Introduction policy, objectives, plans and responsibilities for the


Lab management is mostly important with the condition of materials for laboratory work maintenance and repair of equipment and the proper organization of the laboratory and secondary services (Parson, 2014)
Testing of patient sample in the laboratory is very complicated. There will be an error in each testing process. It is a process that involves expecting what are the errors, evaluating the reason of errors and what can be done to prevent the risk of potential harm to a suitable level.
Safety management is a system to manage safety elements in the laboratory. It includes policy, objectives, plans and responsibilities for the laboratory (Nijoroge and Nichols, 2014)

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• Importance of safety to an individual and a laboratory
Safety is defined as a condition of being protected from or unlikely to cause danger and risk. Laboratory is a place where practical and researches carried out.
Safety is most important for a lab and an employee. So we have to learn about the lab safety in proper manner.
When lab safety procedures are not followed properly, following incidents can be occurring and through that people get hurt:
? Wrong way of using equipments causes injury even death.
? Toxic fumes, needle pricks and chemical spills can make harm to the workers.
? Automatically these errors can be making mistake in the patients’ records also.
Advantages of safety to an individual and a laboratory by following this safety procedure properly:
? It protects equipments from the damages in risk.
? There will be a disease and bacteria all over the environment of the lab, by using sterilization and safety procedures can prevent the cross contamination.
? Medical assistant in the lab the record keeping is vitally important, proper lab safety is responsible for the patients’ information.
? Proper lab safety ensures the good standard of the lab, when people know our lab is in the safety environment they are more likely to trust the lab and the individual employee who is work there.
? By employee’s performance there will be chance to get more payment then they get before (Mustafa et al, 2008).

• Health and safety standards in a lab
Following the work place health and safety standards ensure, organization have meet their local obligates and protect staff and patients. Set these standards with the support of the health and safety executive formed by ‘The Health and Wellbeing in the healthcare Partnership Group (HSWPG)’ (Health and Safety standards, 2013).
The reasons of providing these standards are:
? Employers should have to work in a health and safety places.
? Head of the department must have a responsible for the environment which patients have their treatment and employers do their work (Hassan et al,2017)
Through these standards we can know:
? How to treat the patient with safe.
? To know about the quality of the health and safety in the labs.
Most of the standards are represent specific legal laws. The rest also provide guidance on how organization can reach their goal (Sanchez et al, 2017).
• Health and Safety law
There are separate laws for labs, offices, shops and factories. Legal rights to health and safety at work are found in a range of legislation and legal rights.
? The Health and Safety at Work Act (HASAWA) – This sets out the workers duties.
? Regulations guidance and approved codes of practices (ACOPs) made under this act and allowed by HASAWA. It consists such as using a computer or manual handling and also covers specific hazards. Employers have to comply with regulations and are expected to apply other advice and guidance.
? Employments rights legislation – These are the employment protection rights.
? Common law rights – Basic legal obligations on the employee
? Employment contract, staff hand book and company procedures.
By following these laws employee is free to take serious action on the person who is not follow the rules properly (Robertson, 2015).

• Laboratory Hygiene
Clean and well organized laboratory lays foundation to working in the environment happily and safe. Therefore laboratories should have to follow the laboratory hygiene.
It is important because,
? Prevent injuries to staff due to slips, trips and falls. By follow the cleaning methods in the lab always close the chemicals after using; walkways and work benches must free from the obstructions. Frequently have to check the electricity supply in the lab (Croxatto and Greub, 2017).
? Prevent ingestion of hazardous material go inside the body by prohibition of eating and drinking and smell the hazardous chemicals.
? Prevent ingestion of chemicals and micro organisms into the skin by using hand wash soap and paper towels.
? Prevent damage to the lab and the whole over the lab by using absorbent paper towels, vermiculite or dry must be available to clean up spills (Sewunet et al, 2014).

• Risks in a lab environment and risk assessment.
Risk assessment consists identify the hazards; identify critical processes and the way of controlling. It is must carries out priority to any risk operations, during planning before purchase of equipment and also checked when changes are made such as concentration and temperature (Lele, 2012). It must always be carried out by someone with knowledge of the process, relevant working methods and workplace. Manager has to be approving these risk assessments. It is occurs such as, describe the hazards related with the chemicals, organisms and equipments. Identify the risk exposure, estimate and assess the size of the risk (Aven, 2015).
• Risk mitigation methods
Laboratory is a place where the experiments have to be enhanced. Most of the time risk can be occurs during the experiments because of unprepared methods and the careless (Bird, 2009).
Here are some minimizing methods
? Consider the physical arrangement and the facilities available in the lab.
? Workers must wear the proper protective guards when they doing the experiments.
? Pre-experiment analysis must be the most important thing to minimize the risk in a lab. Therefore carefully develop a list of all the chemicals used and the quantities needed in the experiments.
? Have to use proper container for chemical distribution in the lab.
? Be aware of handling chemicals, using equipment and good housekeeping procedures.
? The laboratory must have a safety signs.
? Ensure that lab has a proper ventilation and the emergency exits (Stulz, 2003).

Risk and safety management can mitigate the possible accidents in the lab and minimize the chance of errors and ensure appropriate test results and also both of this management is practice succeeded in industrial or manufacture settings. All the hazards and control process are summarized in a quality control process. Maximum labs are tried to ensure the patient results without errors and residual risks are maintained to a clinically acceptable level and each employee who work in a lab should have to know about the risk and safety assessment (Nijoroge and Nichols, 2014).


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