Currently, there are 444 municipalities spread throughout the state of Finland. 428 municipalities situated in the mainland and the rest of the 16 are situated in the self-governing Aaland Island. To define what the municipalities are, it is an authority located in local level who are elected by the citizens of each area. The election held consequently every four year. There exist an executive board, who is assigned by council, manage the work preparation based on different subject matter prior to the council. On the other hand, the chief executive who is legally appointed by the council and works under the executive board.
Municipalities have expansive obligations. Essentially, there are some basic functions and some specific duties. All the tasks and organization of the administration are entrenched in the Local Government act. Thus, there cannot be new responsibilities arise nor taking away the task of local authorities unless modification of the legislation has been made.
The main legislation, Local Government Act, and other legislation provide powers and responsibilities to authorities. Special laws also exist in relations to the services of municipalities given for the residents in the subjects of welfare, education, culture, and health. It is also including the streets and local roads maintenance within the territory of each municipality. More so, perform functions in environmental administration such as building regulations, waste management, and land use planning. All these responsibilities reflect that it has a regulatory power, meaning that the regulations made by municipality should be based on law passed by the Parliament. It is specified in the legislation depending on the subject, such as Building Act or Health Care.
Finance on Municipal Level
Local authorities have the right to charge taxes on residents which makes it the main funding of each municipality. Mainly the funded comes from local tax, charges for service of municipal, and proportionate grant from the national or central government. Principle of Finance applied here, implicate that once the specific responsibilities are given to a municipality, then it must be funded to reach its goals and means