Diffusion vinegar passing the through the membrane

Diffusion and Osmosis Lab Journal
1. APR Lab
Plasma membranes are composed of many proteins and have a phospholipid bilayer. These proteins form pores and channels, which allow things to pass through the membrane. Cholesterol helps stabilize the membrane while carbohydrate molecules recognize different cells. Moving molecules using active transport requires energy. An example would be riding your bike up a hill. Passive transport requires no energy from the cell. An example would be coasting down hill on a bike.
2. Osmosis Lab
Before starting the experiment I measured the circumference of the egg, which was 5.5 inches. The shell was intact and smooth. The first step of the osmosis lab was to submerge and egg in vinegar for 72 hours. Immediately after placing the egg in the vinegar bubbles formed on the outside of the shell and the egg floated. Over the next few days the shell slowly dissolved. The dissolving and flaking of the shell is an example of passive transport because no force was used to break off the shell. By the end of the 72 hours, the pieces of the shell were floating on top of the vinegar and only the thin membrane was left. The egg had absorbed more fluid and now had a circumference of 6 inches. The vinegar passing the through the membrane into the egg is an example of diffusion.
Next, I put the egg in a cup full of corn syrup, which has a low osmotic pressure. While the egg was in the corn syrup it lost fluid and shriveled. Going from a higher concentration of water to a lower one requires energy, this is an example of active transport. I then placed the shriveled egg into a cup of water. The water was able to pass through the membrane of the egg and cause it to swell up again giving the egg a larger concentration of water. This is an example of concentration gradient.
3. Ph.I.L.S Lab
The red blood cell swelled up when I placed it into the hypotonic solution. The hypertonic solution caused the red blood cell to shrink because it lost water. While the red blood cell was in the isotonic solution it did not shrink nor swell. It stayed the same size because the cell did not loose nor gain water. The transmittance value remained 100 while the range was 0-50 and at 10 while the range was 220-240.

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