I) Making sure that your message is accurately received and translated is the bedrock of effective communication. Just as there are many barriers or opportunities to misinterpret body language and ‘Silent Messages,’ (see below) there are many other barriers to effective communication. Some of these
I) Albert Mehrabian’s theory regarding the ‘Silent Messages’ is relevant in every aspect of life; from the manner in which we greet our friends and relatives, to the organisation of furniture in an office, to the mannerisms of politicians on the campaign trail. His theory encompasses the notion that our body movements and positions, as well our immediate ‘mirco-environment,’ give participants in conversation or situation a hint as to our true intentions and thoughts.
II) An everyday one to one conversation can be categorised into six simple steps;
I) A topic or point is given thought
II) The message is coded; decision is made regarding expressing this point/topic
III) The message is sent; The topic/point has been aired in a manner which the sender believes to be appropriate to the nature of the intended conversation and recipient
IV) The recipient has received the message.
V) The recipient decodes the message received. Tone of voice, vocabulary used, expressions and body language of the sender are all used to help decode the message received
VI) Message understood and translated. Correct translation depends on the variables above. Recipient now begins the cycle again by thinking of a response to the message they have just translated.
Issues with this theory relate to the variables with which the receiver decodes and translates the message. If the receiver reads the signals wrong then he/she could fail to understand the intended meaning of the message.
III) There are many different types of body language. They cover a wide range of indicators; such as our body posture when engaging someone in conversation to the use of gestures and eye contact to help maintain an interest in the conversation. They can all be interpreted differently depending on the social situation. The ability or lack of ability to translate and understand these variables in one’s body language is a major factor in successful communication in the workplace.


Almost every child will have rebellion during their growing process. Some of them will behave, quite different from parent’s expectation. They often argue with their parents, easily get angry, do not do what their parents tell them to do, and even do some dangerous activities like drinking or having drugs. Knowing the important cause and potential effects of adolescent rebellion is very necessary. The most important cause of adolescent rebellion is parent’s unconscious control. Usually, parents always let children obey what they think their teenagers should do, instead of listen to their children.

Rebellion can cause young people to rebel against their own self- interest, rejecting childhood interest, activities, and relationships that often support self-esteem. It can cause them to engage in self -defeating and self-destructive behaviour refusing to do school work or even physically hurting themselves. It can cause them to experiment with high-risk excitement –accepting dares that as a children they would have refused. It can cause them to reject safe rules and restraints-letting impulse overrule judgment to dangerous effect. And it can cause them to injure valued relationship-pushing against those they care about and pushing them away. So adolescent rebellion is not simply a matter of parental aggravation. It is also a matter of concern.

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Although the young person think rebellion is an act of independence, It’s actually never is. It is really an act of dependency. Rebellion causes the young person to defend self-definition and personal conduct on doing the opposite of what other people want.


Adolescent rebellion is a complex phenomenon of adolescent studied by developmental psychology, with many historical interpretations from religion and philosophy. It generally manifests itself as conflict during a critical period of human development in which humans because autonomous, and commit to an identity, or sense of self


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