Specific Purpose: to inform my audience of the three steps to take when responding to a medical emergency.
Thesis: When responding to a medical emergency you should take three main steps–survey the scene, contact emergency medical services, and start CPR.
Method of Organization: Chronological
(Begin your presentation with the statement beside Roman numeral I)
I First Sentence: “Imagine you’re at home eating a holiday dinner with your family and your uncle begins to suffer a heart attack.
II Strategy: Would you know how to handle the situation by administering cardiopulmonary resuscitation, better know as CPR?
III Specific Purpose: As a lifeguard, I have been certified in CPR for the past four years and I’ll teach you what to do when responding to a medical emergency..
IV Thesis: Tonight I will explain the lifesaving process of surveying an emergency, contacting emergency medical services, and administering CPR.
I. According to the American Red Cross, the first step in an emergency is to survey the scene.
A. The most important thing in administering First Aid is to make sure you and the victim are safe
B. If it is safe to proceed and the victim is not moving, gently shake the victim and ask if she or he is O.K.
C. Then, call for help.
II. The second step in an emergency is to contact an emergency medical service (EMS).
A. There are several ways to contact an EMS.
One way is to call 911
If there is no 911 service in your area, call the police or hospital directly.
You can also call the operator, who will contact the police or hospital for you.
B. Designate one person around you to call EMS.
C. If there is no one around, you must call EMS yourself
III. The third step in an emergency is to administer CPR.
A. Position the victim.
Move the victim into the correct position, keeping the person’s body as stable as possible.
Position yourself next to the victim’s shoulders.
B. Check the ABC’s
Opens the airway.
Check for breathing
a. Look, listen, and feel for the victim’s breath.
b. If the victim is not breathing, give him or her two quick breaths right away.
Check the pulse
C. If there is no pulse, begin chest compressions immediately.
Position your hands on the victim’s chest.
Straighten your arms and lock your elbows so your shoulders are directly over your hands
Compress the chest of victim 1-1/2 to 2”
a. Compress the chest fifteen times while counting out loud.
b. Compress for one second each time.
D. Repeat the cycles of breathing and chest compression four times.
After the fourth cycle, check the victim’s pulse.
If there is still no pulse, resume the cycles of breathing and chest compression until the victim starts to breath or until medical professionals arrive.
I This short speech has shown you the importance of surveying the scene of an emergency, contacting an emergency medical service, and starting CPR.
II Because of your knowledge of these three steps, you can be the vital link in an emergency such as that described in my introduction and you can help save a life.