During the 1660s and the 1700s all thirteen English colonies faced major challenges in order to gain their independence. The French and Indian War from 1702 to1750, and The American Revolutionary War from 1775 to 1783 were just some of the events that took place during this time period. The French and Indian War and the Seven Years War both gave the British vast provincial gains in North America, but due to all of the disputes and protests from the colonist from the debt of the wars and raising taxes to pay it off, led them to the American Revolution War.
The French and Indian War was part of the Seven Years War that began over the debate whether the Ohio River Valley was a part of the British Empire. They fought for control of North America and the rich fur trade. Warfare took a physical and spiritual toll on the British colonist. British towns located on the border between New England and New France experienced intermittent raiding by French-allied Native Americans. The French had several forts to try and gain strength in order to claim the territory. France was at a disadvantage, because it was hard to send troops and supplies to the New France colonies in North America. Britain had a strong Navy and commanded the seas, partially because it controlled overseas trade exchanges between the thirteen colonies and other countries.
Britain seized French merchant ships and attacked the weak and vulnerable French colonies. France, outnumbered by the high-volume of British settlers, allied with the Seven Nations of Canada and the North American Algonquin Indian tribe and relied heavily on their Native Indian allies for support. When the British settled in Virginia, they signed a peace treaty with the Algonquin tribe. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War between Great Britain and France.
The American Revolution War was created by a series of laws passed between 1763 and 1775 that regulating trade and taxes. It caused tensions between colonists and imperial officials, who made it clear that the British Parliament would not address American complaints that the new laws were acceptable. British did not wish to respond to American demands for change, which allowed the colonists to argue that they were part of a corrupt empire in which their freedom and religions were threatened. They fought back because this was done without their consent. After being in debt after the Seven Years War, the Sugar Act of 1764 was passed which was an attempt to get merchants to pay an already existing duty, but the Stamp Act created a new, direct (or “internal”) tax. Parliament had never before directly taxed the colonists. Instead, colonies contributed to the empire through the payment of indirect, “external” taxes, such as customs duties.
Unlike the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act was passed in March 1765 and it stated that all documents printed on paper required a stamp to show the duty had been paid, including newspapers, pamphlets, diplomas, legal documents, and even playing cards. These acts were both passed as an effort to recover its economy from the debt that Britain was in. This situation served as a platform for the Declaration of Independence of 1776, which stated that all men were created equal and have basic human rights given to them by God. Once the Declaration of Independence was approved, it was confirmed the separation of the thirteen North American British colonies from Great Britain.
The French and Indian War and The American Revolution placed a huge impact on the colonies with the British as they turned on the English colonies. It took several measures to dominate the events that took place in order to regain their control of their freedom and economy and new land. The Revolutionary War changed the world in so many ways. The United States became a separate country from England, and the laws of the King and England no longer applied the US. After the war, they lost lots of money and trade, especially in the states. The soldiers who made it through the war ended up with little or no money because they were hardly receiving pay for serving.