Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a condition that is experienced by people who have been through a terrifying event in the younger days of their lives (Yehuda et.al, 2015). Mostly experienced during the teen age or in the adulthood, this condition makes the patient feel afraid of the events that led to the occurrence of the traumatic event.
This fear inhibits the functionality of that individual. For instance, if a person has been in an abusive relationship, there is that fear that is implanted into the brain that inhibits them from moving forward or even associating with others. How to overcome such fear and conquering post-traumatic stress disorder involves changing of a number of things which I seek to understand better. Also, in case of the occurrence of a similar event, what would be the reaction of the same individual.
Seeking answers to these questions makes me excited.Secondly, I have been intrigued with the reason behind the development of PTSD from the time a person has gone through the trauma up to the point that the individual is diagnosed with the problem. Considering that a number of people might go through the same traumatic experience and among them, some might develop PTSD while others, react just for a while. In some cases, symptoms of PTSD might get noticed in the first few months while in others, it might take years to get diagnosed. Also, the duration in which people takes to recover from the disorder varies significantly with some taking just a few months to fully recover and others take a while longer.
Am also interested in finding out ways in which the effects can be eliminated in the shortest time possible disregarding the age of the victim. PTSD among US military personnel or veterans In the research on this topic, Iribarren et.al took a case study of the US service men and women who have been deployed in the warzone where they witness a range of traumatic events. These include the death of friends as well as killing which leaves behind a traumatic memory in the person’s brain (2005).
The statistics that they depicted in their research showed an increase in the number of American veterans who were suffering from the disorder. The research also showed that the factors that were attributed to the increased cases were the environmental exposure which the veterans went through. PTSD is also attributed to be caused by socio-demographic factors such as age or race, military characteristics such as ranks or number of deployments, unit support, combat exposure or post-deployment support (Xue et.
al, 2015).Treatment of PTSDOver the years, there has been two methods that have been used in the management of PTSD. These include Prolonged Exposure and the cognitive processing therapy (CPT) (Steenkamp et.al, 2015). Cognitive processing therapy is a treatment that focuses on the thoughts and the feelings of the patient. This helps in addressing and changing the way of thinking for the victim and thus eliminating the thoughts that might be in the way of recovery.
This is also applicable to individuals who have been molested or having abusive childhood memories. Changing the point of view could really help in reducing the impact of the memories. It will also help choose which memories to keep.On the other hand, prolonged exposure is a form of trauma-focused psychotherapy where the patient is encouraged to face the memories or feelings that they have been avoiding. By doing so, this decreases the impact that they have on the individual’s mental health. Being an individual therapy, the patient has privacy and with encouragement, is able to focus on the memories that they chose to ignore. The patient will initially start mentioning the things that they can manage and slowly progress to the more challenging ones. Use of medication such as prescribed antidepressants is another form of treating PTSD though not much effective.
ConclusionFrom the research that has been published by a number of people, it is evidence that the military personnel go through a number of traumatic exposures which has led to the increasing number of veterans and security personnel nursing repetitive post-traumatic stresses. Women, especially have been increasing and research have shown that they have been affected more than men have (Iribarren et.al, 2005).Despite this, the combination of prolonged exposure and the cognitive processing therapy in managing and reducing the impact of trauma have been success full in that the level of stress has been reduced. This, though is dependent on the willingness of the individual to face their worst fears (Xue et.
al, 2015). The trauma-focused psychotherapy treatments proved clinically effective as compared to other form of therapy that don’t focus on the trauma event itself. Lastly, PTSD will develop in a person if they get hurt, they did not get support, dealing with extra stress from the trauma or seeing another person get hurt (U.
S. Department of Health and Human Services).