Many in the world as well as the population

Many problems in Africa are caused by the fact that it has the highest
population growth. Since 1960, the population has doubled, and African
countries have been ranked top regarding the fertility rate in the world as
well as the population growth (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2012). Additionally,
African countries are faced with a social and economic situation that is very
alarming. One of the devastating problems is the persistent poor health.
Following the poor health, Africans have a lower life expectancy and experience
high mortality rate because of the many diseases and illnesses that are endemic
in the region. ( (Focusing sub-Sahara, this paper will focus
on poverty and healthcare in Zimbabwe addressing its effects on the population
and the economy (Ali, Thorbecke, & Shimelis, 2000). From a historical
background, poverty is related to poor healthcare in Zimbabwe. The medical
facilities have experienced shortages of drugs although currently, the country
is picking concerning the stocking of modern drugs. Some of the factors
contributing to poor healthcare are the lack of trained staffs where some of
the qualified health professionals left the country for green pastures in other
countries that offered them better working conditions and salaries. The most
prevalent diseases that have taken many lives include HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and
Cholera (Callaghan,
Ford, & Schneider, 2010). This country also faces challenges regarding
food shortages that have contributed to malnutrition-related diseases. One of
the factors that have contributed to poverty and the poor economy in Zimbabwe
is colonialism. This country was colonized by the British, and after president
Robert Mugabe won the national elections in 1980, crises of land redistribution
started.  The problem of land
redistribution caused stress thus affecting agriculture, and eventually economy
inflation. The economic problem since then was the major cause of 


I'm Owen!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out