It started in 1861, after a very harsh and long time of disagreement between the two sides, north and south, over slavery, states’ rights, and moving to the west. The election of 1860 caused 7 states in the south to go away and form the C.
S.A four more states soon followed after them. The War Between the States, North, and south, as the Civil War also known, ended in Confederate giving in on 1865. The disagreement was the deadliest war that had ever been fought inside America, with some 620 thousand of the large 2.4 million soldiers killed in combat, lots more injured and lots of the South left to ruin.
In 1861 knowing that the resupplies were on there the way going to the federal from the north garrison at the town of Fort Sumter inside the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina, they told the forts to surrender, but the leader of the fort, Major Robert Anderson, denied the offer. On the 12 of April, the C.S.A started to shout at them with a cannon with a canon. The following day at 2:30 they Major Robert Anderson, gave up.April the 15th, Abraham called for 75 thousand volunteers to start the Southern states revolt, a change that would convince Virginia, Tennessee, Arkansas and North Carolina to detach themselves and vote to going away.
(Most of the western section of Virginia did not like leaving the union and left making a new, Union state, West Virginia. ) The US used to only keep a very tiny uptight army. The nation’s founding fathers had concerns that a ruler might use a larger army to overtake u.s.
government and make themselves a dictator. Many of America’s Army military school, West Point, gave their rank back so they could survive the South — this was very genuine in the cavalry, but there were zero members of the artillery that “went to the Confederacy .” The Abraham Lincoln foundation had to depend on the numbers of volunteers ( workers that do not get paid) from the rest of the states.
At Richmond Virginia, the current President of the C.S.A, Jefferson Davison, faced a problem just like that one in raising and getting armies. Not one of the 2 sides expected a fight for a very long time. Locals were asked to enlist for ninety days. “One large shot out, and it will be over,” was the likely belief of both sides of the Mason – Dixon Line. Southerners thought Northerners were too fragile and cowardly to fight “this was somewhat true”.
Northern states thought since they relied on slavery had rendered Southerners to weak both physically and mentally to put up a real fight. Both north and south sides were going to have a rude awakening.To win the wear would require Lincoln’s army, and ships to get an area at the East Coast all the way to the Rio Grande river, from the Mason – Dixon Line to the far away Gulf of Mexico, To prevent the northern states from winning, the South would have to protect the same larger area, but with a tiny population and fewer industries than the Northern states could ultimately bringing a stop . A short war would have benefited the South, along with the mighty North.The first clash on land between a large body of troops occurred in the morning of June 3, 1861, when 3 thousand Union volunteers surprised 8 hundred Confederate soldiers at Philippi in West Virginia. Lasting less than 30 minutes, the affair would barely be considered as a clash later in the civil war, but the Union’s victory there and subsequent ones in the region elevated the reputation of Major General George B. McClellan, commander of Department of Ohio.
The first real battle took place July 21, 1861, on the hills around Bull Run creek outside Manassas, Virginia, a railroad junction some 30 miles south of the Northern capital at Washington City (Washington, D.C.) and about 90 miles north of the Confederate capital at Richmond on July. It is known as the First Battle of Bull Run (Northern name) or the First Battle of Manassas (Southern name). During the war, the North named battles for the nearest body of water, and the South used the name of the nearest town.The south made progress in the beginning stages of the battle, but the northern backup got there later in the day from the Shenandoah Valley and pushed out the Federals. The unfortunate Union leader, Mr. McDowell, was made the fall guy and was replaced with an officer who had some wins to his credit, McClellan.
On September 10 a Northern victory at Carnifex Ferry in the Big Kanawha Valley of Virginia virtually ended southern control in most of the western counties, although there would be raids and warfare there. A successful invasion by the navy of Carolina took place in the middle of August.The Western Theater saw only minor fights. Kentucky was trying to remain neutral and had sworn to take sides against whichever side first moved the first pawn.
That was the south, which felt like they had to establish Mississippi River forts and establish camps within the state to repel any attempted of the union to go south.In the Trans-Mississippi, the South got a big victory on August 10, 1861. The Battle of Wilson’s Creek saw some 12 thousand southern defeat less than 5.
5 thousand northern soldiers and take command of Missouri, but the Confederates did not immediately pursue up north. The Union commander was killed, the first Federal general to die in battle during the war. The South had already lost the Brigadier General Robert S. Garnett in a fight at Carrick’s Ford, Virginia, and Brigadier General Barnard E. Bee at the First Manassas. After Wilson’s Creek, Confederate forces won another Missouri victory at the First Battle of Lexington, September 1861.
During the downfall and winter, both sides increased their ranks, trained troops, and had additional weapons, food, equipment, horses and mules for the next year’s campaigns.