work more effectively and efficient.


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