CHAPTER2THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK ANDRESEARCH METHODOLOGY 2.1 Review of Related ForeignLiterature and Case Studies 2.1.1Project Title: Xi’an Greenhouse Project Location: Xi’an China Fig.
184.108.40.206 Render of Xi’an Greenhousein ChinaThe Xi’an greenhousehas a horseshoe plan, creating a loop that changes radically in section toaccommodate a series of unique planting and spatial conditions as seen in Fig.220.127.116.11.
The shape generates an interior open-air courtyard that serves as itsnatural centre which creates a three-dimensional web of interior and exteriorcirculation.The project is a 37hectares International Horticultural Expo and park landscape that is composedof a 5,000 sq. m.
Creativity Center, a 4,000 sq.m. Greenhouse and a 3,500 sq.m. Guangyun Entrance Bridge. The location of thebuilding is located near the lake while is blended into the hillside. The Xi’an Greenhouse is one of the maintourist attractions in China that aims to reconnect its people with nature. Itoffers various activities that will cater its users as they enjoy a cool greenspace to explore.
Plasma Studio, an architectural firm based in Beijing,designed the greenhouse project which was established after the design won froma competition in Xi’an International Horticultural Exposition 2011. 2.1.
2 Project Title: EdenProject Project Location: Cornwall, England Fig. 2.1.
2.1 Semi Aerial View ofEden ProjectThe Eden Project as shown in Fig.18.104.22.168 is located in a reclaimed Kaolinite Pit. The complex has two largeenclosures consisting of adjoining domes and emulates a natural biome. Thebiomes consist of hundreds of hexagonal and pentagonal shapes that is made ofinflated, plastic cells supported by steel frames.
There are two covered biomes at thebottom of the pit. The tropical biome is used for tropical plants such asfruiting banana plants, coffee, rubber and giant bamboo, and is kept at atropical temperature and moisture level that covers 1.56 hectares of land.Another, is the Mediterranean Biome that covers 0.654 hectares which housesfamiliar warm temperature and arid plants. Covered Biomes are made from tubularsteel with hexagonal external cladding patterns made from thermoplastic ETFE.
To avoid accidents and dangers, glass was avoided due to its weight. The cladding panels themselves arecreated from several layers of thin UV-transparent ETFE film, which are sealed aroundtheir perimeter and inflated to create alarge cushion. The resulting cushion acts as a thermal blanket to thestructure.
The ETFE material is resistant to most stains, which simply wash offin the rain. 2.1.
3 Project Title:Syngenta RTP Innovation Center Project Location: Research TrianglePark, North Carolina Fig. 2.1.
3.1 Landscape View ofSyngenta RTP Innovation CenterThe Syngenta RTP Innovation Centeraims on enabling crop research to be more ready in solving the agriculturalchallenges faced by growers worldwide. An advanced crop lab is connecteddirectly to the building which provides variety of innovations in growingenvironments. The centre has 207,000 square ft.biotechnology research environment facilities. In Figure 2.1.
3.2, glass growingchambers are installed in the 136,000 sq. ft.
Advanced Crop Lab that offers theability to control all environmental variables.A ribbon of community space runs through the centre of the complex, maximizinginteraction and connection among science teams, administrative groups, andvisiting partners. Fig. 2.1.
3.2Syngenta Advanced Crop LabThe Advanced Crop Labhelps to further study traits that help crops better tolerate climatevariability, combat plant stressors and improve yield in corn, soybeans andsugar cane. It also will support new research in cereals, rice and vegetables. Morethan 80 percent of this project’s construction materials were recycled. 2.2 Review of RelatedLocal Literature and Case Studies 2.2.1 Project Title: SunchampAgri-Tourism Park Project Location: Rosario, Batangas Fig.
22.214.171.124 Aerial View ofSunchamp Agri-Tourism Park, Batangas Figure 126.96.36.199 shows the arial view ofSunchamp Agri-Tourism Park located at Rosario, Batangas.
The concept of thisproject is combining farming that offers agricultural tour with tourism. The 145hectare self-sustaining agriculture-tourism park not only seeks to empowerfarmers on having guaranteed market for their produce but also to uniquelybring tourism. The project developers aim to develop a park that is open fortourists who could get a closer educational look at agricultural processesthrough its facilities. There are various facilities includinga greenhouse, farms for mango, mahogany and asparagus, an orchid nursery and aBritish Palace Maze Garden shown in Figure 2.2.
1.2. The greenhouse facilitiesare designed for high value crops like lettuce, bell pepper, tomato, andspices. Fig. 2.
2.1.2 Aerial View ofSunchamp Agri-Tourism Park’s Maze GardenA research and development center forcarabao mango and cacao production was also opened to guests. The park also hasan open events area with a seating capacity of 50-200 people, an antique houseenclosed by a thicket of mahogany that serves as the museum, accommodations andoffers children educational tour activities like Vermicomposting, meetingexotic birds at the Aviary, pet animals in the Mini zoo, pick vegetables at thegreenhouses, learn about salted egg production and enjoy at the fish spa. Thedifferent and new perspective of an agri-tourism park and its amenities willattract tourist because of its unique concept. 2.2.2 Project Title: Peñalosa Farms Project Location: Victorias City,Negros Occidental Fig.
188.8.131.52 Normal Exterior Viewof PeñalosaFarmThe picture shown in Figure 184.108.40.206 isthe exterior view of a 40,000sq.m.
integrated farm in Victorias City, Negros Occidentalknown as Peñalosa Farms that is owned by a farmer namedRamon “Mon” Peñalosa, Jr. This farmproduces various organic fruits, herbs and vegetables. It also raises its own probiotic based pork,chicken and other livestock.
The design of the building is inspired from aNative Filipino House with its capiz shell sliding windows and carved woodenelements. The farm is designed by Architect Michael Andrew Peñalosa, who is also the farm manager. There arevarious amenities and facilities available within the farm such as verticalgarden, Café Organico restaurant, hostel, pig pens, guesthouse, piggery, andchicken coop. 2.2.
3 Title: Creatinga Coffee Research, Development and Extension Center, Authorizingthe Appropriation of Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes – An Act introduced by “SenatorAnotonio “Sonny” F. Trillanes IV Location: Indang, Cavite Fig. 220.127.116.11Scanned document of the proposalThe proposal for coffee research,development and extension center aims to promote the coffee industry of theMunicipality of Indang in the Province of Cavite.
As a tribute for thegreatness of coffee, the town’s bountiful and chief harvests, the Cavite StateUniversity raised a campaign for the creation of the center. In the province, anew festivity is being promoted as a coffee feast celebration in Amadeo namely,Pahimis. The proposed center will be located atthe Cavite State University campus shown in Fig.18.104.22.168 in Indang, Cavite that will establishfacilities to promote the development of coffee industry in the Philippines.
Fig. 22.214.171.124Normal view of Cavite State University CampusAccording to the act proposal, thegeneral powers and function of the center direct to develop productive, highyielding, good quality varietys of coffee specifically Exelsa and Liberica, toproduce a gene bank for coffee, upgrade skills and conduct training programs.The Special Activities of thePhilippine President authorized the amount of 50,000,000 pesos for theoperation, maintenance, research, development, and extension activities. 2.3 Research ParadigmFig.
2.3.1 Input Process OutputResearch ParadigmTheFig.
2.3.1 shows that the research started by considering the SustainableDevelopment Goals and President Rodrigo Roa Duterte’s Ten Point SocioeconomicAgenda.
Agriculture and Rural Tourism are some of the budget priorities of thenational budget proposed by the current President Duterte. Articles and othersupporting details regarding the agri-tourism in the Philippines from differentsources are gathered and findings have focused on the coffee industry and therich culture of Sagada, Mountain Province. Different data about designtechnology and techniques are gathered and combined to innovate a greenbuilding design. Theinput represents the gathering of data from different articles and sourcesrelated to analyze thestudy. Evidences, related studies about the project, site and design analysisare some of the details done in process phase that are filtered and combined asfinal solution for the proposed project. 2.4 Methods of Research The descriptive method is used on this study. It is used todescribe the characteristics and details of a population or a phenomenon.
This method is used through considering casestudies and related literature about the project. In descriptive method, the subject is being observed in acompletely natural and unchanged natural environment. The researcher observedthe behaviour of tourists and the cultural aspects of the community. This is togive respect to the tradition of the locals in the municipal.
Thistype of research describes what exists that may help the researcher to uncovernew data and information. The purpose of this research is to describe, observeand document the study. Case studies involve describing and interpretingevents, conditions, circumstances, or situations that are occurring in thepresent. Surveys are also conducted by giving brief interviews or discussionfrom the related persons that helped the researcher conclude and filter thisstudy. The proposed Ganduyan Pidlisan was developed by considering theinformation gathered from different aspects used in designing an agri-tourismcomplex.
2.5 Sources of Data 2.5.1 Primary Sources126.96.36.199 Mr. Robert L.
Pangod, Tourism Development PlanningDivision The MunicipalAgriculture Division Head Officer provided data regarding the number of tourismarrivals and shares awareness about Sagada’s natural wonders. 2.5.1.
2 Mr. Peter P. Ticag, AgricultureDivisionThe MunicipalAgriculture Division Officer gave a wide knowledge and data about the coffeeindustry, culture and tradition of Sagada and its locals. Helped to point out asuitable farm lands and site for the project.
Gave informationabout the spaces in planning and other aspects regarding coffee production. 188.8.131.52 Ms.
Connie Caloguedan C. Bolares,Planning and Development Provided data and informationabout the municipality of Sagada, Mountain Province. The municipal planning anddevelopment officer also referred persons who can help contribute to theresearch. Gave Sagada’s Comprehensive Land Use Plan and other details regardingthe municipality. 2.
5.2 Secondary Sources 2.5.2.
1 World Wide WebMost of theinformation is gathered from the internet. Data are sorted and are screened forthe concept of the study. Researched on the promotion coffee industry inSagada, Mountain Province on how can this help the locals of the municipalityand be an agri-tourism destination. 2.5.2.
2 NationalBuilding Code and other physical materialsProvided regulationsand explanations regarding the standards in designing adopted into law. Gaveconsiderations and ideas about designing an agri-tourism complex. 184.108.40.206 Articles Printed articles andrelated supporting details about the development of coffee industry in thePhilippines and the concept of the proposed project. 2.
6 Sampling Techniques UsedSimplerandom sampling technique was used in the application of the research. Randomsamples are used to avoid bias and other unwanted effects. Each member of the populationhas an equal and known chance of being selected including tourists, locals, headofficers, farmers and others randomly. The questions asked are about the coffee industry, culture, history,agriculture and tourism that are explained to the respondents to give themunderstanding on answering the survey and interview given. The gathered randomdata gave a wide knowledge on how these can help in designing and planning theproject. Considering the needs and wants of individuals could also give idea thatwill make the project unique by reflecting their place identity.Another method used is quotasampling technique where population is first segmented into mutually exclusivesub-groups. Judgementis used to select the subjects or units from each segment based on a specifiedproportion referring into class levels, gender, and socioeconomic status.
Thismethod allows the researcher to observe relationships between subgroups andcreates a controlled variable over populace. This also helps eliminate individuals that do not fit the concept neededin the study. 2.7 Data Gathering Procedure TheTen Point Socioeconomic Agenda of the Philippine President was firstresearched. The researcher discovered that promotion of rural tourism andagriculture is one of the agenda’s goals. Tourism makes an important part ofthe country’s economy growth together with the local growing coffee industry.
Business trends also gave the idea about connecting agriculture and tourism(Agri-Tourism), where farming can contribute as an educational and culturaltool to promote the municipal’s wonders and traditions while having leisuretime. The study is about promoting the Municipal of Sagada, Mountain Provinceas a tourist destination and to help the community by increasing employmentopportunities. Themethods used in gathering data for this research is mostly from conductinginterviews from different locals, officers and people related to the project. 2.
8 Research Instruments Used 2.8.1Primary Instruments 220.127.116.11Interview Interviews from the locals and relatedprofessionals of the community played a huge role in this study. It helpsstrengthen the research and gives ideas on designing a proposal that has themunicipal’s unique identity by reflecting their culture and tradition. 2.
8.1.2ObservationAnalysis from the municipal and itsenvironment supplied the researcher ideas on designing and planning theproposal on the site. The behaviour of locals and tourists also affect on howthe design will cater the need of its users.
18.104.22.168DocumentsData and information given by severalreliable departments and offices such as the Planning and Development Office,Tourism Development Planning Office and Agriculture Office of the Municipalityof Sagada are used and copyrighted. 2.8.
2Secondary Instruments 22.214.171.124InternetThe internet is a powerful tool thatimproves the researcher’s ideas about the proposal by discovering relatedstudies and innovative designs. It also helped by providing data about theMunicipality of Sagada, Mountain Province. 2.8.
2.2Laptop and other gadgetsAs portable instruments, these helpedto continue the researcher working in different places. It helps on takingphotos, record notes and other data on spot anywhere. 126.96.36.199NewspaperNews updates about agriculture andtourism helped the researcher to come up with the idea. Articles and reportsregarding the problem were compiled to formulate and develop the proposal.