Factors that influence wound dressing and healingIntroductionWound healing is the restorative response to tissue damage.
There are many factors that influence wound healing like the dressing and how it cares. The common wounds in hospitals are like venous insufficiency ulcer, pressure ulcers, diabetic foot ulcers, non-healing surgical wounds, arterial ulcers and traumatic wounds. The way wound dressings are done and what products used affects how wounds heal. The wound dressing products should enhance the healing of the specific wound injury like how foam dressings are good for pressure sores. This review is to reinforce and assess the factors that wound dressing techniques and dressing products affect how to wound the healed.
With different types of dressings can affect one’s wound healing, the time it takes to heal and how it protects the wound.This review is relevant to nursing as nurses are the first line of defense to wound management in the hospital as they are the first to act and to prevent the wound from getting worse or progress into pressure sore. A nursing professional is held responsible before the wound gets worse as it’s under their patient care.
Thus this review is to compare the dressing techniques and dressings products for the right wounds.Usage of wound dressing products for wound dressingsMost simple and complex wound dressings are usually done by healthcare professionals in the hospital. Applying a dressing is a reflective task rather than a mechanical as theoretical knowledge related to skin physiology and the wound dressings products (Medeiros et al.
) In a study conducted in Brazil by (Santos et al) most commonly treated type of injury is vascular ulcers accounting 74.1% of wounds often treated with dressing changes with successive changes of tropical treatment which require frequent and exhausting care for several years but still achieve optimal healing. Using questionnaire containing questions related patients wounds treated and products available. A study conducted by Bettenworth et al about monitoring of wound healing in Vitro with Digital Holographic Microscopy. Using Caco-2 cells with EGF or mitomycin c which improves epithelial wound healing compared with other control cells. Digital Holographic Microscopy is to assess the wound healing to determine the cellular changes.
The wound treatments products, bandaging is performed with the development of education to enhance results of wounds healing. Differences in wound care techniques A study of descriptive, prospective, quantitative nature, Medeiros et al cleansing the wound its condition and the tissue preparatory stage that minimize tissue trauma. The data was collected in excel files and presented in the format of tables with non-participant observation using wound dressing procedures. The best technique is cleansing with damped gaze pressed or rubbed over the wound.
This practice is used with irrigation and closed wounds first thing with the purpose of removing dirt. A study by Santos et al to characterize care for patients in primary care about treating patients wounds with bandages. The wound is clean with simple irrigation with saline, antiseptics in wound care has the concern about its toxicity but only in large doses. The wound care requires daily dressing change which increased the risk of infections and patients discomfort. It’s the nurse’s responsibility to monitor the wound healing of patients Comparing Medeiros et al studies comparing nursing students and nursing professionals about wound dressing procedures.
The nursing students had better hand-washing and single movements for wound cleansing than nursing professionals with 23 out of 24 students cleansed their hands and with 19 doing correctly (79.2%) while 12 out of 14 nursing professionals that were observed did it, only 5 of them did it correctly (35.7%) which can elevate risk of infections and time of wound healing. 23 out of 24 (95.8%) students perform wound cleansing in the correct sequence (least infected to most infected) and only 11 out of 14 (78.6%) followed the sequence.
The performance of wound dressing needs to be in the recommended guidelines as it induces the best healing for wounds in terms of techniques including knowledge on how wound dressing techniques. It is fundamental to follow the correct steps of the wound dressing to prevent contamination thus the nursing professionals should keep themselves up to date with wound management skills and the students should be supervised closely to value-add their learning toward wound healing.In Conclusion I learned that in order for good accelerating wound healing we would both need the correct wound dressing techniques and products as with the correct wound dressing techniques, there will be a decrease in the risk of contaminations to the wound site. The knowledge of wound dressing is also important as with the right dressing it is possible to quicken up recovery. Nurses must be equipped with the knowledge of wound care as it is important to be the first line of defense to prevent pressure ulcers or other wounds to be even worst and thus keeping up with the latest technologies for healing like the Digital Holographic Microscopy can make a huge difference in patient’s wounds healing which can reduce the amount of time and money spent by the patient Nurses needs to learn the ideal cleansing, caring of patient’s privacy and principles of asepsis techniques.
Knowledge of wounds prevention can also be a great help in a sense that it can stop diabetic foot ulcers and pressure sores altogether. Patient’s education about their wounds can also prevent such cases from happening and thus reducing the cost of wound products.