The name of globalization is well known and the term globalization is fairly new. Many people believe that this word of globalization is intrinsically ” good ” while others believe that globalization is inherently ” bad ” and others also assert that intrinsically it is bad and not bad. Therefore, globalization has both positive and negative effects.
Globalization is a state where there is no longer a boundary between people in the world to interact with each other and build relationships, and no longer have the boundaries of ideas. But so far globalization itself does not yet have a clear and complex definition. The word globalization comes from a foreign language meaning “globalization” taken from the word “global” which means universal. The explanation of globalization also varies but within the same scope of meaning.
There are several views on globalization as new phenomena to new technologies such as cell phones, internet, and satellite. Others see globalization as an extension of a sustainable process that encompasses the whole of human history.
According to the International expert Steger, this globalization refers to a series of multidimensional social processes that, creating, multiplying, stretching, or identifying social interactions across the world and exchanging and fostering greater awareness to deepen local and nonlocal relationships.
Other scholars use the term deterritorialization. It is this term that puts forward the idea of globalization of the world, many social activities and exchanges can also take place without the need for any geography that functions as a constraint. The classic example of this deterritorialization term is the internet.
I will also explain about globalization according to some national and international experts which are as follows:
1. According to Selo Soemardjan
Globalization is a process of establishing communication systems and inter-community organizations around the world. The goal of globalization is to follow certain rules and systems such as the United Nations and the OIC.
2. According to Malcolm Waters
Globalization is a social process that has the effect of geographical restrictions on socio-cultural conditions is no longer or less important and does not become in the consciousness of people.
According to Scholte, there are several definitions of globalization that are intended by people as follows:
1. Internationalization: Increasing international relations.
2. Liberalization: The decreasing of boundaries between countries.
3. Universalization: The more spread of material and nonmaterial to the world.
4. Westernization: One form of universalization that spread the mind and culture of the West that is so globalized.
5. Transplanetary and Suprateritarianity: From the fourth explanation above, the four explanations are very different from this fifth explanation, because in the first to fourth definitions each still explains the state still maintains its ontology status while in this fifth explanation explains that the global world has its own ontology status not merely a combination of these countries.
Globalization not only has a positive impact on Indonesia but also has a negative impact on Indonesia as well. Therefore, we as a nation of Indonesia should be able to take advantage of the positive impact optimally and throw away all the negative effects of globalization. It is only for the sake of the Indonesian people so that our nation is better for the future. Here I explain the positive and negative impacts of globalization on the nation of Indonesia as follows:
Positive Impacts of Globalization
In this information disclosure, globalization can create or open access to get some information that is getting wide open, people can also get in various information from many media like television, radio, internet, social media, and so on. With this is the community increasingly critical, open, and intelligent. This is a positive impact of globalization on the Indonesian nation.
Communication is Quick and Easy
Currently in the era of globalization has been long enough, people prefer to use the medium of communication is fast and easy that is by phone, internet, or social media.
Development of Science and Technology
Globalization allows humans to study as high as overseas as in the United States and Europe. And when it is finished to study there is expected for them to apply and apply knowledge in Indonesia.
The Economy is Growing Rapidly
We can see that from the trade balance is quite good because the value of exports and imports is relatively balanced. In addition, Indonesia has always been glimpsed by the international community as the best place to invest especially for the mining, agriculture and textile industries.
Changing Values and Attitudes
The existence of modernization and globalization in this culture causes the shift of attitudes and values of all irrational society to be rational.
Better Life Level
At this time the level of life in Indonesia has been better than before. With the opening of an industry that produces sophisticated communication and transportation tools nowadays, it is one of the efforts to reduce our performance which can be considered unemployed and can improve people’s lives.
Positive Impacts of Globalization in Various Fields
Positive Impacts of Globalization on Social and Cultural Affairs
I. Increased learning on social and cultural values, a way of life, good mindset, and science and technology of the developed nation.
II. Increased job opportunities are high, like to work hard, discipline, and have soul independence, sportsmanship, rational and so on.
Positive Impact of Globalization on the Field of Defense, Law, and Security
I. Enforcement of demands on professional, accountable, and transparent law enforcement duties.
II. The enforcement of legislation is impartial and beneficial to the interests of the people who are quite a lot.
III. Strengthening the rule of law, democratization, and demands on the implementation of human rights.
IV. The strengthening of civil supremacy by placing soldiers and police as security guards, etc.
Positive Impacts of Globalization on Economic Sectors of Trade Sector
I. Liberalization in trade in goods, services, and other commodities provides an opportunity for Indonesia to participate in competing in seizing foreign trade markets, mainly on agricultural products, marine products, textile products and other mining products.
Negative Impacts of Globalization
Much of the spread of western culture is one of the negative effects of globalization. If it’s okay, it’s okay, it’s okay to imitate it, but if it’s bad it should not be imitated. The reality at this time has a lot of western cultures that many uses in the Indonesian nation and also rarely people who want to preserve the culture of Indonesia itself.
Such rapid development makes the provision of goods needs of the community more abundant. That’s how people are easily attracted to consumer goods with a variety of options available.
People feel easy because of the advanced technology that makes them feel no longer need other people in the activity. Sometimes they forget that they are social beings.
In a community, there are only a few individuals who can follow the flow of globalization. Therefore, it will deepen the gap between individuals and individuals who do not move or just the road in place only. This can lead to social inequalities.
Not all the information that comes to us is good, even there is also information that is not good and not in accordance with our own personality. Therefore, globalization must be balanced by the Spiritual Quotient.
4.Negative Impacts of Globalization
It is the attitude of secularism that is more concerned with worldly interests and ignores religious values.
Inhibit the growth of the industrial sector.
More easily influenced by things that are not in accordance with the habits or culture in a country.
The emergence of a lavish lifestyle and extravagant because of its status as a person in the community is measured by the wealth alone.
I will also have a negative impact on various fields including the following:
5.Negative Impacts of Globalization in the Field of Defense, Law, and Security
The community has a role in maintaining the sovereignty, security, and order of the state that is getting less and this is the responsibility of the police and the army.
The changing world is getting faster, which is able to influence the mindset of the people globally. This is the nature of society is pragmatism, primitive, hedonism, and consumerism.
6.Negative Impacts of Globalization on Social and Cultural Affairs
Reduce our appreciation of local cultural values that have given rise to the following lifestyle, individualism (self-centeredness).
The dullness of the spirit to work together, caring, and solidarity in certain circumstances.
Easy of Western values that go to Indonesia either through social media, television, or print media which at this time many in imitations by the people of Indonesia.
7.Negative Impacts of Economic Globalization of the Trade Sector
Includes foreign trade causing the national trade deficit.
Widespread smuggling of goods to Indonesia.
The inclusion of tourist to Indonesia can dilute the noble value of a nation.
8.Negative Impacts of Economic Globalization of the Production Sector
There are environmental damage and industrial waste pollution.
9.Negative Impacts of Globalization in the Field of Media
The emergence of pornography and porn action.
The emergence of a materialistic attitude, an increasingly consumptive lifestyle, and an instant mentality.
10.Negative Impacts of Organization Globalization and International Relations
The emergence of a sense of global injustice that is influences on the attitude of international social apathy.
In my opinion about the impact of globalization that happens that globalization today is influences in the lives of people because globalization provides a great change to the aspects of a life of the surrounding community. Society itself is demanded by globalization to always follow it, but this has developed the human mindset due to the development of technology in every aspect of life, globalization is also inseparable from the name of technology. Technology is also growing rapidly so as to bring about a new revolution.
Perhaps we think the globalization is not important for a better life change, but over time we can take only positive things for globalization and globalization itself is inevitable. The era of globalization does unite all the cultures of this world, but we still cannot abandon the norms and characteristics of our own nation as Indonesia. And we also have to defend it although sometimes at this time a lot of young people who have imitated Western cultures ranging from by dressing, thinking, and so forth.
They think that by following Western culture will be the more modern impression but without them realize they also abandon what they already have initially the values / cultural norms of their own. At this time our religious values have been weakened because here globalization has a materialistic, secularistic, and liberal nature. Globalization always gives the wrong perception that globalization really should uphold freedom. But what happens if we uphold freedom without rules, values, and morals.
Globalization is associated with modernization and modernism. Characteristic of modernization and modern man is seen from the level of thinking, science, and technology, and attitudes toward the use of time and appreciation of the work of man, the movement of globalization is always followed by social changes flowing from higher levels of thought to a lower level of thinking because this globalization aims to change the perception of a traditional society into a modern society or can we call the ” modernization “. Modernization is a deliberate change.
Globalization, in my opinion, is very important for our better lives. Life cannot be separated by the change. Change arises because of the human desire that has no limit and always growing. Indonesia’s response to globalization is an opportunity and a challenge. The opportunity means that every individual has the same opportunity to take advantage of the situation and conditions in meeting the needs of a better life, and the challenge means that every individual is given the opportunity to compete and demonstrate ability.