I have chosen to do Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) for my annotated bibliography because I wanted to learn more about all the causes, symptoms and how each person who experiences with PSTD can impact their day to day daily life functions. I personally have Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder after experiencing two traumatic events that happened to me during the summer of July 2015 and July 2017. But mostly I want to learn more of the methods that doctors uses to diagnosed someone with PSTD. I didn’t get formally diagnosed with PSTD, but I still developed the causes and symptoms after experiencing these traumatic events and I would like to learn more about PSTD. Overall, I am interested in learning more about PTSD and what it does to a person’s ability or how it can affect the brain in a person’s everyday life or even the impacts it does to a person after going through traumatic events. It is very interesting to realize how everyone can develop PTSD from experiencing or watching traumatic events but also how to see the different impacts on this topic.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is an anxiety disorder that is caused after watching or experiencing going through stressful, frightening and or distressing traumatic events. Some people may experience or relives through a few or all the symptoms after being diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder like nightmares and flashbacks. And some may experience feelings such as isolation, guilt or irritability. People with PTSD may have problems with sleeping, such as insomnia, concentrating in schools or symptoms often can be severe and persistent that it can impacts their day to day lifestyles. Some causes of PTSD can include, serious road accidents, abuses growing up such as assaults, sexually abused, birth trauma and much more. But these symptoms can come all at once or at different times. It may also start to come after a few weeks to three months after experiencing these traumatic events. Overall, a person with PSTD may or may not experience these symptoms or may not know that they have symptoms at all. It’s different for everyone who goes through Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Flanagan, J. C., Hand, A., Jarnecke, A. M., Moran-Santa Maria, M. M., Brady, K. T., & Joseph, J. E. (2018). Effects of oxytocin on working memory and executive control system connectivity in posttraumatic stress disorder. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 26(4), 391–402.
The reason why I chose this article is because I thought it was interesting to see how doctors wanted to research how medication such as Oxytocin would affect the patient’s working memory and connectivity through the control system and how it can change the behaviour quickly. But also, it’s interesting to see all these methods are proactively researched to find an accurate result to the brain activity though the patient’s with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
In the article, “Effects of Oxytocin on Working Memory and Executive Control System Connectivity in Posttraumatic Focus Disorder” by Jane E. Joseph, stated that PSTD is a chronic condition that demonstrates through the cognitive changes through the behaviour of the affected role ‘s mentality by picking medicine such as Oxytocin. She wanted to find cogent evidence on how efficient it would be, if a affected role took Oxytocin to help treat PSTD. The purpose that she was hoping to see was being able to get a flavor of what happens to patient being prescribed to Oxytocin and how it would work on a working memory of the head through cognitive nous action but also through the control condition system of connectivity, especially through behaviour changes. Joseph stated that patient role who took Oxytocin had twice as better effect than other medicine because of the results of impacted damage of the connectivity to the brain. Method acting s Joseph used was the Scientific Method to identify the problem with affected role’ brainpower who have PSTD. She wanted to conduct enquiries to identify the problem, formulate a hypothesis such as the connectivity through the working brain, test the hypothesis through MRI examination’s, analyze the information through the results of the MRI’s testing’s, interpret the data through the medication and then publish the results to have test copy that Oxytocin can be prescribed to work as an proactive medication to the patient with PSTD. Joseph also used the experimental group to see if affected role cognitive brain natural action would work better than other patients who doesn’t have medications such as Oxytocin. The other research method acting she used was correlational study to see if it can be proven to have impact though the brain activity to control the system of a patient’s behaviour by taking these types of medications. Overall, Joseph concluded that affected role ‘s with PSTD who take Pitocin for drastic changes in the brain connectivity to change the demeanor in the control condition system, had two fourth dimension better of results than a patient who is on any types of medicine like Oxytocin, And so the experimental and correlation studies worked for Joseph because she has proven that Oxytocin does have significant changes to a patient’s brain connectivity to change the behaviour in the control system for patients with PSTD.
Silverstein, M. W., Lee, D. J., Seligowski, A. V., & Worley, C. (2018). Functional impairment: The role of posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, negative mood regulation, and interpersonal problems. Traumatology.
Reasonableness why I chose this article is mainly because it’s interesting how the role of symptoms with Posttraumatic stress disorder can relate to negative mood regulation and interpersonal problems but also how treatment can be proven to help a patient with PTSD with their negative conduct ‘s or other entailment through drastic changes such as functional impairments between someone who has symptoms whether more or less with PTSD.
In the article” Functional Impairments: The Role of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms, Negative Mood Regulations, and Interpersonal Problems: by Courtney Worley stated that is associated with impairment functions through behavioural problems such as mood swings, etc. The methods that Worley used was descripted survey to see what every patient most stressful situation is regards of their PTSD. She was looking for age, race and ethnicity for each patient’s questionnaires. Worley was looking for five areas of symptoms that patients reexperiences such as interpersonal impacting the patients. Overall, her application towards her results were accurate.
Lamp, K. E., Avallone, K. M., Maieritsch, K. P., Buchholz, K. R., ; Rauch, S. A. M. (2018). Individual and group cognitive processing therapy: Effectiveness across two veterans affairs posttraumatic stress disorder treatment clinics. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy.
I choose this article for reasons that relate to cognitive processing therapy because of the potency that can impact person and or radical of patients with PSTD.
“In the article, Individual and group cognitive processing therapy: Effectiveness Across Two Veterans Affairs Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Treatment Clinic” by Shelia Ranch stated that cerebral brain analysis can relate to PTSD but also to the therapy groups such as rehabilitations. In relation with all the symptoms that she is referring to as if someone how low and high results of scoring in different areas. The methods the author is using is contact comparison by comparing two patients with PTSD by placing them into either group therapy or individual settings, to see what their results are for the different symptoms that the patients may occur after experiencing traumatic events. Ranch also used experimental design to determine the cause and effect of symptoms between two people who are diagnosed with PTDS. Including using independent variables to change the effects by observing and measuring the results of the data base of the symptoms from the patients. The results showed that they were independent variables between the two patient’s symptoms. It associated with the quantitative data as well as qualitive data. For example, Ranch used data that represented numbers, statistics, and percentages through surveys and graphs. And for the qualitive data, she used data to represent through interviews, focus groups, and text analysis.