Early Nez Perce, but the actual tribe doesn’t

Early history of the Native Americans
in my Counties

            In my first
essay I’m going to talk about the Nez Perce, Shoshone and Bannock, and the
Paiute Native American Tribes. They lived in my area, which is Boise County,
Payette County, Gem County, and Washington County. Get ready to see how these
tribes lived back then.   

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            The first
tribe I’m talking about is the Nez Perce. The Nez Perce tribes name means
“pierced nose.” The US government calls them by Nez Perce, but the actual tribe
doesn’t refer to themselves that way. The people of the Nez Perce tribe are descendants
of the ancient Cordilleran Culture of 5500 BC. The people of the Nez Perce
speak an endangered language called Niimiipuutiimt, but not a lot of people use
this language. The Nez Perce people use a bow and arrow for a weapon and a
leather shield for protection. Their houses were holes in the ground with a
covering over them. They would have to build little huts on hunting trips.

            The tribe
I’m going to talk about next is the Shoshone Bannock.  The tribe mostly lived in the southern part of
Idaho. This tribe will sometimes call themselves the Panati. Over half of the
tribe, live in the Fort Reservation Hall.  There are an estimated 1,200 lodges and a population
of about 8,000 people a part of the tribe.   The people
of the tribe are fishers, hunters, gathers, and they would move the tribe to different
places where food was available.  


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One important person in the tribe was Sacagawea. She was interrupter
for Lewis and Clark on their expedition.

            The next
tribe I’m going to talk about is the Paiute. The women of the tribe are highly
skilled in basket weaving.  The baskets
are used in everyday life of this tribe. The people of the tribe were in a constant
search for food. The men of this tribe were not very good at hunting, but that didn’t
stop them from doing it. They used a bow and arrow for hunting.  Because the tribe was not rich in their possessions,
they were not robbed that often from other tribes.




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