In 1603 the magic latten was invented by Prominent Dutch scientist Christiaan Huygens, the magic latten is mad by using thin sheets of glass with imagery on them arranged in front of each other to create a single animation with depth but that wasn’t the first animation.
In 3,000 B.C. A bronze-age pottery bowl depicts goats leaping
(Shahr-e Sukhteh, Iran) was created, so by moving the pot around fast it will show the animation of goats leaping, however this wasn’t class as animation back then.
And in 1500 A.D. Vitruvian man by Leonardo da Vinci’s Vitruvian Man drawing shows
Multiple angles, implying movement, this was also later discovered to be animation before animation.
Later in 1824 the thaumatrope was invented
(A thaumatrope is an optical toy that was popular in the 19th century. A disk with a picture on each side is attached to two pieces of string. When the strings are twirled quickly between the fingers the two pictures appear to blend into one due to the persistence of vision)