Health system in Jordan is considered as one of the most modern systems in the region (WHO, 2006).
The main components of the complex health system in Jordan are public sector, private sector and donors. The public sector is composed of three main divisions: Ministry of Health (MOH), Royal Medical Services (RMS), and university-based programs including Jordan University Hospital (JUH) in Amman and King Abdullah Hospital (KAH) in Irbid (WHO, 2006). Since Jordan is hosting massive number of Syrian, Iraqi, and Palestinian refugees; health services are provided to refugees by MOH and RMH beside several donors such as United Nations Relief Works Agency (UNRWA) which runs mostly community health centers that provide comprehensive health care to eligible refugee population including preventive, curative, and family planning services (Musa T. Ajlouni, 2010). The following chart shows the organization of Jordanian health system.In 2010, the budget of Jordanian MOH consumed around 7.9% (JD 460.
1 Million) of the government’s general budget. The 53.1% of the total government’s health expenditures in 2008 which were spent on MOH represents only 25.8 percent of national expenditures on health (Musa T. Ajlouni, 2010).
Jordanian MOH is being financed mainly through government budget (76%), insurance premiums from Civil Health Insurance enrollees (11%), and the rest through user charges and donors (Musa T. Ajlouni, 2010).Jordan is a tiny middle eastern country with poor natural resources and limitedfresh water supplies even it is considered one of the 10 most water stressed countries worldwide (WHO, 2006).
Jordan’s population has largely enlarged over the last decade from 5.32 in 2004 to 6.10 in 2010 and jumped to 10.29 million in 2018 (WHO, 2006; Musa T. Ajlouni, 2010; Department of Statistics, 2017). Literacy rate in Jordan increased from 90 in 2005 to 93 in 2010 (WHO, 2006; Musa T.
Ajlouni, 2010). Life Expectancy rate increased from 71.4 in 2004 to 73.0 in 2010 with little difference in relation to gender (Musa T. Ajlouni, 2010; WHO, 2006).