Recycling is the process or conversion of an old material that would normally be thrown away into something reusable and new.
‘In 2013, Americans generated about 254 million tons of trash and recycled and composted about 87 million tons of this material, equivalent to a 34.3 percent recycling rate’ (United States Environmental Protection Agency). The amounts of rubbish thrown away by people each year does damage to a variety of different topics. These topics being specifically along the lines of the increase of CO2 in the atmosphere from places such as landfill sites, habitat destruction, and the fact that the increasing population of our world has an impact on what each individual needs.
One of the major issues we face today is having to do with the volume of wastage that is in landfills. In landfills there are a variety of different materials that may contain toxic substances such as electronic waste. Electronic waste can come from modern day devices such as which comes from modern day devices such as TVs and computers which include dangerous matters such as mercury (Hg), arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), Lead (Pb), and a wide range of other different chemicals. According to Environment Victoria, ‘Leachate is the liquid formed when waste breaks down in the landfill and water filters through that waste. This liquid is highly toxic and can pollute the land, groundwater, and waterways.’ This particular fact can provide us evidence that landfill does a contribution to the amount of CO2 in our atmosphere today. Despite these facts though, individuals today are beginning to make more of a positive impact due to the amount of awareness raised, and the increase of population that is recycling most of their everyday items daily.
In the year of 1980, 15 million tons of materials were recycled and reused into new products for us to be able to use. Though, in the year of 2013, this number went as high as the number of 87.2 million tons, which proves the fact that our society is making a difference in which materials they are able to recycle and reuse.