Hinduism:TheHindus believe in ‘KARMA’ which has profound effect on their ideal andpractices. Karma is thought that all physical and mental activity is areflection of greater cosmic process. It is also the idea that a personbehaviour leads to an appropriate award or punishment, essentially a personbecomes good through good action and therefore bad through bad actions. Karmaalso explains the variances of human personality and development as it must bea result of their deeds in past lives or this life. How a person lives his lifewill affect the reincarnation process. Hinduism belief in the cycle of life,death and rebirth.
One can be born again to all forms of animal life and iscontingent upon the actions and deeds of the previous life. Hinduism has awidespread acceptance of the idea of rebirth, death is not viewed as a passageto eternal life but as a transition to another no state of existence ispermanent only as long as one’s karma prevents a person can stop the cycle whenthey reach ‘MOKSHA’. Theword Moksha is described as liberation and it is said to be a state free fromsuffering and sorrow, the final release from material existence closeness withthe ultimate reality or universal spirit to take place in this existence.
Onewho receives Moksha is in a state of unlimited being awareness and bliss inwhich limitations of one’s individuality and personality are transcended.Moksha is the ultimate goal of the Hindu people. Buddhism:Buddhaaccepted the basic Hindu doctrines of reincarnation and karma, as well as thenotion that the ultimate goal of the religious life is to escape the cycle ofdeath and rebirth. Buddha asserted that what keeps bound to the death/rebirthprocess is desire, desire in the sense of wanting or craving anything in theworld.
Hence, the goal of getting off the Ferris wheel of reincarnationnecessarily involves freeing oneself from desire. Nirvana is the Buddhist termfor liberation. Nirvana literally means extinction, and it refers to theextinction of all craving, an extinction that allows one to become liberated. InBuddhism, as well as in Hinduism, life in a corporeal body is viewednegatively, as the source of all suffering.
Hence, the goal is to obtainrelease. In Buddhism, this means abandoning the false sense of self so that thebundle of memories and impulses disintegrates, leaving nothing to reincarnateand hence nothing to experience pain.Judaism:TraditionalJudaism firmly believes that death is not the end of human existence. However,because Judaism is primarily focused on life here and now rather than on theafterlife, Judaism does not have much dogma about the afterlife, and leaves agreat deal of room for personal opinion.
Itis possible for an Orthodox Jew to believe that the souls of the righteous deadgo to a place similar to the Christian heaven, or that they are reincarnatedthrough many lifetimes, or that they simply wait until the coming of themessiah, when they will be resurrected. Likewise, Orthodox Jews can believethat the souls of the wicked are tormented by demons of their own creation, orthat wicked souls are simply destroyed at death, ceasing to exist.Islamic:Death, inIslam and in all Divine Religions, is nothing more than a transition. It islike a passage through which you enter another world higher and more advancedthan the present one. It is therefore, a birth to an eternal life.From theIslamic point of view, there are at least three different interconnected stagesof life. Each one comes after the other.
Also, each one is more perfect thanthe one before. The first is the world of matter in which we are living withboth our body and soul. The second is named the world of Barzakh (intermediate)which is the world of souls with a certain type of body similar to our physicalbody. The third and the final world is the Hereafter in which every soul willunite with its original worldly body.The world of matter is theplace of action.
The third world, i.e. the Hereafter, in contrast, is the worldof reward and/or punishment. As a matter of fact, the Hereafter is thereflection of the world of matter. Here and Hereafter are, therefore, differentinterconnected stages of life. The world of Barzakh is like a small version ofthe Day of Judgment in which the souls of humans (and perhaps the jinn) willreceive their temporary rewards or punishment. During that period their worldlyactions – good or evil- will possibly grow until the Day of Judgment Christianity:Christianbeliefs about the afterlife vary between denominations and individualChristians, but vast majority of Christians believe in some kind of heaven, inwhich believers enjoy the presence of God and other believers and freedom fromsuffering and sin.
Most of the Christians follow the idea that Jesus died onthe cross for the sins (immoral acts) of humanity, so that we could achievesalvation. There are references of heaven and hell in the Bible. It is clearlystated that those who do not follow and believe in Jesus will ultimately end upin hell, while those who do will achieve salvation and end up in heaven. In theBible it is explained that there is a time to be born, and a time to die. Initially,most Christian favored burial of the dead body but today both cremation andburial are practiced by Christians. Whether it is burial or cremation, thereare many rituals that Christians practice for the deceased