Nanotechnology fullerenes. One of popular application of

Nanotechnology has greatly contributed to many innovative products in various
engineering disciplines because of their unique properties. Many benefits of nanotechnology
depend on the fact that it is possible to create structures of materials that are extremely small
scales to achieve specific properties. Using nanotechnology, the materials can be effectively
made stronger, lighter, more durable or better electrical conductors among many other traits.
Basically, nanotechnology applications can be divided in to several categories. Thin films
and engineered surfaces fall in to the one-dimensional applications of nanomaterials. They have
been used for fields like electronic and chemistry so they can’t be considered as a new material.
Two dimensional materials like tubes and wires are other type of applications of in
nanotechnology. Nanowires are ultrafine wires or linear arrays of dots that are formed by selfassembly.
Semiconductor nanowires are made of silicon. There dimensional nanomaterial
applications include nanoparticles like dendrimers and fullerenes.
One of popular application of nanomaterials is nanotubes. Carbon nanotubes are one
example of nanotechnology. The tensile strength of high carbon steel is around 1.2 GPa but the
tensile strength of carbon nanotubes is 63 GPa. Also, they are known to be one of the strongest
materials having been produced by nanotechnology so far.
Miniaturized products in this field perform very poorly because of contamination of
particles and poor heat dissipation. Thanks to nanomaterials, now ultra-high purity materials
with improved thermal conductivity can be used to overcome those issues. Nanomaterials are
quite important to produce long lasting and strong interconnections. Many other fields also use
nanomaterials for a wide variety of applications. Better insulation materials can be produced
which is used in the field of electronics. Transistors, the basic switches that enable all modern
computing, have gotten smaller and smaller through nanotechnology. Nanomaterials
increases the capabilities of electronics devices while reducing their weight and power
consumption. It increases the density of memory chips and it reduces the size of transistors that
used in integrated circuits


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