NAME: LAI YEE GING
STUDENT ID: DPH18056142
BATCH: 55 (05/2018)
GUIDANCE LECTURER: MR RMK
WHY THE HOLISTIC APPROACH OF PATIENT HELPS TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT? DISCUSS.
Team Approach of Holistic Clients Care: a) Rehabilitation Team
b) Health Care Team 3
Types of Holistic Approach 5
The Reasons of The Holistic Approach of Patient Helps to Improve the Quality of Management of Patient. 6
The word holistic is often used in discussing a person’s health or treatment. It is important to recognize how your health is affected by stress, quality of sleep, exercise, and what we take into our bodies by ingestion, inhalation, and absorption.
A holistic approach to health simply means that a person works to maintain a good working balance between mind, body, and soul. The holistic approach of patient care is nothing but adapting a rehabilitative process of restoring or developing a diseased or disabled individual to the maximum possible functional ability in physical, psychological, social, vocational, and economic aspects with the combined and coordinated use of all the medical, paramedical, social, educational and vocational resources available. It can improve your relationships, make you more patient, understanding, loving and generally help you to become more awake as a person in your day to day life.
Whether you’re doing holistic parenting, holistic website design, or holistic medicine, know that each change you make to one part affects the whole. While taking social factors into consideration, holistic refers to addressing the whole person, including their physical, mental, and emotional health in a medical setting. This could be specific to diagnosis, in which case a holistic approach might consider all possible symptoms; or holistic treatment, which may be very creative and empowers the patient to take charge of their own care. A holistic approach starts when you identify an obstacle, then take a step back to understand the whole situation.
TEAM APPROACH OF HOLISTIC CLIENTS CARE
Holistic approach concerns on rehabilitation than merely providing treatment for the disease or disability. Rehabilitation is a process that helps the patient to regain their strength, relearn skills or find new ways of doing things they did before after a serious injury, illness or surgery. There are many rehabilitation such as physical therapy to help your strength, mobility and fitness, occupational therapy to help you with your daily activities, speech-language therapy to help with speaking, understanding, reading, writing and swallowing and some treatment of pain. The type of therapy and goals of therapy may be different for different people.
The rehabilitation process:
500380026797037084002533650020637505715Identify problems and needs
0Identify problems and needs
44894505715Relate problems to modiable and limiting factors
00Relate problems to modiable and limiting factors
-215900285750Plan, implement, and coordinate interventions
00Plan, implement, and coordinate interventions
475615095250Dene target problems and target mediators, select appropriate measures
00Dene target problems and target mediators, select appropriate measures
Health Care Team
Health care team is a team that approaches to delivering healthcare. Normally, the doctor work as a team leader. Doctor has to ensure that each member of the team knows where responsibility lies in clinical and managerial issues. They work together to determine the health-care needs and provide with safe, effective and customized care.
The physiotherapist is a profession that works with people that become disability by injury, illness, or age. They help patients regain their range of movement, or to support patients with permanent disabilities to prevent further damage and increase the patient’s functionality.
Example of the health care team:
TYPES OF HOLISTIC APPROACH
The holistic approach can be categorized into 2 types which are multidisciplinary approach and interdisciplinary approach.
The multidisciplinary approach involves team members working independently to create discipline-specific care plans that are implemented simultaneously, but without explicit regard to their interaction. The specialists of Bio-psycho-social model team approach the patient individually, assess separately, give specific therapy so as to achieve their specific goals. There are no collaboratively, interaction or communication amongst the specialists and no exchange of ideas about the particular patient treated. They responsible for a different patient need and provide unique treatment and there is no coordination between the specialists while providing their treatment.
The interdisciplinary approach involves team members from different disciplines working collaboratively, with a common purpose, to set goals reviewed jointly, make decisions and share resources and responsibilities. The specialists of Bio-psycho-social model approach the patient collectively at the same place, assess separately, but set a common goal in the case conference, give specific therapy so as to achieve the common goal. The interaction amongst the specialists are more and they will exchange their ideas about the patient during the case conferences. This approach is regarded as the preferred model of team activity.
The two approaches may be a combination to use depending on the resources of the individual health service.
THE REASONS OF THE HOLISTIC APPROACH OF PATIENT HELPS TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY OF MANAGEMENT OF PATIENT.
Sometimes all it takes is only a short interview between the physician and the patient. Thus, the patients would be well aware of the disease, its etiology, course, treatment plan, epidemiological evidence, and outcomes. Holistic approach design improves the quality of management of the patient.
The holistic approach of the patient helps to improve the quality of management of patient because there is good coordination between the specialists during the treatment sessions because it can improve the communication of health care team. A good communication between the physiotherapist and health care team is important because we work in a team. We aim to optimum health care to the patient. We also plan, formulate and set the same goal. Furthermore, we have to share information and establish common goals for the patient and collaboration among all colleagues to deliver a better service to the patient. Moreover, a good communication between the physiotherapist and patient also important because it will let patient trust in us. If the patients trust us with their lives and health they will follow the instruction that given by the physiotherapy. Therefore, the holistic approach is important to improve the quality of management of the patient.
The patient participation is more active and more centralized because they will understand the need for a well-balanced lifestyle. Holistic treatment emphasizes the whole body care not only the physical body but the person’s emotional and spiritual health as well and not just temporary symptomatic relief. Thus, the patient will cooperate with the health care team because they know holistic approach is good for their health so the quality of management of patient may be improved.
The holistic approach can improve overall general health. The holistic treatment approach focuses on healthy eating habits and therapeutic practices. The holistic approach also applies more natural methods to cure illness such as proper nutrition, exercise, detoxification and other natural non-invasive treatment. Some stress relieving and self-relaxing exercises like yoga are also believed to be effective in improving overall health. Moreover, the natural resources such as natural herbs and medicines also used by the health care team to improve the quality of management of the patient. The techniques that use by the physiotherapist to overcome injury, short-term health problem or manage long-term disability include manipulation and massage, electrotherapy, acupuncture, injection therapy and exercise instruction and advice.
In conclusion, as a health care team, we put the patient at the center of our efforts. Holistic health care is an integrated approach to health care. It not only concerned with the absence of disease, but with a positive state of being. As a physiotherapist, we look at the body as a whole, rather than focusing on individual factors of an injury or illness. The physiotherapist will advise the patient on ways to help relieve discomfort and pain and manage the condition more effectively like exercising regularly. They also advise the patient about the way to prevent injury from reoccurring. Usually, physiotherapist work with other professionals. Throagh the holistic approach, it recognizes the person not with any medical problem, but as a whole person while trying to reduce or cure his disability. Therefore, the holistic approach of the patient helps to improve the quality of management of the patient.
Arnetz JE et al (2004) Active Patient Involvement in the Establishment of Physical Therapy Goals: Effects on Treatment Outcome and Quality of Care. Advances in Physiotherapy 6: 50-69
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