On June 5 2017, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, UAE and Bahrain had formally ended diplomatic bonds with Qatar. Saudi Arabia explained it took the choice to end diplomatic bond due to Qatar’s acceptance of a lot of sectarian and terrorist groups wanted to unstable the land, which include the Muslim Brotherhood, Al Qaeda, Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and groups favored by Iran in the kingdom’s eastern province of Qatar.
Islam Hassan stated: Beginning from 2000 and after it, Qatar has been following an independent foreign policy that sometimes conflict with the Saudi strategic concerns in the land. The point that Qatar has not been following the Saudi foreign policy, and working with states and non-state players that the Saudis didn’t agreed of have created this stress in relationship throughout the years that have been passed, largely after the Arab uprisings.
This stress was recovered by the hacking saga of Qatar News Agency and the statement that was assigned to Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad. This occurred at a time when Mohamed bin Salman was encountering competition from Mohamed bin Nayef over the Saudi kingship.
Mohamed bin Salman seek to have the US blessing during Trump’s visit to Saudi to threat Qatar to its knees and go back home with a win that would give him more admiration in Saudi Arabia, making his journey easier to power.
With concerns to UAE, there has been always conflicts between al-Nahyans of Abu Dhabi and al-Thanis of Qatar. This competition goes as far as to the 1800s. The Arab uprisings helped a new chapter in the Qatari-Emirati conflict.
The conflict caused to the Emiratis doing the main part in the removal of ambassadors from Qatar in 2014. At the starting of the ongoing diplomatic problems, especially following the hacking saga, UAE was seeking to prolong the problem.
Even how, Aljazeera’s publishing of Yousuf al Otaiba’s leaked emails got the UAE on board with Saudi Arabia. To the extent as Bahrain is considered, the little Kingdom has been following the Saudi foreign policy for the past years that have been passed. It looks like that their splitting of bond with Qatar was mainly an answer to a Saudi call.
In June, most of the members declared a ban on Qataris and their businesses. Qataris are not given permission to live in the country and also not given permission to enter in the country only if they have a wife who is living there and they have to carry a visa if they want to go to these countries. Flights from Qatar are not permitted to come there and also the flights from the country not permitted to come to Qatar.
After the making of the council in 1981 its membership has not extended, with all partners being Arab monarchies. Some of the GCC countries have land borders with Yemen, Iraq and Jordan and sea borders with Egypt, Sudan, Iran, Eritrea and Somalia.
Only the Sinai Peninsula situated in the Arabian Peninsula, Bahrain has been spoken about its opinion on Egypt joining the GCC, in 2011, Bahraini Foreign Minister has declared for Egypt to be included as a partner of the GCC.
Iraq is the only Arab country bordering the Persian Gulf that is not a partner of the Gulf Cooperation Council. In 2012, Iraqi Defense Minister Saadoun al-Dulaimi declared that Iraq seeks to include itself in the GCC.
Kuwait helps Iraq joining the GCC. The little partnership of Iraq is largely believed to be because of the low-income economy, its large Shia population, its republican political system, and it’s capturing of member state Kuwait during the Gulf War.
On the December 2012 Manama summit, the GCC states declared for an end to Iranian taking part in their personal events.
Jordan and Morocco
On May 2011, Jordan’s appeal to include itself in the GCC, which had been first given 15 years ago, was accepted and Morocco was welcomed to join the union. On September 2011 a five-year economic plan for both countries was put forward after a meeting between the foreign ministers of both countries and those of the GCC States, the first GCC meeting since May which included the Jordanian and Moroccan ministers.
Even though a plan for accession was being looked into, it was noted that there was no timetable for either’s accession, and that discussions would go on. As Jordan and Morocco are the only two Arab monarchies not presently in the council, the present members see them as strong powerful allies.
Jordan borders member Saudi Arabia and is economically linked to the Persian Gulf States. However, Morocco is not near the Persian Gulf, the Moroccan foreign minister Taieb Fassi Fihri notes that “geographical distance is no obstacle to a strong relationship”.
Yemen was in discussion for GCC partnership, and wanted to join by 2015. Moreover, it has no coastline on the Persian Gulf, Yemen lies in the Arabian Peninsula and have a same culture and history with other partners of the GCC.
The GCC has already accepted Yemen’s accession to the GCC Standardization Authority, Gulf Organization for Industrial Consulting (GOIC), GCC Auditing and Accounting Authority, Gulf Radio and TV Authority, GCC Council of Health Ministers, GCC Education and Training Bureau, GCC Council of Labor and Social Affairs Ministers, and Gulf Cup Football Tournament. The Council made directives that all the important legal actions be taken so that Yemen would have the alike rights and commitment of GCC member states in those institutions.
On May 2017, the Gulf Cooperation Council didn’t accept the making of a transitional political council in southern Yemen, which called for the division of Southern Yemen, cooperating with Yemen President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi in doing so.