Solid Waste Management
Solid Waste Management
Solid waste includes any form of garbage or sludge from industrial or commercial activities, which pose a threat to the environment and human health (Friis, 2012). Solid waste is classified according to its source, its contents, or the level of hazard it has on the environment or human health. Types of solid waste include municipal solid waste, which is waste from household activities, waste from the streets, and construction debris (Friis, 2012). This garbage is largely from residential and commercial activities, which has been increasing rapidly due to the rise in urbanization. This form of waste has also been rapidly changing due to the change in lifestyles and food habits. The second type of solid waste is hazardous waste, which is waste from industrial and hospital waste (Friis, 2012).
This waste contains toxic substances, which may negatively affect humans and the environment, as these substances are highly corrosive and explosive. Hospital waste is highly contaminated by chemicals used in hospitals making it hazardous (Friis, 2012). Exposure to hazardous waste, which may include chemicals like mercury, may cause death. The third type of solid waste is hospital waste, which is generated by health facilities in the diagnosis and treatment process (Friis, 2012). As diagnosis and treatment processes are conducted, medicines, syringes, and other disposable items are used which must be discarded. This type of waste is also highly hazardous and may cause a threat to human health if not properly managed. This is because the waste may be infected causing serious health concerns (Friis, 2012).
Some of the approaches to solid waste management include recycling which is reusing the waste for other purposes (Scungio, 2013). Waste can be properly used to develop the environment and help in reducing green house gas emissions and save energy, which is an environment conservation management. Solid waste can also be managed by reducing or preventing the use of products, which are attributed to the increase of the solid waste (Scungio, 2013). This is the best option as it helps in eliminating waste from the source or point of origin. Some of the methods may include less packaging, using reusable products, and backyard composting. This type of solid waste management requires the involvement of the public in achieving the desired objectives (Scungio, 2013).
Friis, R. H. (2012). Essentials of environmental health. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Scungio, D. (2013). Eco-friendly waste management: MLO. Medical Laboratory Observer. 45(6), 32-33.