There are a myriad of psychological disorders and there are many more that we have yet to discover. Personality disorders have specific categories, Cluster A-Cluster C. Cluster A personality disorders are distinguished as odd, eccentric acts or thoughts. Paranoid Personality Disorder fits in the Cluster A category.
People who have this disorder tend to behave in a certain way, these people tend to hold grudges, have feelings of untrustworthiness to their significant other and towards other people as well. They have displeasured and antagonistic reactions because of insults. They’re also sensitive, if you make innocent remarks, they will feel attacked. They will feel hesitant to share information with someone, because they may feel that the person will use it against them. They tend to believe that others are trying to harm or deceive them, and they feel suspicious towards other people’s motives.
Moving along, symptoms may include being defensive and argumentative, becoming isolated and antisocial, quick to anger, and very hypersensitive to criticism. People with PPD may find it hard to work with people in a social setting. For instance, if they must work with a group of people for a class project, they will most likely have a hard time. Let’s say in this group the person with PPD (Jill) has an idea for the project they’re working on, and the other person (Billy) disagrees with this and has a more profound idea that he delivers, Jill will feel offended and hypersensitive with the constructed criticism. Even though Billy meant no harm and was just collaborating with his group members, Jill will still feel attacked. Someone without this disorder may feel upset that their idea wasn’t the best, but they will still work with Billy and will have a normal remark. Jill in the other hand will feel as if someone backstabbed her and will most likely act defensive. With having a distrust for others, they become antisocial and always seem paranoid to strangers, friends or family. Another example could be if Jill is having a normal conversation with someone (Jan) and misconceives Jan’s words because she wasn’t thinking clearly, or maybe Jan had a heavy accent. Jill will feel as if Jan is saying this to intentionally attack her and take advantage of her. This will lead Jill to hold a grudge against Jan and maybe other people because if she thinks Jan is that type of person, then she may perceive others as this. Jill will tend to act more defensive or maybe even aggressive. This way of living will prevent Jill from having close friends or any relationships.
With this object, there must be some type of treatment. One possible treatment may include the cognitive approach, Paranoid Personality disorder is usually treated with psychotherapy. The general term is Cognitive behavioral therapy, this helps people fix twisted thought patterns and behaviors. CBT is one type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps patients comprehend the feelings and thoughts that influence their behaviors. The CBT treatment helps clients become aware of their paranoid thoughts and will help them comprehend how this mindset can affect the way they perceive the world around them and how this perception can affect the way they act and their relationship towards other people. This treatment will start off at a slow pace. The therapist will start asking the client to trust him/her on doing something like to watch their belongings while they go to the bathroom. This will start to help them build trust and to dial down negative thoughts about people. This will excel to bigger things like constructive criticism on a given presentation. This helps clients learn how to know the difference between good and bad intentions. The overall goal is to help them see the world as a better/ more positive place, so they can get rid of their bad habits and learn to form good relationships with people around them. They will then become free and have a positive outlook in life. CBT changes the way the brain exchanges information with itself. There’s also medications and physical activities that can help the client cleanse their mind.
Generally speaking, Paranoid Personality Disorder, is a mental disorder that is distinguished by paranoia and obtaining a negative mindset of distrust towards others. They tend to trust no one and are prone to being very sensitive to any type of criticism. They believe that other people are trying to hurt or trick them, and they are very suspicious of people. It’s very difficult for them to form close and long-term relationships. There are treatments for this, CBT is the best possible cognitive treatment that has positive outcomes of people with PPD. With this treatment, it helps people like Jill to live better lives with a positive mindset and form close relationships.