Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction It is extensively assumed that in modern society

Chapter 1
THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND

Introduction
It is extensively assumed that in modern society, in spite of its technological and scientific progress it is morally deficient. Violence is one of the most cited weak points in the society. Tremendous increase of violence is a reminder that at any given form, violence can invade the society at any moment.
Violence Against Women (VAW) is one of the most common violence emerging in the society. It is a major health problem and violation of women’s human right and perhaps the most shameful violation of human rights. Long time ago, women are invulnerable; responsibilities are less given to the women because in the society’s eye women are helpless, powerless, and weak. In this sense, gender inequality exists globally. As inequality continues, society cannot claim a progressive and peaceful society. Gender Equality is one of the fundamental stepping stone in achieving both human development and economic progress in the society (Kamrany, 2008).
Violence has many causes including frustration or anger, publicly exposed to violent content of media and other advertisement, exposure to unnecessary action to the home and neighborhood and proneness to other people’s violent reaction (Encyclopedia of Psychology, 2016). Violence Against Women may occur in numerous ways. Most of the violence is either physical or sexual violence; rape, physical assault and stalking continuously. Violence Against Women bound as well by physiological and emotional abuse (McCue, 2008). Majority of these are intimate made by current and former dates, spouses and partners. Society recognized men as superior than women, superior in many forms including to position, discrimination resulted to unequal protection, imbalances of power and consequently abuse (Sampa et. al, 2009).
According to the 57th session of the United Nation Commission on the Status of Women (UNCSW), growing recognition of violence to women has a large impact to one’s country’s image and progress. There is arising body of research evidence on levels of such violence, the significance of addressing the structural assessment and value to the women around the world is a great impact upon eliminating the violence against them, and addressing the factors and remedies to the victims and survival is a stepping stone for a new chapter of women’s book. Violence Against Women (VAW) are prevalent globally especially to the country’s who’s women are less important (Bustero, 2008).
The United Nation describes violence against women as any action of gender-based manipulation that embarked in all system. Different forms of VAW had experienced by women between aged of fifteen (15) to forty-nine (49) years old (NDHS, 2013). Out of one hundred percent (100%) women worldwide, seventy percent (70%) of overall women have been experiencing abuse and violence in all forms; thirty-five percent (35%) out of seventy percent (70%) are victims of physical abuse by their intimate partner, thirty percent (30%) of this are victims of sexual abuse, and majority of the ages are ranging fifteen (15) to twenty-six (26) years old (WHO, 2015).
Violence Against Women have fatal result like homicide and suicide. The women who are victim of sexual abuse are vulnerable to sexually transmitted disease like Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Any kind of violence can cause traumatic stress, depression and anxiety disorder (UN, 2017).
Traditionally, in the Philippines, men are characterized as the providers of the family, while women are appreciated as the nurturers and supporters. But with the widespread of technology and scientific progress to the modern society, thus, women today are able to compete with the men, what men can do – women can do as well and an empowered society has no room for violence (Rappler, 2015).
The adjustment and eventually the change in the Filipinas legal status have pledge vital role in the beginning effort of women’s right to equality of treatment and opportunity (WHO, 2012). In categorical participation, the Philippines top ranked 9th globally in Asia in terms of women’s participation in economy, education and political empowerment. In addition, the country of Philippines is one of the world’s most gender fair countries since 2006. In relation, the Republic Act 9710 otherwise known as the Magna Carta of Women aims to provide a women’s human right law that seeks to eliminate discrimination, unequal treatment and to promote the right of Filipino women in all aspect and opportunity in the society. While the world commemorate a women friendly Philippines and despite of the implementation of Magna Carta of Women the number of VAW cases increase yearly over 50% as the Philippine National Police (PNP) reported (Rodriguez, 2016).
Moreover, there are five priority agencies with Anti-Violence Against Women (VAW) services, each government agencies represented to render such service to lessen or as much as possible to eradicate violence to women. The Philippine National Police (PNP) is tasked to render services for investigatory procedures, the Department of Health (DOH) is for medical and hospital based services, the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) is for psychological services, the Department of Justice is for legal services and lastly is the Department of the Interior and Local Government is for LGU’s Anti-VAW Services at the barangay, municipality, city and provincial levels (DILG Manual, 2008).
As the Department of the Interior and Local Government is the primary concerned agency in facilitating the Anti-VAW Services at the Local Government Units, the researchers adopted a tool regarding to the services made. There are several areas to specify what gender responsive service entails such as for personnel, physical facilities, policy, services, monitoring, evaluation and research, information and advocacy and resources (DILG Manual, 2009). The DILG pursuant to Republic Act 9262 (Anti-Violence against Women and their Children Act) mandates LGU’s to have Violence Against Women (VAW) Desk in every barangays nationwide. With the help of Philippine National Police (PNP) and the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) facilitating VAW related services in the barangay becomes much easier. The PNP has a division and quick response unit to women and children complaints and established Women and Children Protection Desk (WCPD) in all police stations in the Philippines for filling of cases as to the area of investigatory services and the DSWD provide psychological unit to council VAW victims and survivors.
A number of mechanism and other unique ways have already been put place to VAW. Several Non-Government Organizations (NGO), associations and groups are intact to eliminate the violence against women in the country (Gracia, 2012). Campaigns to end VAW in the Philippines are escalating in different manner, such as flyers regarding the eliminating of VAW, banner posted in conspicuous places and also evident with the help of some organizations who is supporting the right of the women. It is unsure to totally diminish VAW in the Philippine setting but as long as the current efforts to fight VAW are sustained, cases can be eliminated (Scott, 2016).
In line with this, Municipality of La Paz as one of the second class municipality in the Province of Tarlac adopted the procedures and guidelines of the Department of the Interior and Local Government on related services on violence against women pursuant to Republic Act 9262 that every barangay are mandated to established VAWC desk as the frontline desk to provide services on violence against women. Also, the municipality supports different services to end violence against women and to strengthen women’s human rights.
Hence, the study focused on the evaluation of the Related Services on Violence Against Women in La Paz, Tarlac. Thus, having the hope of the outcome will help to understand the importance of monitoring the compliance of the services related to VAW. This study was also conducted to enlightened the Local Government Units on what specific action will they do to improve the services they provide to the victims of violence and to eliminate the Violence Against Women.

Statement of the Problem
This study aimed to evaluate the related services on Violence Against Women in the Municipality of La Paz, Tarlac.
Specifically, this study attempted to answer the following questions:
1. How is the VAW related services among the barangays of La Paz, Tarlac be describe and evaluated in terms of:
1.1. Policy Related
1.2. Facilities
1.3. Personnel
1.4. Training
1.5. Knowledge, Attitude, Skills, Habits and Ethics of Work
1.6. Services
1.7. Research, Monitoring and Evaluation
1.8. Information and Advocacy
1.9. Financial Resources
2. What are the problems encountered by the citizens and implementers in the related services on violence against women?
3. What recommendations can be proposed to improve the related services on VAW?
4. What are the implications of the study to public administration?

Significance of the Study
This study would serve as a data to determine and evaluate the related services on violence against women and the findings of this study could be used by the Department of the Interior and Local Government, the Local Government Units, the Gender and Development and the barangays especially the focal point person and the VAW officer for assessing and monitoring the services provided by the barangays regarding to the violence against women. Also, this study will be useful primarily to the Municipality of La Paz and the result of this study will therefore be beneficial to the following:
To Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), the data would provide information about the present status of the related services on violence against women and to access and facilitated the current program.
To the Local Government Units (LGU) of Municipality of La Paz, Tarlac, the findings of this study would be beneficial to the local government unit especially to the personnel involved in the management and operation of different related services on violence against women. Also, this study will determine the success of different VAW related services.
To the Gender and Development Unit of La Paz, Tarlac, the data gathered in this study would be beneficial to the Gender and Development Unit as they control different social issues constructed between men and women and to clearly assess and determine the existing gender roles and relations.
To the different barangays in the Municipality of La Paz, Tarlac, the findings of this study will provide perspective on what are the weaknesses of barangays in implementing the VAW related services and to strengthen the implementation of the services provided.
To the Civil Society Organizations, the findings of the study will provide new insights in the pursuance of a stronger linkages and collaboration between and among the civil society organizations and the LGUs in the provision of support, specifically in sharing modern technology and innovative strategies to improve the related services on violence against women in the Municipality of La Paz.
To the citizens, the data gathered in this study would be beneficial to the citizens by providing them additional information about the related services on VAW. Also, this study will provide greater awareness on the programs and services endow by local government unit on violence against women.
To the future researchers, the data will serve as a reference material for students conducting a research with the same subject matter.
Finally, to the students of Public administration, this study will also enrich available resource materials who are interested to pursue further studies of the same nature.

Scope and Delimitation of the Study
The study was focused on the evaluation of the related services on violence against women in the Municipality of La Paz, Tarlac. The researchers evaluated the compliance of the barangays in the municipality in providing related services on violence against women. These covered the twenty-one (21) barangays in the municipality; two (2) are urban barangays and the nineteen (19) are rural. The respondents were pro-rated based on their capacity to answer the assessment tool the researchers have used, in addition, other related government agencies and the implementers of the programs are considered as respondents.

Definition of Terms
The following terms are defined in accordance with their conceptual and theoretical meaning to have a working knowledge and have a better understanding of the research study.
Advocacy. It is a recommendation of particular plan of action which aim by the individual at the end of services.
Facilities. It is the structures and materials needed to respond adequately and perform duties instantly (DILG, 2008)
KASHEW. It is the abbreviation of Knowledge, Attitudes, Skills, Habits and Ethics of Work, which plays vital role in protecting women’s right in meeting the challenging and risky task for women (DILG, 2008).
Local Government Units (LGUs). This is defined as a body politic and corporate endowed with powers to be exercised by it in conformity with law (Sec. 15 of RA 7160).
Personnel. This is defined as the officials and staffs which is directly concerned and involved in proving services to its clients (DILG, 2008).
Policy. In this study, policies are rules and regulations in providing basic related services to end violence against women.
Policy Related. It is the support mechanism in institutionalizing policies. Also, it is a plan of action in procedural collaborative mechanism.
Referral System and Linkages. In this study, it is a formal assessment tool that extend helping hand along collaborative partnership with the other agencies and stakeholders (DILG, 2008).
Research Monitoring and Evaluation. This is defined as the periodic assessment and evaluation on the involved agencies, departments, organizations and institutions along to the services provided (DILG, 2008).
Services. These are the line-up programs and activities for the benefits of the clientele.
Services Procedures and Protocols. It is a standard procedural guideline to facilitate the service delivery; to monitor and evaluate the offered services (DILG, 2008)
Violence Against Women (VAW). This is define as a gender-based abused made by intimate partner or non-partner between age ranging 15-49 years old through physical, sexual, emotional and psychological abuse (DILG, 2008).

Acronyms
AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
CSO – Civil Society Organization
DILG – Department of the Interior and Local Government
DOH – Department of Health
DSWD – Department of Social Welfare and Development
HIV – Human Immunodeficiency Virus
KASHEW – Knowledge, Attitude, Skills, Habits and Ethics of Work
NDHS – National Demographic Health Survey
NGO – Non-Government Organization
PNP – Philippine National Police
UNCSW – United Nation Commission on Status of Women
VAW – Violence Against Women
VAWC – Violence Against Women and their Children
WCPD – Women’s and Children Protection Desk
WHO – Women’s Health Organization

Chapter 2
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES
The researchers reviewed some related literature and studies, which provide for the basic framework of the present study. The presentation of these studies and literature provide knowledge and offered considerable wisdom on the problems surrounding.

Related Literature
In Western culture, the latest endeavors to recognize, clarify and challenge male viciousness against ladies agree with the re-development of the women’s activist development in the mid-1970s. Women’s activists distinguished male brutality against ladies as vital to the propagation of ladies’ persecution, seeing rape, assault, inappropriate behavior, aggressive behavior at home and different types of male viciousness as a feature of a continuum of savagery against ladies and kids . Brutality against ladies is experienced by ladies of any age and social classes, all races, religions and nationalities, everywhere throughout the world. It is overwhelmingly executed by men (Krug et al, 2007).
As responsiveness and predominance of impact on violence against women increased, influential response to the issue progressively shifted. The police response to allegations of rape was categorized by aggressive action and follow up questioning on the victims were suffering on a state of trauma. A significant policy and shift on guidelines began, allegation to corresponding response maybe impactful to the variety of issue in modern society that extensively emerging (Johnson, 2008).
In addition, Weiss (2009) describe a woman in the previous generation as the downfall of every man. But in today’ generation, women have been considered as the building phase of boiling pot where man’s tension in some instances arises. It is somehow and somewhat describe today as an abusive relationship which tends to follow a cyclical pattern in life. The changes on various stages are very depending on nature of relationship, however, abusive relationship likewise depend on the nature of man.
Scott (2010) defined that gender equality plays vital role to eliminate violence against women and develop to the strength of a human being. The concept of gender equality had undergone several revolutions to exactly fit on how these work to eliminate violence against women in the history. Equality may not only be referred to gender alone, it may composed of different components such as ethnicity and race. Violence Against Women have expanded especially to a country which is lack on education on the importance of equality.
Good practices in opposing and eliminating violence especially in eliminating violence against women and contributing in strengthening women’s human rights. On a comparative meeting globally, Vetten (2010) as the chairperson enumerated comprehensive multi-disciplinary strategies to combat violence in many forms. Majority of the participants believed that if these strategies have been implemented orderly majority of the issues regarding to violence has been eliminated. It is also considered as one of the mechanism to contribute on one’s country’s development.
One of the most emphasized benefits of development in the society is allegedly
of decentralization is the alleged improvement in public administration. By “bringing the government closer to the people,” public officials are expected to have a greater ability to recognize, interpret and satisfy more precisely citizens’ needs and demands for public goods and services (Montero and Samuels 2004).
However, Perez (2007) stresses that strategic objectives was established by different organization to determine the causes why violence against women is controversially emerging in the society. By this, value of preventive measure should proposed and practice through the help of higher government by encouraging its citizen. In addition, participation promotes peace and elevates violence.
In Spain, comprehensive law for intimate partner – violence against women is created by the virtue of the women who suffers from physical abuse made by their partners. Palacios (2017) a researcher in Chile described that violence against women is commonly increasing which is significantly caused to risk on mental health disorders. Cultural diversities in Chile are seen to be the reason why violence is widespread in the society. On the other hand, Palacios identified that 43% of women are engage in cultural violence which are in need of physiological treatment to endure the trauma of violence.
In relation, the Chileans National Women’s Service (2016) provides alternative mechanism to prevent hatred among the victims of violence against women in Chile. The Chileans’ aimed to provide legal services system which gives preventive measures and remedial programs to the women’s who are suffering from the experience of violence in any form. Also, mechanisms have been enumerated to support the programs and campaigns on violence against women.
Social Humiliation is supplementary to gender stereotypes. It is a challenging traditional role associated to gender equality. By the role of gender equality to the community, this may lessen the incidence of violence against women. Also, by educating the people on the importance of equality violence may be eliminated not totally but wisely (Del Mar, 2016).
Gracia (2016) described that a man who is involved in sexual harassment is suffering from a disease called “maniac depression”. However, continuous stalking to women may lead to sexual violence. On the other hand, what you wear may also define your safety, somehow if a women wear decent clothes this may prevent sexual violence.
Typically, according to de los Angeles (2015), women who used drugs are exposed to violence made by men. Abusive used of drugs may lead to abusive society particular to women who suffer from violence in any form. Increasing the risk of social, physical and sexual assault are made by uneducated women who did not value the right to be women.
The Convention on Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (2010) frequently defined as an international bill of rights of women. It states what constitutes to discrimination and violence against women and set up an agenda to end such. The CEDAW provides basis for apprehending equality between men and women and ensuring equal access and opportunities for women.
Persistent and shattering human rights violation is the violence against women. Leadership and protection remain inadequate for women, therefore most of the time women are the victim of violence. Pertaining to inadequate knowledge of women to their rights, men used this opportunity to make women suffer from different kinds of violence (UNiTE, 2010).
Violence Against Women under the law in the Philippines refers to “any act or a series of act committed by any person against a woman who is his wife, former wife or any woman whom the person has or had a sexual or dating relation”. It is also defined as the shameful violation on women’s right (DILG, 2009).
The Republic Act 7610 otherwise known as the Local Government Code of 1991 defined the women and children who are protected under the law. The Children are those below 18 years of age or those, regardless of ages, who are incapable of taking care themselves.
While, Republic Act 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children Act of 2004 seek to address the predominance on VAWC, abuses on women and their children by the partners are classifies as a public crime.
The type of violence against women may fall on the following but not limited to this acts such as physical violence, sexual violence, psychological violence and economic violence. Victims on different types of violence may file legal complaints with the help of different agency involved in giving services on the victims of violence against women (RA 9262)
According to Russton (2012), battered women syndrome is a mental disorder developed to a long-term women who suffers from abused which says as learned helplessness or psychological paralysis in other words. The victim of violence against women become depressed and believes that incapable on leaving the situation. Battered women is a term used by the society to the victims of an intimate partner specially to the victims of physical violence.
Sercado (2011) discussed that the RA 9262 otherwise known as the Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children has a defense mechanism when a battered women committed a crime against to their intimate husband. As enumerated, the battered women are suffering from mental and physical illness while the women suffer on the abuse made by their partner, therefore, it is not impossible to a women to commit a crime.
Abuses to women have increase irrationally by unexpected changes in the society. Violence Against Women classifies as a public crime which is limited to physical, psychological, sexual and economic abuses. Mostly, women who are below 18 years of age or sometimes regardless of age as long as a woman is incapable of taking care of themselves enjoys the protection of the law. Majority of the abuses are made by intimate partner which falls to physical violence (Rodriguez, 2015).
VAW in the community frequently takes any kinds of violence. It is also a oppression or subjective deprivation of liberty whether happening in public and private life. If violence befalls in private sphere, usually it is related through the intimacy or blood. The problem that arises on the private violence against women is through the money and conjugal property of married couple, and sometimes the custody of the children (Duque, 2017).
However, De Vega (2009) makes patronizing remarks against women. It is emphasize that the normal shouting resulting to cursing, humiliating and the like done by man is reflected as violence against women. More importantly, constant marital unfaithfulness or engaging in extramarital affairs is likewise punishable. To avoid this, man should be educated on how to value the women not just the women of their lives but also the women in the community and to the nation as a whole.
Under the Violence Against Women, a petition order may be filed by the women who is victims of violence in any kind especially on physical violence. Nicolas (2010) defined protection order as a written black and white paper issued to the victims for a purpose of avoiding further acts of violence to women or to children pursuant to Republic Act No. 9262. Also, on the barangay level which is the basic political unit of the community, barangay protection order or BPO is releases to the victims and survivors and serves as an alternative temporary restraining order that have been releases by the police.

Related Studies
A. Foreign
The study conducted by Moreno (2010) entitled “Preventing Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Against Women: Primary Prevention Strategies” aims to lessen sexual violence by educating the citizen on what strategies should practice with. In this study, the variation shows that intimate partner and sexual violence are inevitable and mechanisms to prevent this are limited. Therefore the study enumerated guidelines and listed primary strategies to prevent social violence as well as physical. On the evaluation of the strategies presented are incorporated on majority of the countries guidelines to prevent sexual violence against women. But, most of the strategies given are never followed by the implementers and other concerned personnel which ineffectively to such occurs.
Essayag (2017) in his study entitled “From Commitment to Action: Policies to End Violence against Women in Latin America and Caribbean” aims to reveals that Violence against Women is a universal pandemic, which should be the concern to everyone. The study transforms the policies into major actions that covered different perspective in eliminating violence against women. On the other hand, the data evaluated the effectiveness of the policies that have been enumerated to end violence in many form, efficiency on transforming the commitment of an individual to an action have also been evaluated. The findings of this study have gigantic effect on strengthening different campaigns and have established guidelines to control laws.
On the other hand, Suva (2008) conducted a study entitled “An Assessment of The State on Violence Against Women in Fiji” revealed the multiplicity of forms of violence against women that exists in the country. Such human rights exploitations results in increased poverty and a higher pervasiveness of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), trauma, psychological troubles, undesirable pregnancies, disability, abortion, unproductiveness, stigma, increased consumption of alcohol and drugs, prostitution, school drop outs, corruption and polygamy. Other consequences include mismanagement of family property, abandonment of children, personal isolation and even death.
The study of Victorian Royal Commission (2009) entitled “Respect, Responsibility and Equality: Building New Knowledge in Primary Prevention of Violence Against Women” profound the ramification of violence in the society. It causes a major health problem and serious effect to well-being of the women affected. In relation, the study highlighted the importance of respect and equality in preventing violence against women but there is no quick remedy on violence because it is a long term perspective that can only be achieved if it takes as a responsibility by each member of the society. The findings of this study focus on the general plan of action and highlighted a comprehensive and concerted approach to prevent violence in any form. And on how does this action took as serious responsibility and promote gender-equality.
Furthermore, Jordan (2009) conducted a study entitled “Advancing the study on Violence Against Women: Evolving Research Agenda into Science” aims to produced multiple discipline in research regarding to the prevention of violence especially to violence against women in the United States. Alternative mechanisms are cited in this study to further strengthen the presence of campaigns to eliminate violence, the purpose of the alternative ways is to strengthen the agenda of the United States to totally achieved peace. The findings of this study focus on the plan of agenda converted into science which they believed that science has great impact on managing different agendas regarding to VAW.
The studies of Essayag (2010) and Suva (2008) were found closely related to the present study because these studies focused on the assessment of different mechanism to strengthen the battle on violence against women in their country. On the other hand, these studies differ from present study because the present study will focus primarily on the evaluation of related services on violence against women in particular municipality however the past studies which were focused on the assessment of alternative tools and mechanism that created to supports the programs on violence against women and to totally eliminate violence in the country.
Lastly, the studies of Moreno (2010), Victorian Royal Commission (2009) and Jordan (2009) focused on the prevention of violence especially to violence against women, these studies presents and enumerated different possible plan of action and agendas to prevent the violence against women. However, the present study will only focused on the service delivery but it is also related to the past studied because the present study also have the research, monitoring and evaluation of different campaigns which strengthen the implementation of the programs.

B. Local
The study of David (2017) entitled “Reported Cases on Violence Against Women and their Children among the Barangays in Concepcion, Tarlac: An analysis” aims to analyzed the reported cases on Violence Against Women and their Children. It presents in this study the number of cases filed in different types of violence such as to physical, psychological, economic and sexual violence. The study also stated that the physical violence is the common violence happened in the society especially to the women because of their intimate husband. However, when separation happened to man and women economic abuse is somewhat arises because of the fact that the man did not support the needs of their children. Also, the study focused on the analysis of data on reported cases as well as to the services provided by the municipality pursuant to Republic Act 9262.
The study of Enriquez (2008) entitled “Documenting Cases of Violence Against Women Particularly Human Trafficking and Prostitution” aims to analyzed the documented cases that is classified in different types of violence against women to developed a technologies and alternative mechanism to gender responsive approach that this method will be relevant to the issue of VAW. Documented data will also be used to entrance for local ordinances related to violence against women.
Caparas et. Al (2012) on their study entitled “Women’s Awareness on Law on anti-Violence Against Women and their Children” aims to elaborate the legal framework that provides services and efforts to address on violence committed against women and their children. The study is affixed by three legal bases such as the fundamental freedom under the Constitution, the provision on Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Republic Act 9262 otherwise known as the Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children of 2004. The findings of this study focused on how wide the knowledge of every women in the community regarding to human rights as well as to their right as a women.
In relation, the study of Guanzon et.al (2009) entitled “Anti-Violence Against Women on Trafficking in Person’s Act: Issues and Problems” discussed the trafficking in person, especially women and their children. The findings of this study is that trafficking and violence to women may usually occur on the poor provinces in the Republic of the Philippines because people in the far flung area are not knowledgeable on their rights and other matter that will enhance their living. However, sexual violence may be constructed by the human trafficking which is somewhat became common in different countries, also it is globally accepted because of the sex industries in modern society. The problem that may arises why poor women Filipina are easily to encourage in such is because of financial matters.
Women’s Legal and Human Rights Bureau (2015) conducted a study in the Philippines entitled “Unveiling Justice: Women’s Access to Justice in the Philippines” elaborated different legal framework to women’s human rights which access as a justice to the violence made against women. Also, this study highlights technology related which the researchers of this study believed that it is necessary to strengthen the rights of women in different perspective and to fight violence emerging in any form. The findings of this study presented the number of mechanism which serves to support the Women’s Access to Justice criticizing the existence of violence in any form.
Furthermore, the studies of David (2017) and Enriquez (2008) similarly related to the present study because these studies present the data of women who is in need the services regarding to violence against women and proposed different mechanism and plan of action to support program more likely the present study also classify different policies related to violence against women as it strengthen the implementation of the program.
Lastly, the studies of Caparas et. al (2012), Guanzon et. al (2009) and Women’s Legal and Human Rights Bureau (2015) focused on the legal framework of violence against women presenting different legal base. On the other hand, it is found closely related to the present study because the present study also enumerated legal framework and local ordinances on women’s human rights.

Conceptual Framework
The study focused the evaluation of related services on violence against women in the Municipality of La Paz, Tarlac. This study dwelt with the service related and its indicators, namely, Policy Related, Facilities, Personnel, Training, KASHEW (Knowledge, Attitude, Skills, Habits and Ethics of Work), Services and Financial Resources. Each of the indicators mentioned have their own services where the compliance of the municipality on the services was evaluated. In addition, problems encountered by the citizens and implementers were determined by the researchers through data gathered and validated by having face-to-face interview. Likewise, recommendations were proposed in order to improve the citizen satisfaction and enhance the delivery of services to the public. Lastly, an implication of the study to public administration was included to determine the essence of the study.

Figure 1. Paradigm of the Study

?
Chapter 3
METHODS OF STUDY AND SOURCES OF DATA
This chapter includes the methods and procedures in collecting data. Presenting to this chapter is the description of the research design, the respondents of the study, the instruments adopted, the sampling technique used, and the statistical treatments employed in the interpretation data.

Research Design
The descriptive-evaluative research design was use in this study to present and evaluate the services on violence against women. Through the use of descriptive-evaluative research, the researchers will collect necessary data describing some phenomena (Hubbard, 2016). Descriptive research sought to answer the question, “what exists” pertaining to the present condition (Costales et. al, 2005).
This study further put accent on the evaluation and compliance of barangays on the related services on violence against women in the Municipality of La Paz. At the same time, to determine and describe the related services, the respondents of this study were asked to answer the questionnaire or the assessment tool used in existence with the possible factors affecting the services on violence against women. In addition, the questionnaire is equipped with possible question so that the researchers can determine and evaluate the services of violence against women. With that, it determined and analyzed the problems encountered by the citizens which affect their satisfaction. The researchers utilized documentary analysis, focused interview, and surveys in order to achieve the needed data.
In addition, the researchers have used the assessment tools of the Department of the Interior and Local Government in the year 2008 regarding to the related services on Violence Against Women in the barangay level as an instrument to further answer the statement of the problem.

Research Locale
The study was conducted in the Municipality of La Paz which is one of the second class municipalities of the province of Tarlac. La Paz, Tarlac, it is situated at the southeast portion of the province with 141 kilometres from the capital of the Philippines – Manila. However, it is 17 kilometres from the capital city of Tarlac. And on the eastern part of municipality, the province of Nueva Ecija was located.
Municipality of La Paz politically subdivided into twenty-one (21) barangays. Two (2) barangays were considered urban areas and the rest was considered as the rural areas. The urban areas in La Paz are San Isidro and San Roque. And the rural areas namely: Balanoy, Bantog-Caricutan, Caramutan, Caut, Comillas, Dumarais, Guevara, Kapanikian, La Purisima, Lara, Laungcupang, Lomboy, Macalong, Matayumtayum, Mayang, Motrico, Paludpud, Rizal and Sierra

Figure 2. Map of La Paz, Tarlac

Respondents of the Study
The respondents of the study were pro-rated. Thus, the twenty-one (21) barangays were covered in this study but the respondents were randomly selected in each barangays. The respondents were one (1) punong barangay, one (1) focal point person of the DSWD in each barangay (usually the secretary of the barangay), one (1) barangay VAWC officer, one (1) barangay treasurer and two (2) community members, with a total of six (6) respondents each barangay. In addition, the two (2) WCPD Officers, one (1) DILG accountable officer and one (1) DSWD psychological officer were considered as respondents.

Methods of Gathering Data
In terms of instrumentation, the researchers will use the following methods.
Documentary Analysis. The researchers used documentary analysis wherein documents are being interpreted by the researchers to give voice and meaning around the assessment and to identify other necessary data that will use to justify the study (Caluntad, 2009).
Questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of all possible questions that answer the problems raised in the study. In the questionnaire, the respondents need to answer the questions by writing or by making the sheet. This study administered questionnaires to the respondents to evaluate the implementation of the services and programs of the municipality regarding to the services on violence against women.
Interview. An interview was conducted in order for the researchers to get accurate, complete and reliable data. Moreover, vague questions could readily be clarified at once. Through the interview problems encountered by the respondents will also be identified.

Statistical Treatment
To facilitate interpretations and analysis, collected data were tallied and presented on tables. Frequency count continuum mean and simple percentages was also be used.
Frequency. In statistics the frequency (or absolute frequency) of an event is the number of times the event occurred in an experiment or study.
Percentage. It simply means “per hundred”. It is calculated by dividing the total or whole number by 100.
Ranking. This refers to establishing the order in which people or things should be ranked, according to importance or ability. This was applied in the research to describe how an item was related to the group. Data was arranged from the highest to the lowest numerical value.
Mean. This was be determined by adding all the data points in a population and then dividing the total by the number of points.
The following formula was used to describe the response options of the respondents and a corresponding value will be assigned to get the weighted mean of each item.
The formula that will be used is as follows:
Weighted Mean = f (3) +f (2) +f (1),
N
where3, 2, 1 = corresponding value
f = frequency of every response options
N = Total number of respondents who answered
Likert Scale. It is the most widely used approach to scaling responses in survey research. A three-pointscale and five-points scale will be used in the study to allow the individual to express how much they agree or disagree with a particular statement. To interpret results, the following index of limits will be used with the corresponding verbal descriptions (Martin, 2012):
In order to determine the compliance of the barangays on the related services on violence against women in different areas the scale was used:
Index Range Adjectival Description
3 2.50 – 3.00 Always Implemented
2 1.50 – 2.49 Sometimes Implemented
1 1.00 – 1.49 Never Implemented

Chapter 4
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA
This chapter presents the findings, analysis and interpretation of data gathered from the questionnaires, interviews and observation elicited from the respondents.

1. Description and Evaluation of Related Services on Violence Against Women
The related services on violence against women in the Municipality of La Paz was evaluated in terms of different areas that is included in the manual of the Department of the Interior and Local Government pursuant to the Republic Act 9262 otherwise known as the Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children Act of 2004.
1.1 Policy Related
Policy Related refers to the support in institutionalizing Anti-Violence Against Women services and programs in the Local Government Units. This is very essential to strengthen the sustainability of actions against VAW (DILG, 2009).
Table 1
Evaluation of Policy Related on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean Adjectival Description
Barangay mandate vision and mission on violence against women 2.77 Always Implemented
Barangay have supporting ordinances on women’s human rights 2.45 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay have a standard and guidelines of actions on violence against women and trafficking of women and children 2.42 Sometimes Implemented
Grand Mean 2.55 Always Implemented
Table 1 presents the evaluation of policy related on violence against women presenting the indicators to enhance and strengthen the services on VAW, as well as to support campaigns to end violence against women.
On the other hand, the area where barangay mandates vision and mission on violence against women obtained a mean of 2.77 or always implemented. The vision and mission of the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz regarding to violence against women was adapted to the Department of the Interior and Local Government on the related services of Local Government Units on addressing violence against women manual of 2009. Based on the interview made, the Local Government Unit of La Paz strengthen the proper implementation of the violence against women’s vision and mission because they believe that without the proper implementation of this, the municipality together with the barangays does not provide proper services which is related to VAW. Also, this was served to every barangays as a major guiding principle on setting up goals and objectives, so that the municipality mandated every barangays on the proper implementation of it.
This was followed by standards and guidelines of action of barangay on violence against women and trafficking of women and children was given 2.42 or sometimes implemented. In relation to the vision and mission, the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz sets a standards and guidelines of action that would be beneficial to both implementers and citizen as they support to enhance and strengthen the services on violence against women and to support the campaign to end VAW. However, the implementers on the municipal level together by the barangay implementer’s believes that the guidelines that have been locally created through the power vested to them would be limited only to amicable settlement pursuant to given restriction of the national policies created by the higher authority. Subsequently, it was rated as sometimes implemented because some of the barangays in the municipality created a standard and guidelines of action which is only limited to physical and sexual violence setting aside the other types of violence as well as the plan of action to women’s human trafficking.
In addition, supporting ordinances on women’s human right was described as sometimes implemented among the indicators of policy related having a mean of 2.45. Basically, supporting ordinances to barangay levels are created by the barangay implementers which mainly concern was to support such programs. As the researchers interviewed the citizens, they describe that the barangay is lack on supporting ordinances. Or, on the other hand, if the barangay has these existing local ordinances which aims to enhance and strengthen the violence against women services and to support the campaign to end violence, it is not properly implemented. Therefore, this indicator was rated as sometimes implemented because of the reason that the barangay already created such ordinances but it was not properly implemented and evaluated.
Overall, the parameters of policy related with its indicators on related services on violence against women obtained a grand mean of 2.55 or always implemented. Pursuant to the Department of the Interior and Local Government on the related services of Local Government Units on addressing violence against women manual of 2009 together with the Republic Act No. 9262 otherwise known as the Anti-Violence Against Women, these policy related is necessary to implement as a major guiding principle upon providing services related to violence against women. The Municipality of La Paz mandates its barangay to properly implement the policy related to enhance and strengthen the services on violence against women and to support the campaigns to end VAW. On simplest manner, the barangays are always implemented needed policies and ordinances for them to achieve the peace and equality they want in their community.

1.2 Facilities
Facilities may refer to physical facilities and materials needed to adequately respond to violence against women cases, it is enumerated on Section 44 (f) of Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act 9262 this includes Barangay VAW Desk.
As shown in table 2, barangay logbooks for documenting violence against women cases and complaints rated as always implemented having a mean of 2.88. Logbooks are used to record the reported cases and complaints on different types of violence, also logbooks plays crucial role on providing services to the victims and may also serve as evidence during legal complaints. According to the head of the Municipal Social Welfare and Development in the municipality, barangays are mandated to have three separate logbooks for documentation such as the logbooks for R.A 9262 or the Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children, R.A 9344 or Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006 and R.A 7610 or Special Protection of Children Against Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act. Usually, the logbooks include the name of the complainant, the date of complaint, the name of perpetrator, the flow of the story answering the how, why, when and where it happen and if possible the name of the witness. In relation, it was described as always implemented because majority of the barangays in the municipality provided three separate logbooks for them to orderly documented and monitor cases.
Table 2
Evaluation of Facilities on Related Services on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean Adjectival Description
Barangay has logbooks for documenting VAW cases and complaints 2.88 Always Implemented
Barangay has a directory of organizations providing Anti-VAW Services 2.73 Always Implemented
Barangay has power lines 24 hours a day 7 days a week 2.71 Always Implemented
Barangay has clean water 24 hours a day 7 days a week 2.68 Always Implemented
Barangay has referral forms for barangay, health and social service facilities 2.48 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay has separate room for receiving VAW victims and survivors 2.47 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay has computer for logging and monitoring VAW cases 2.46 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay display flow chart on Anti-VAW services 2.25 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay displays poster of Anti-VAW 2.25 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay display flow chart on how to get barangay protection order 2.24 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay has basic needed materials for evidence preservation (paper bags, tissues etc) 2.24 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay has an adequate space for counselling (atleast 5 person can move around) 2.15 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay has a comfort room exclusive for VAW victims 1.49 Never Implemented
Barangay have a separate vehicle available for VAW victims and survivors 1.47 Never Implemented
The Counselling Room of Barangay is:
a. Has auditory and visual privacy 1.43 Never Implemented
b. Has an alternative entrance from the main entrance of barangay hall 1.41 Never Implemented
c. People in the room cannot be seen on the outside 2.05 Sometimes Implemented
d. Sounds in the room cannot be heard in the outside, vice versa 2.38 Sometimes Implemented
e. Room can be looked from the inside 2.88 Always Implemented
The Barangay Area Is:
a. Clean 2.88 Always Implemented
b. Orderly 2.87 Always Implemented
c. Well-Ventilated 2.89 Always Implemented
The Barangay Area Have:
a. Beddings for survivors and victims 2.18 Sometimes Implemented
b. Clean drinking water 2.90 Always Implemented
c. Clothing for VAW victims and survivors 1.75 Sometimes Implemented
d. Toiletries 2.04 Sometimes Implemented
The Area Have Materials Related To Health Including:
a. First aid kit 2.79 Always Implemented
b. Pregnancy test kit 1.84 Sometimes Implemented
c. Contraceptives 2.70 Always Implemented
Grand Mean 2.34 Sometimes Implemented
This was followed by barangay directory of organizations gathered a mean of 2.73 or always implemented. The directory of organizations is composed usually by the organization’s name, address and contact numbers. Including in this directory of organizations is the departments such as the Department of the Interior and Local Government, the Department of Social Welfare and Development and the Department of Health or usually the nearest public hospital in the municipality. Also, this may include the Philippine National Police and other agencies, departments and organizations that may provide services regarding medical, medico-legal, psychological and legal assistance that the victims or the survivors may refer to. During the survey of the researchers among barangays in the Municipality of La Paz, they noticed that the list of organizations are placed and posted on barangay bulletin board which may include the name of organization as well as the contact number of the organization.
Barangay facilities availability 24 hours a day 7 days a week on power lines obtained a mean of 2.71 or always implemented. Respondents of this study thought that the barangay has the adequate supply of power 24 hours 7 days a week in the barangay area as well all to other halls that the victims and survivors may use. However, it is very usual to every barangay halls to have power supply because it can be used from a day to day basis. Without the supply of electricity on the barangay halls, the barangay cannot perform their work and responsibility properly and comfortably.
Clean water supply 24 hours a day 7 days a week also described as always implemented having a mean of 2.68. In this sense, clean water may refer to the water from faucet that may be used in many forms such as for washing clothes, flashing of toilets and cooking. The citizen in the Municipality of La Paz believes that water supply is not just a flow of water that may be used instead it is a clean water that can be used and safe to be used.
However, barangay referral form for health and social services facilities was given 2.48. Based on the study’s adjectival description, it is described as sometimes implemented among the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz. Referral forms are printed forms that have been given to the victims and survivors if they need assistance to health and other related services that the barangay partnered to. Among the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz, only sixteen barangays are complying from having referral form specially forms for health services. The Barangay of Balanoy, Macalong, Rizal, Motrico and Caut does not provide referral forms to the victims instead they refer the victims to department concerned without any black and white papers.
The barangay separate room for receiving VAW victims got a mean of 2.47 or sometimes implemented. This indicator is only applicable to those barangay which doesn’t have violence against women building and still using the barangay hall for VAW purposes, however, only the urban barangays of the municipality have the separate building upon receiving VAW victims. According to the Violence Against Women focal point person in the Barangay of Caramutan, they are mandated by the higher authority to received VAW victims on the violence against women building or with the absence of VAW building, the barangay can used a separate room which have a privacy during the counseling especially if the case is confidential. Therefore, compliance to the mandate of the higher authority, majority of the barangay prepare separate room as an alternative area with the absence of VAW building.
The use of computers for logging and monitoring VAW cases obtained a mean of 2.46 or sometimes implemented. Computers nowadays plays vital role in the modern society, since technology are extensively increasing, computer is considered as a tool to make transaction faster. Majority of the barangays in the municipality complies with the use of computers for documentation and monitoring of cases, because they realize that this is the fastest way increase the service delivery in the barangay area. On the other hand, the barangays of Lara, La Purisima, Kapanikian, Mayang, Matayumtayum, and Lomboy did not embrace the use of technology instead these barangays used the traditional way of documenting complaints and cases.
Additionally, the displays of flow charts on Anti-VAW services and displays of posters on violence against women services and campaign to end VAW got the same mean of 2.25 or sometimes implemented. Most of the time, the flow charts on Anti-VAW services and posters on different campaigns to ends VAW are given by the Gender and Development Unit of the LGU and it was approved for posting. The barangay who have been given these approved flow charts and posters are liable to post on the barangay vicinity which is sometimes on the barangay bulletin board. Although this may be true that the Gender and Development Unit distributed posters and flow charts for posting, but most of the respondents did not see any posters and flow charts on few barangays in the Municipality.
Similarly, barangay displays flow chart on how to get Barangay Protection Order obtained a mean of 2.24 or sometimes implemented. Barangay Protection Order is closely similar to Temporary Restraining Oder issued by the Philippine National Police. The BPO is issued by the Office of the Barangay Council which main signatory is the Punong Barangay as the head of the Lupong Tagapamayapa. Most of the barangays did not provide posters on how to avail BPO instead they included the steps on how to get BPO on their Citizens Charter, however, it was rated as sometimes implemented because most of the barangay respondents did not know what is barangay protection order and not knowledgeable on the process on availing it. Therefore, pursuant to DILG manual of 2009, posters and flow charts play vital role to educate the citizen on the grass roots level so that it is necessary to properly implement this indicator.
On the materials needed for evidence preservation such as paper bags and tissues garnered a mean of 2.24 or sometimes implemented. This is because the barangays in the municipality are mandated by the Philippine National Police to have these materials that can be used to preserve the integrity of the evidence because this evidence can be presented in support to an assertion. Also, if the PNP personnel did not carry such materials the barangay have these.
The barangay area has an adequate space for counseling described as sometimes implemented having the mean of 2.15. Adequate space means five or more person can be moved freely on the area. In regards to statement number two where barangays has separate room for VAW victims, it was mentioned that only the urban barangays have separate buildings exclusive for VAW, most of the times, rural barangays used the barangay session hall for counseling of victims and survivors wherein this session hall can cater approximately ten to twelve person.
Moreover, having separate and exclusive comfort room for VAW victims and survivors got a mean of 1.49 or never implemented. The reason why majority of the barangays do not have this exclusive comfort room for VAW victims and survivors is that, the barangay do not have enough space to have another comfort room, also, the funds that have been allocated to the related services on violence against women is not enough to put up another major facilities, so that, the comfort room used by the victims is the official comfort room of the barangay hall wherein the local executives in the barangay believes that they properly monitor the cleanliness of the area.
The barangay have separate vehicle available for violence against women victims and survivors obtained a mean of 1.47 or never implemented. Same is true to above statement where exclusive comfort room for victims and survivors is never implemented because of financial incapability. According to the Punong Barangay of barangay San Isidro, the vehicle used upon responding to violence is the official vehicle of the barangay or the barangay patrol where this vehicle is not always available because it was used to patrolling. Therefore, if the barangay purchased another vehicle which is exclusive only available on responding to violence against women, the services of the barangay will improve.
In terms of barangay counseling area, these sub-areas considered as the basic necessary things that the counseling room must have. First, the barangay has audio visual room privacy obtained a mean of 1.43 or never implemented. Auditory and Visual Privacy is an exclusive room that may be used as a function hall by both implementers and the clientele pursuant to the Republic Act 9262. This is never implemented because of financial incapability to put up and support this auditory and visual room which contains an audio and visual privacy.
Second, if the barangay has an alternative entrance aside from the main entrance of barangay hall, this sub-area got the mean of 1.41 and never implemented. Usually, the alternative entrance used if the case is confidential is the barangay fire exit door, but majority of the barangay do not have fire exit that may be used as alternative entrance because majority of the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz contains only a little space. Only the barangays of San Roque and San Isidro have alternative entrance in the counseling room.
Third, people inside the counseling room cannot be seen in the outside obtained the mean of 2.38 as sometimes implemented among the barangays in the municipality. As a matter of fact, most of the barangay counseling room does not have a tinted window for privacy, but different alternative used by the council to protect the privacy inside the counseling room, majority of them used window curtain as an alternative way to secure the privacy inside the counseling rom.
Fourth, is sounds in the room cannot be heard outside, vice versa got a mean of 2.34 or sometimes implemented. This is because the barangays make sure that sounds inside the room cannot be heard outside, if the room is not a sound proof room, they make sure that during the counseling no one are inside the area to make sure that the details remain private between the victims and the members of the council.
And lastly, room can be looked from the inside got the highest mean among the sub-areas regarding to counseling room, this sub-area obtained the highest mean of 2.88 or always implemented in the barangay. The barangay used the normal door which can be looked from the inside. And the respondents of this study believed that the barangays among the municipality always implement this kind of door.
In addition, the barangay area also divided in sub-areas. The first one is, cleanliness, the cleanliness of the barangay got a mean of 2.88 or always implemented and compliance to the requirements regarding to health issues. The respondents seen that the barangay maintain cleanliness as a first line of defense to prevent bacteria and viruses, also, it is important to maintain cleanliness in barangay are for the victims to feel comfortable at all times.
Next is the barangay orderliness, orderliness in barangay obtained a mean of 2.87 or always implemented among the barangays. Majority of the barangays in the municipality valued orderliness in any forms such as orderliness on the documents regarding to violence against women, the kits and other materials needed for evidence preservation. On this instance, barangay maintained orderliness on it area so that if the victims will stay on the barangay victims will not be irritated on the area.
Lastly, barangay area is well ventilated, in this sub-area the table present that the barangays among the municipality complies with this by having the mean of 2.89 or always implemented among the barangays. The researchers noticed that in terms of barangay area, barangays in the municipality can be describes as compliance barangays. Basically, majority of the barangay has a standard when it comes to the preservation of barangay area which alternatively used as a counseling room and VAW area in absence of VAW centers.
Moreover, in this table, materials used by VAW victims are included. The barangays should have the following in order for them to accommodate the VAW victims and survivors. In terms of beddings used by the VAW victims and survivors, barangays are described to be sometimes implemented with a mean of 2.18. Most of the barangay have bedding in the barangay hall which can cater one to two people at a time. Usually, it is a type of bed that can be fold and carry all the time.
The barangay have clean drinking water had a mean of 2.90 or always implemented which generates the highest mean in this area. Barangays in the Municipality of La Paz commonly provide a water dispenser inside the barangay hall for drinking. Actually, during the survey interview of the researchers they grab the opportunity at some barangays to have their tumblers being refilled, so that the researchers can strongly agree that majority of the barangays in the municipality provide clean water for drinking that may be used by the victims and survivors and even the citizen of the community.
The barangay have clothing’s for victims and survivor is sometimes implemented with a mean of 1.75. Majority of the clothing are provided by the focal point person of VAW and sometimes are donated by the citizens in the barangay. Clothing include wardrobe for women and children which is comfortable to use.
And the barangay have toiletries in the barangay hall obtained the mean of 2.04 or always implemented. When the researchers asked the barangay officer if they can use toilets, the researchers observed the surroundings of the comfort room, the researchers found out that the barangays have this basic necessary toiletries that may be used by victims and the survivors of VAW during their stay on the barangay area.
Furthermore, the barangay also need to provide materials needed for health issues, these are the basic materials that the barangays should have in order to be considered as the first responder in violence against women. First Aid kit described as always implemented having the mean of 2.79. First aid kits include materials to prevent infections in an injury; this includes alcohol, bandages and cotton balls. Pursuant to the mandate of the Department of Health, the barangays in the Municipality should provide health kits that may be used for emergency purposes. Anyone who is knowledgeable on performing first aid can perform this to women who are victim of abused and physical violence which usually made by her intimate partner, also, it is advisable that only a certified first aider should perform first aid.
Another basic materials needed in the barangay are pregnancy test and contraceptives. Pursuant to the Reproductive Health Law of 2012, barangays are mandated to have this two, however, pregnancy test is sometimes implemented in the barangay having the mean of 1.84, based interview made, they provide pregnancy test during a sexual abuse had been reported to the barangay, since barangay’s role in violence against women is for amicable settlement only, it is the discretion of a women to conduct a test after all.
On the other hand, contraceptives got a mean of 2.70 or always implemented in the barangays. It is pursuant to the above mentioned law, on its controversy, the Department of Health give away contraceptives to the Local Government Units which the LGU’s distributed it among its barangays.
In summary, the parameter of facilities among its indicators obtained a grand mean of 2.34 or sometimes implemented. This is because majority of the indicators on facilities including its materials are very common and can be seen to the barangay on a day to day basis. However, the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz maintained to have these indicators that can be used to enhance and strengthen the services on violence against women as well as to support campaigns to end violence. In addition, implementers also believe that with the presence of these basic facilities and materials the service delivery of the government will be more dynamic.

1.3 Personnel
Personnel are those staffs which are directly related to the service delivery on violence against women, along with the qualifications and capabilities in providing such.
Table 3 presents the personnel who are directly involved on providing services regarding to violence against women.
In terms of sufficient number of personnel in providing violence against women related services in the barangay obtained a mean of 1.92 or sometimes implemented. It is mandated by the Department of the Interior and Local Government to have atleast two personnel in each barangay to provide direct services regarding to VAW and directly communicate to higher authority and other concerned agencies. In this manner, majority of the barangay only have one related personnel which is to known as the VAWC officer, it is because the barangay believed that having too much number of personnel may cause service paralysis. Subsequently, the Department of Social Welfare and Development also mandates the barangays to have at least one focal point person which is directly concerned to the services provided in terms of psychological and directly reporting to the department, and most of the time among the barangays in the municipality the focal point person is the barangay secretary. On the other hand, the Philippine National Police also mandated each barangay to have a Lupong Tagapamaya council which was consider as the first responder during conflict, also, these lupon may directly involve to the services in the absence of the Women’s and Children Protection Officer. Commonly the lupon is composed of Punong Baranagay as the Lupong Tagapamayapa and the Barangay Peacekeeping Officer (barangay tanod) as the Lupon Members.
Table 3
Evaluation of Personnel on Related Services on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean Adjectival Description
Barangay has sufficient personnel in providing VAW related services 1.92 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay has staff involved in Anti-VAW services
Designated GAD Office Staff 1.51 Sometimes Implemented
Anti-VAW Counselor 2.11 Sometimes Implemented
Designated barangay health worker 2.85 Always Implemented
Designated Lupon member and barangay tanod 2.60 Always Implemented
Designated Purok Leaders 2.39 Sometimes Implemented
Grand Mean 2.27 Sometimes Implemented

This was followed by individual staffs that designated to barangays to provide basic services such as the Gender and Development Office Staff obtained a mean of 1.51 or sometimes implemented. Based on the interview to the implementers of the program in case of emergency, the representative of the barangay will fetch the GAD officer in the LGU-GAD office or to transfer the victims to the office of GAD.
Anti-VAW counselor is sometimes implemented among the barangays in the municipality having the mean 2.11. In barangay level, the anti-VAW counselor is sometimes the secretary of the barangay which provided a proper, adequate and knowledgeable training that can cope to the needs of the victims. In overall, the Anti-VAW counselor of the municipality is always available to help the barangay level, and this counselor is usually a graduate of psychology which has enough knowledge to cater sensitive cases.
In addition, designated Barangay Health Worker got a mean of 2.85 or always implemented. Health workers are the barangay nurses which is considered as the first responder if the case is physical violence wherein these people are knowledgeable in basic medication and sometimes a certified first aider which complies with the given trainings by the Philippine Red Cross. According to the respondents, the barangay health workers are always available not in the barangay hall but in the barangay health center which is the barangay health center are only located nearest to the barangay hall.
However, the designated lupon member and barangay tanod got a mean of 2.60 or always implemented. This is pursuant to the set mandated of the Philippine National Police to have this lupon which composed of Lupong Tagapamayapa and the lupon members who are directly reporting to the Women’s and Children Protection Officer. Also, this lupon serve as the first responder during conflict and upon rescuring to reported violence cases, they were also serve as the escort of the victims during referral to other agencies and department.
Moreover, designated purok leaders got a mean of 2.39 or sometimes implemented. Purok leaders are chosen by the punong barangay in every barangays in the municipality. It is voluntary service without expecting for compensation. The researchers at first cannot figure out the importance of having purok leaders but during the interview, the punong barangay elaborated the importance of having purok leaders – purok leaders are the persons which are personally responsible in disseminating information. In relation to violence against women, purok leader’s role is to disseminate the adequate information regarding to the services on VAW.
After all, the parameters of personnel together with its indicators got a mean of 2.27 or sometimes implemented. Pursuant to the mandate of the Department of the Interior and Local Government, the Department of Social Welfare and Development and the Philippine National Police the barangays designated individual personnel and staffs that have separate responsibility but have the same goal to strengthen and enhance the services on violence against women as well as to support the commitment to end violence.

1.4 Trainings
Republic Act 9262 outlines and enumerated the basic training needed of a personnel or the service provider in order to effectively accomplish and perform their work.
The table 4 presented the trainings on violence against women which are related to enhance the personnel’s knowledge and capability upon performing their responsibility.
Table 4
Evaluation of Trainings on Related Services on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean Adjectival Description
Capacity Building Activities of VAW personnel
Staffs are knowledgeable about issues of human rights, violence against women, and trafficking in person
2.65
Always Implemented
Women’s Desk and GAD Office has qualified and well-trained personnel and service providers
2.51
Always Implemented
Staff trained in sensitive management 2.48 Always Implemented
Staffs are trained in the child-friendly and sensitive handling of VAW
2.46
Always Implemented
Staff handling VAW Cases is equipped:
i. Gender Analysis 2.50 Always Implemented
ii. Gender and responsive approach to Crisis Intervention
2.30
Sometimes Implemented
iii. Medical and legal literacy 2.35 Sometimes Implemented
iv. Self-care 2.22 Sometimes Implemented
v. Gender-responsive governance 2.55 Always Implemented
Grand Mean 2.47 Sometimes Implemented
The staffs are knowledgeable about issues of human rights, violence against women and trafficking in person obtained a mean of 2.65 or always implemented. To educate the personnel on different perspective of human rights, the municipality or the higher authority provides seminars and trainings to the personnel of barangays who is directly involved to the services. During the survey of the researchers to the Municipality of La Paz, the local government unit conducted a seminars entitled “Peace and Order and Violence Against Women” among the personnel in the barangay level. The aim of this seminar is to educate the personnel to the issues related to violence and to enhance peace and order in the community. According to the head of the Department of the Interior and Local Government in the municipality of La Paz, they conducted regular trainings and seminars which they believe that this will help to enhance the services of the personnel of the barangay in different area of service delivery.
Correspondingly, women’s desk and gender and development office staffs are qualified and well-trained service providers described as always implemented having a mean of 2.51. The head of every unit assure that they installed personnel who are equipped with knowledge on different issues concerning to human rights, as well as well-trained on different aspect of providing services to the clients. However, women’s desk is an important element that may cater and entertain related cases to women, therefore, the implementers believes that it is necessary to appoint a staffs who is knowledgeable and trained in different aspect concerning to service delivery.
Staffs are trained in sensitive management got a mean of 2.48 or sometimes implemented. According to the violence against women focal point person sensitive management training are given by the Department of Social Welfare and Development which primary concerned in giving services related to psychological counseling. Usually, the type of training included in this sense is to enhance the sensitivity and understanding of the personnel to easily cope up on different types of violence complaints.
The staffs are trained in the child-friendly and sensitive handling of violence against women gathered a mean of 2.46 or sometimes implemented. Pursuant to Republic Act 9262 otherwise known as the Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children, each of the personnel directly involved in related on services to VAW need to be trained on child friendly manner just for instance that the cases of VAW include the children. It is rated as sometimes implemented because most of the time the cases where the children is involved being transferred to the higher authority such as to the Department of Social Welfare and Development for counseling purposes.
Moreover, the equipped staffs on handling VAW Cases are subdivided into different areas of expertise. The area where staffs needed to be equipped on gender analysis got a mean of 2.22 or sometimes implemented. This is because the personnel need to evaluate and analyze what types of person or relation to affect the development of the problem. Also, gender analysis may show how was the problem going and what would be the possible remedy that should give to solved the conflict. This type of training is provided as well by the Department of Social Welfare and Development together with the Gender and Development of the Municipality.
The gender and responsive approach to crisis intervention garnered mean 2.30 or sometimes implemented. This may refer to approach of doing the action when it comes on assisting an individual or the victims on crisis situation. This training includes how to handle the problem and on providing the best remedy to resolve the conflict. According to the personnel in the Barangay Lara the Local Government Unit of La Paz together with the Tarlac State University – Gender and Development Unit provide this training at least once a year.
On the other hand, the medical and legal literacy training obtained a mean of 2.35 or sometimes implemented. Medical training are given by the Philippine Red Cross to the personnel on violence against women and other staff that’s main concern is to enhance the services on VAW. If the personnel underwent to this medical training the personnel were considered as a certified first aider that may perform basic first aid to the victims of violence especially on physical violence. In relation, legal literacy is given by the legal offices especially by the Public Attorney’s Office. The respondents of this study rated this indicator as sometimes implemented because trainings on legal literacy are not that usual in the barangays.
The training on self-care got a mean of 2.22 or sometimes implemented. According to the Municipal Social Welfare and Development head, self-care training is very essential in social work as a survival skill of a personnel or staffs. This seminar is a theoretical seminar which may help the personnel to enhance its ability to understand the situation of the victims or the survivor. Also, this includes the regular basis on how to reduce stress and to maintain the healthy well-being of the victims. This is described to be sometimes implemented because the higher authority did not provide trainings regularly regarding to self-care.
Furthermore, the training on gender-responsive governance is described as always implemented with a mean of 2.55. As mandated by the Department of the Interior and Local Government this training need to be always implemented because this will enhance the ability of the personnel and staff to contribute to and benefit from the development of gender and equality. In addition, the content of this training will provide mechanism to articulate to the commitment of the society to end violence.
After all, the parameters of trainings together with its indicators obtained a grand mean of 2.47 or sometimes implemented. Trainings are partly needed to enhance and strengthen the services on violence against women. The Municipality of La Paz together with the Department of the Interior and Local Government, the Department of Social Welfare and Development, the Philippine National Police, the Gender and Development Office of the Municipality and the other agencies concerning to the services on violence against women will regularly conduct seminars and trainings to the personnel in the barangays on different areas of expertise. The implementer of the programs believes that upon educating the personnel on different aspects of services, this will help to enhance and empower the basic service delivery.

1.5 Knowledge, Attitude, Skills and Ethics of Work
Knowledge, Attitude, Skills and Ethics of Work is abbreviated as KASHEW. This is the qualification of the staffs and personnel in terms of their knowledge and attitude, this also a personal insight on how does the staffs and personnel handle the VAW Cases.
Table 5 the comparison between the evaluation of implementers and the community citizen regarding to knowledge, attitude, skills, habits and ethics of work on related services on violence against women in the Municipality of La Paz. It presents the insights of VAW implementers and the community citizen. However, the number of implementers’ respondents is greater than the number of community respondents, to be specific; the total number of implementers’ respondents is 80 while the community citizen is 50.
The implementers’ of violence against women related services rated the accepting and non-judgemental as sometimes implemented with a mean of 2.24. They believes that it is necessary to the appointed barangay personnel to have this type of ethics of work, the personnel need to listen and understand more to the cases being reported and accept it all throughout. While the community citizen rated this as sometimes implemented with a mean of 2.20, this is because the community believes that everyone has different attitude and beliefs when it comes on accepting cases and complaints. On the other hand, this indicator was rated as sometimes implemented with a mean of 2.22. Based on the result of implementers and citizen evaluation, this indicator needs to be further practiced among the personnel and staffs as well as to the working area.
In the comparison of the indicator of sensitive and sincere, it was given by the implementer a rating of always implemented with a mean of 2.53. This is because the implementers thought that regular training on sensitive management can help to enhance the sense of sincerity and sensitivity of the personnel and staff. Sensitivity in any types of violence need to be practiced by the staffs all times so that they can easily come up into a remedy and can easily cope up on handling the case. On the other hand, the citizen rated this as sometimes implemented with a mean of 2.30 because they see that the personnel need to practice more on how to handle the case on sincere manner as well as on how to treat the victims sensitively. Based on the interview to the citizen, sometimes they felt uncomfortable on talking on the personnel on violence against women because it seems that the personnel are not sincere on providing basic services. As can be seen, the overall grand mean of this indicator is 2.42 or sometimes implemented which simply describe that this indicator need to enhance and practice by the personnel on handling violence against women cases to enhance the services which is related to violence against women.
Table 5
Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude, Skills, Habit and Ethics of Work of Related Services on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean
Implementers Adjectival Description Mean
Citizens Adjectival Description Grand Mean Adjectival Description
Sensitive and Sincere 2.53 Always Implemented 2.30 Sometimes Implemented 2.42 Sometimes Implemented
Patient and Understanding 2.74 Always Implemented 2.02 Sometimes Implemented 2.38 Sometimes Implemented
Empathetic 2.39 Sometimes Implemented 2.26 Sometimes Implemented 2.33 Sometimes Implemented
Firm commitment to end VAW 2.63 Always Implemented 2.00 Sometimes Implemented 2.32 Sometimes Implemented
Observe safeguard and confidentiality 2.61 Always Implemented 1.90 Sometimes Implemented 2.26 Sometimes Implemented
Accepting and Non-Judgemental 2.24 Sometimes Implemented 2.20 Sometimes Implemented 2.22 Sometimes Implemented
Total Grand Mean 2.52 Always Implemented 2.11 Sometimes Implemented 2.32 Sometimes Implemented
In terms of patient and understanding, it was rated by the implementers as always implemented with a mean of 2.74. As the implementers’ of the program, they believed that they have been appointed qualified personnel who can practice given requirements on providing basic services. This was includes that personnel or staff should practice all the time on how to understand different cases and on how to handle it patiently. While the citizen rated this indicator as sometimes implemented with a mean of 2.02, this is because personnel in the barangays did not put their self on the victims’ situation so that they cannot understand what the victims felt. They believed that the personnel and staff do not have wide knowledge and patience on handling VAW related cases. Given these points, the patient and understanding obtained a mean of 2.38 on the combination result of implementers’ and the citizen. Since, it was sometimes implemented the barangay personnel and staffs should comply on properly practicing patience on handling cases and applying different mechanism on how to understand violence against women related cases.
In the same manner, empathetic was both rated by thee implementers and the citizen as sometimes implemented with a mean of 2.39 and 2.26. This indicator may refer to the degree and ability to understand the feelings of the victims and survivor. In compliance to the above statement where the personnel and staff should practice patient and understanding, empathetic is closely committed on how the personnel should understand the sensitive cases. On the other hand, this area obtained a grand mean of 2.33 or sometimes implemented so that this area should strongly reinforce to the personnel and staffs.
Also, the firm commitment to end violence against women this was rated by the implementers as always implemented having a mean of 2.63. This is because the implementers’ of the program describe that the commitment of the personnel and staff is strong and dedicated to end violence against women. The effort that has been put up by the implementers to achieved gender equality can be rated as too much. However, the citizen cannot see strong and dedicated personnel to end violence especially on violence against women therefore the citizen rated this as sometimes implemented with a mean of 2.00. In the final analysis, this indicator of knowledge, attitude, skills, habits and ethics f work got a mean of 2.32 or sometimes implemented. It is because the willingness of the personnel and staffs or even the citizen of the community to end violence and achieved peace in not enough. So, the municipality should mandate each of the barangay to properly practice this ethics of work and enumerate different mechanism to firmly achieve the campaigns and programs to end violence against women.
The indicator of observe safeguard and confidentiality was rated by the implementer as always implemented with a mean of 2.61. This is because the personnel and staff believed that they can remain the information confidential and cannot be disclosed to everyone. While, the citizen rated as sometimes implemented with a mean of 1.90, because most of the time the personnel and staff did not value the integrity of the information that need to remain confidential. On the other hand, this indicator got a mean of 2.26 as the combination result of the implementers and the citizen’s insights.
The parameter of knowledge, attitude, skills, habits and ethics of work together with its indicator obtained a grand mean of 2.32 or sometimes implemented. The aim of this comparative discussion is to evaluate the work ethics of the personnel and staffs. It was described that majority of the indicators are not fully compliance on the given requirements to provide basic services on violence against women. Attitude became skills and habit if it is always practiced on the day to day basis.

1.6 Services
Services on Violence Against Women are subdivided into areas. It extensively believed that separating areas of expertise can give a better and wider service to its clientele. Services are subdivided into three namely; Anti-Violence Against Women Programs and Services, Services Procedures and Protocols and Referral System and Linkages.
1.6.1 Anti-Violence Against Women
It is specific programs and projects to address on violence against women, provides basic services for victims and survivors and performs services needed by marginalized women (DILG, 2008).
The table presents the services on anti-violence against women and its sub-indicators to measure the compliance of the Municipality when it comes to delivering basic services.
The anti-violence against women services on establishing programs and services on violence against women and their children obtained a mean of 2.72 or always implemented. Pursuant to Republic Act 9262, the guidelines, procedures and protocols that are enumerated in this are mandated to follow by the barangay in order to eliminate the violence against women. On the other hand, establishing different services of the barangay are always compliance to the limitation and scope of the Republic Act 9262. According to the municipal head of gender and development unit, all the supporting services and programs that the locality created are compliance to the given structures, standards and limitation of this code because upon giving services related to violence against women and children, the Republic Act 9262 was used as the mother basis of all policies and ordinances.
Table 6
Evaluation of Anti-Violence Against Women Programs and Services on Related Services on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean Adjectival Description
Established programs and services on VAWC (RA 9262) 2.72 Always Implemented
Conduct home visits and follow up on VAW cases received 2.27 Sometimes Implemented
Giving barangay protection order to the VAW victims and survivors 2.15 Sometimes Implemented
Established Committee on Decorum and Investigation (CODI) 2.12 Sometimes Implemented
Barangay women’s help desk perform services needed
by the victims/survivors primarily:
a. Securing police assistance 2.52 Always Implemented
b. Securing medical services 2.23 Always Implemented
c. Securing medico-legal services 1.78 Sometimes Implemented
d. Securing legal services 2.26 Sometimes Implemented
e. Securing temporary shelter 1.49 Never Implemented
Grand Mean 2.17 Sometimes Implemented

Conducting of home visits obtained a mean of 2.27 or sometimes implemented. it is mandated by the DILG to conduct home visit to the victims of Violence Against Women. Sometimes implemented in the municipality because not all the barangays are complying to this. And because some victims doesn’t want to be visited by the officials of Violence Against Women, because they feel that they are letdown by others. With the existence of logbooks and record books the VAW complaints are being monitored regularly, the responsible officer must conduct home visit to the victim until the complaint exceeded the maximum months of monitoring. According to the respondents, conducting of home visits for violence against women victims serves as the methods to monitor the action for Violence Against Women implementers. In cases filed at Philippine National Police, it is the responsibility of Women’s and Children Protection Desk officer to visit the violence against women victim.
In addition, giving Barangay Protection Order got a mean of 2.15 or sometimes implemented. Barangay Protection Order is usually release by the Office of the Barangay Council and the signatory officer is the Punong Barangay. It is similarly like an alternative to temporary Restraining Order given by the Philippine National Police. In case of emergency, without the presence of barangay protection order, the Punong Barangays are allowed to rescue and make a demand letter. But, in case of filing legal complaints to higher authority, barangay protection order is also needed. It is sometimes implemented in the municipality, because some of the respondents do not know about what barangay protection order is all about and who are persons that can file and get barangay protection order. Barangay officials and staffs do not explain to their citizens what barangay protection order for and most of the barangay as well do not implement the proper posting of posters and flowcharts regarding to Barangay Protection Order.
The established Committee on Decorum and Investigation (CODI) obtained a mean of 2.12 or sometimes implemented. Committee on Decorum and Investigation is mandated to established by the Civil Service Commission pursuant to Resolution No 01-0490 also known as Rules on Sexual Harassment. It is sometimes implemented among the barangays in the municipality, because most of the barangays do not have this committee because they believe that too much personnel involved or assigned in the delivery of services may lead to an organizational paralysis. However, this committee is existing on the Local Government Unit of La Paz.
The indicator was barangay women’s help desk is divided into five sub-areas. First, securing police assistance obtained a mean of 2.52 or always implemented. It is mandated by the Department of the Interior and Local Government to secure the partnership between the agencies which is directly related to the services on Violence Against Women. The barangays are responsible to accompany the victims of Violence Against Women until the victim got the security of the police. It is always implemented among the barangays in the municipality, because majority of them are complying with the said requirements. The barangays follows the guidelines about how to provide services on victims of Violence Against Women. Having complied with this, barangays shows that they can give the public better services. Police assistance plays a vital role especially on the cases that cannot be handled and exceeded the limitations of the barangay level. It is also the responsibility of the Philippine National Police to release Temporary Restraining Order in the absence of releasing Barangay Protection Order by the barangays.
This was followed securing the medical services got a mean of 2.23 or sometimes implemented. It is only sometimes implemented because not all the barangays in the municipality are conducting certain methods to secure medical services. Barangays are passing the Violence against Women victims to higher authorities if they cannot provide the services needed, even though they are required to secure the services for the victim. Barangays seek help to the nearest public hospital in case of emergency. Contact numbers and other information of hospitals should be available in the barangays or in Violence Against Women centers.
On securing the medico-legal services gathered a mean of 1.78 or sometimes implemented. In the Municipality of La Paz not all the barangays are conducting medico-legal services for the victims of violence against women. Some are transferring the victims to the higher authorities to conduct the medico-legal. Medico-legal refers to something which is also related to medical assistance needed by the victim or complainant. Medico-legal services are conducted by the officer of the Philippine National Police. However, the result of medico-legal services can be used as evidence upon filing of case.
In addition, legal services which got a mean of 2.26 or sometimes implemented. Legal assistance is basically given to the complainants or victims who are seeking for advice coming from a lawyer to file a legal action. The legal department provided by the barangays is the Public Attorney’s Office (PAO) in their municipality. Based on the interview conducted by the researchers, seeking for legal advice before planning to file legal cases is necessary for the victim to be able to know and understand what nature of action should be made. It is sometimes implemented in the municipality, because not all the barangays are complying with this. The reason behind is that barangays do not have enough facilities and equipment to conduct such service like this.
Furthermore, securing temporary shelter got a mean of 1.49 or equivalent to never implemented area. It is very unusual among the barangays to provide exclusive temporary shelters for the victims of violence but different alternatives and mechanism that the barangay is using. Usually, vacant spaces on the barangay halls are used as temporary shelter of the victim. The barangay is unable to provide temporary shelters because of budget they have. And according to the respondents there is no sufficient area in building shelters especially in barangays that have small area. And VAW victims are usually staying in the house of their relatives.
Thus, the parameter of services as the indicators of anti-violence against women programs and services together with its indicator obtained the grand mean of 2.17 and be described as sometimes implemented. Because of not fulfilling the necessities in the parameter barangays cannot comply to provide services which are related on violence against women. Barangays should become observant on the things that are needed the most upon supporting the Republic Act 9262.

1.6.2 Service Procedures and Protocols
It is protocols and procedural guidelines to standardize ad facilitate not only service delivery but also the terms that will be used in documentation, monitoring and evaluation of Anti-VAW Services (DILG, 2009).
The table 7 shows the safekeeping of records with a mean of 2.82 or always implemented. Records may refer to black and white papers and other related documents that can be used as evidence as well as to use as data. In the municipality of La Paz, the safekeeping or Violence Against Women records are being followed by the VAW staffs. It is necessary to value the integrity of the records. Records must be kept to preserve the confidentiality of data. It is the responsibility of the barangay as well as the staff to remain the records confidential to the public.
Table 7
Evaluation on Service Procedures and Protocols of Related Services on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean Adjectival Description
The procedures and protocols that is observed, written and established:
Safekeeping of records 2.82 Always Implemented
Referral for services to other agencies 2.50 Always Implemented
Monitoring and evaluation of Anti-VAW services 2.46 Sometimes Implemented
Handling of VAW cases 2.16 Sometimes Implemented
Issuance of Barangay Protection Order 2.08 Sometimes Implemented
Case Management 2.02 Sometimes Implemented
Crisis Intervention and intake, including rescue, assessing and ensuring 2.00 Sometimes Implemented
Grand mean 2.29 Sometimes Implemented
Referral for services to other agencies gathered the mean of 2.50 or always implemented. The barangays in the municipality complies with this area. Almost all the barangays has provided referral forms for services to other agencies. Barangay should have the list of agencies that offers related services on violence against women, such as these agencies and departments are the Department of the Interior and the Local Government, Department of Social Welfare and Development, Philippine National Police, Department of Health, Department of Education and other Non-Governmental Organizations.
Monitoring and evaluation of Anti-VAW gathered a mean of 2.46 or sometimes implemented. It is necessary in every barangay to monitor the Anti-VAW for them to have better service delivery regarding to the program. Upon monitoring the Anti-VAW services it is important to evaluate the services from the lowest to highest for them to know what would be the services needed in the area. The monitoring and evaluation of the program in the municipality is not always followed. Some of the barangays has its own rules. This leads into lower evaluation of the programs, in order to achieve a high one the barangays should strictly follow the rules and guidelines provided by the DILG.
In addition, handling of VAW cases obtained a mean of 2.16 or sometimes implemented among the barangays in the municipality. It is widely believed, that the result on having the proper work ethics may have vital effect on handling Violence Against Women cases. Personnel who have this work ethics may handle a complicated situation on a professional manner. The cause of having a sometimes implemented area is because some of the barangays in the municipality handling of VAW cases is being passed to another person if they cannot perform their duties. That’s why mishandling of cases are happened.
Issuance of barangay protection order got a mean of 2.08 or sometimes implemented. As stated on other tables, barangays in the municipality do not comply on having a display of posters on how to get barangay protection order. Barangay Protection Order is similarly compared to as temporary restraining order issued by the Philippine National Police. The issuance of Barangay protection order usually takes 1-2 hours or if needed it can be signed immediately. Being described as sometimes implemented area means, the barangay are not following the mandated guidelines of the DILG with regards to the display of poster on how to get barangay protection order. There are several reason why this only got a sometimes.
Case management obtained a mean of 2.02 or described as sometimes implemented. Since the barangay believed that their decision will only be limited on the amicable settlement. Case management, especially on confidential cases will be transferred to higher authorities. This may mean that the barangays are not also having a full amenability when it case management. It is important to be responsible in keeping all the data that have been collected. Be sure that cases must be kept to remain the confidentiality of the case.
Moreover, crisis intervention and intake, including rescue, assessing and ensuring is another area on services guidelines and protocols having the mean of 2.00 and be described as sometimes implemented. In terms of rescuing the victims of Violence Against Women, it is necessary that the Philippine National Police would be escorted or accompanied by the barangay tanod and the barangay lupon for legal purposes. This area does not fully comply with the asked requirements by the higher authorities. Barangays should be aware on mandated guidelines given by the Department of the Interior and Local Government and other partner agencies.
To sum it up, the evaluation on services procedures and protocols obtained a mean of 2.29 which is sometimes implemented among the barangays of the municipality. Thus, this parameter on service delivery need to increase and doubled its effort to sustain the Anti-Violence Against Women program. The barangays cannot cater all the VAW victims and survivors with the services enlisted by the higher authorities who facilitate Violence Against Women, because they do not have plenty of resources that should be used in continuing to provide such services.

1.6.3 Referral System and Linkages
It is an alternative way to extend the scope of the related services on violence against women. It is a formal partnership of the Local Government Units with other agency stakeholders.
Table 8 presents the third area of the parameter of services which is the evaluation on the referral systems and linkages of the Municipality of La Paz particularly among its barangays.
The anti-violence against women services on establishing programs and services on violence against women and their children obtained a mean of 2.72 or always implemented. Pursuant to Republic Act 9262, the guidelines, procedures and protocols that are enumerated in this are mandated to follow by the barangay in order to eliminate the violence against women. On the other hand, establishing different services of the barangay are always compliance to the limitation and scope of the Republic Act 9262. According to the municipal head of gender and development unit, all the supporting services and programs that the locality created are compliance to the given structures, standards and limitation of this code because upon giving services related to violence against women and children, the Republic Act 9262 was used as the mother basis of all policies and ordinances.
Table 8
Evaluation of Referral System and Linkages of Related Services on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean Adjectival Description
The barangay has connection to any Civil Society Organization 2.45 Sometimes Implemented
The barangay has connection to any Private Organizations 2.38 Sometimes Implemented
The barangay has the following list of agencies and organizations to which VAW victims and survivors can be referred to:
a. Legal Assistance 2.15 Sometimes Implemented
b. Psycho-social Services 1.95 Sometimes Implemented
c. Medico-legal services 1.83 Sometimes Implemented
d. Livelihood Development and Employment Assistance 2.08 Sometimes Implemented
Grand Mean 2.14 Sometimes Implemented

It shows the connection of the barangays to any Civil Society Organization which obtained a mean of 2.45 and described as sometimes implemented among the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz. This area is sometimes implemented, because not all the barangays are reaching out to Civil Society Organizations. They do not know what the essence of reaching out to CSO is. Civil Society Organization plays important role in building gender equality and women’s right, as enhancing and developing good governance in the barangay especially on the service delivery of Violence Against Women. Also, the reason why barangays got this kind of implementation is because they believe that they can provide service delivery to the public without the assistance of the CSO. They do not think on the other side on what having connection to CSO can lead to.
Barangay connection to Private Organizations got a mean of 2.38 or sometimes implemented. It is important to have connections with the Private Organization as well. Having connection to Civil Society Organization are also similar on having connection to Private Organizations. It is also sometimes implemented in the municipality, because again barangays do not know what the importance of connecting to other Organizations is. It is necessary to have partnership to any private organization for strengthening the programs and enhance the service delivery. Based on the interview conducted by the researchers, some of the barangays value the partnership with any other private organization who gives a helping hand to sustain the delivering of services on the related services on Violence Against Women. One of the main point why private organization is existing in the barangay level it is because this private organizations may help to strengthen and sustain the services delivery in terms of financial support through donations and grants came from other partner agencies.
On the other hand, the next area enumerated the list of agencies and types services or assistance does the victims and survivors may be referred to.
Legal Assistance obtained a mean of 2.15 and be described as sometimes implemented among the barangays in the municipality. Legal assistance is basically given to the complainants or victims who are seeking for advice coming from a lawyer to file a legal action. The legal department provided by the barangays is the Public Attorney’s Office (PAO) in their municipality. Based on the interview conducted by the researchers, seeking for legal advice before planning to file legal cases is necessary for the victim to be able to know and understand what nature of action should be made. It is sometimes implemented in the municipality, because not all the barangays are complying with this. The reason behind is that barangays do not have enough facilities and equipment to conduct such service like this. That’s why the barangays are transferring the victims of Violence Against Women to higher authorities, so that the needed action should be done.
Psycho-social services obtained a mean of 1.95 or sometimes implemented. Based from the respondent’s answer, some of the barangays do not conduct or perform psych-social counseling; it is because they do not have sufficient knowledge on giving this such services. That is why barangays are transferring the Violence Against Women victims to higher agencies. In that way, victims are more given advices on what they are going to do. Usually, victims who are seeking for psycho-social service may be referred by the barangay to the Department of Social Welfare and Development for local counseling, and after transferring the victims to DSWD, it is the discretion of the agency on what services they provide to the victims.
In addition, medico-legal assistance gathered a mean of 1.83 or sometimes implemented. Medico-legal assistance is given to the victims and survivors of violence against women who undergone physical abuse and sexual abuse. In the Municipality of La Paz not all the barangays are conducting medico-legal services for the victims of violence against women. Some are transferring the victims to the higher authorities to conduct the medico-legal. Medico-legal services are conducted by the officer of the Philippine National Police. However, the result of medico-legal services can be used as evidence upon filing of case. Office of the Barangay Council may write a demand letter to the nearest provincial hospital as a referral letter that may be presented to avail free consultation and the result may use as evidence upon filing of complaints.
Livelihood Development and Employment Assistance got a mean of 2.08 or sometimes implemented. The Department of the Interior and Local Government together with the Local Government Unit of La Paz, in line with the economic development they should provide livelihood assistance to victims of violence against women. But, it seems that in the interview, giving of livelihood assistance and employment assistance are not being followed because they cannot cater all the victims to provide the livelihood. Referral to the victims to this type of livelihood is important for them to sustain their personal basic needs and wants. Livelihood development aims to help its clientele to learn on socio-economic development.
However, the overall mean of this parameter together with the indicator gathered 2.14 which majority of the study’s respondents that the area is sometimes implemented. It seems that this area needs to be monitored so that they can enhance and sustain the delivery of services to the public. It is important to comply with the mandated guidelines made by the DILG. It shows that staffs are responsible and promotes good governance.

1.7 Research, Monitoring and Evaluation
It is the monitoring of the Local Government Units to the compliance of the barangays on the related services on Violence Against Women. Documentation and evaluation form may be used in this area.
Table 9 presents the evaluation on research, monitoring and evaluation of related services on violence against women. As shown in the table, periodic meetings and orientation on staffs of VAW obtained the highest position with a mean of 2.58 or always implemented. Periodic meetings may refer also to conference. It is essential to conduct meetings and orient staffs so that they can perform well in their working areas. In the municipality, they make sure to have meetings in the barangays, because this is one of the ways on how they can communicate to the citizens. Through the meetings conducted, public will be informed about what is happening in their surroundings
This was followed by data are submitted to concerned agencies obtained a mean of 2.55 and rated as always implemented. The focal point person of Violence Against Women staff assure that she forwards the data collected about violence against women to the concerned agencies. This shows that the person involved is responsible in doing her works. They see to it that to comply with the needed requirements. Being responsible shows accountability and transparency.

Table 9
Evaluation of Research, Monitoring and Evaluation of Related Services on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean Adjectival Description
Periodic meetings and orientations on staffs involves in VAW cases 2.58 Always Implemented
Data are submitted to concerned agencies (DSWD, DILG, etc.) 2.55 Always Implemented
Intake forms are always available 2.30 Sometimes Implemented
Data are analyzed and utilized as input to policy and program development and implementation 2.28 Sometimes Implemented
Discussion and consultation with stakeholders 1.60 Sometimes Implemented
Mechanism to facilitate the flow of information and gather feedback from stakeholders are in place 1.54 Sometimes Implemented
The barangay has an existing database on reported cases of VAW 1.51 Sometimes Implemented
The barangay database of cases includes:
a. Data of victims/survivors 2.52 Always Implemented
b. Data on perpetrator 1.76 Sometimes Implemented
c. Data on interventions 1.46 Never Implemented
d. Data on case status 2.47 Sometimes Implemented
The barangay database manage the following information:
I. Database on VAW programs profile 2.62 Always Implemented
II. Accomplishments and impact report 2.61 Always Implemented
III. Financial status 2.51 Always Implemented
There is a system of monitoring through:
a. Home visit 2.43 Sometimes Implemented
b. Case conferences 1.41 Never Implemented
c. Consultation with partners agencies 2.48 Sometimes Implemented
VAW cases accomplishment report are submitted to the following:
a. Barangay Committee on Women 1.8 Sometimes Implemented
b. Sangguniang Barangay 2.58 Always Implemented
c. Higher Local Government Units 2.47 Sometimes Implemented
d. DILG 2.72 Always Implemented
e. Community/Constituents 1.45 Never Implemented
The barangay use the following media for reporting news
a. news letter 1.80 Sometimes Implemented
b. poster 1.30 Never Implemented
c. annual reports 2.59 Always Implemented
d. Audio Visual Media 1.35 Never Implemented
Grand Mean 2.10 Sometimes Implemented

Intake forms are always available got a mean 2.30 or sometimes implemented. An intake form refers to the forms which will be filled out by the Violence Against Women victim during the interview of the victim. This form contains the personal information of the victim such as the name of the victim, age and address. As well as the name of the staff who conducted the preliminary interview to the victim. It also includes the type of violence committed and the date. Forms are printed and given by the barangay. This is only sometimes implemented, because occasionally forms are not available in VAW centers due to lacking of resources. The barangays together with the Violence Against Women personnel or official should be responsible on checking if there are available intake forms in VAW centers. This is because intake forms are one of the requirements needed in filing complaints to higher agencies like the Philippine National Police. This will serve as the basis of the officer on what action should be taken.
Data are analyzed and utilized gathered a mean of 2.28 or sometimes implemented. Based from the respondents, in the municipality data analyzation and utilization is being followed but not all times. Because, there are some personnel who are not giving importance on analyzing the data they have. Most of the barangays in the municipality of La Paz do not comply with this area. This happens because they think that is already okay to provide such services needed but they do not think on the other side. It is important to analyze and utilize data so that they can expand the services they delivered to the public. Then again there barangays who complies with the data analyzation and utilization, because some of the them in the municipality hardly believed that if they analyzed and utilized the data properly in will have a better result in which they can use it to strengthen the campaign.
Moreover, discussion and consultation with stakeholders got a mean of 1.60 and be described as sometimes implemented. Discussion and consultation can be also a form of meetings with the parties can either affect or be affected. Through the discussion held among the barangays opinions of both parties can be heard, though not all the barangays are implementing to have discussion and consultation with stakeholders. According to the respondents, they are having discussion and consultation with their stakeholders to seek help for strengthening and enhancing the program which is related in providing the services on violence against women. The importance of having the interaction or discussion with the stakeholders is that they are given chances to express or explain what is inside the program until they encourage their stakeholders to support them in the spreading the awareness on violence against women as well in supporting the barangay financially. Both parties can freely speak for their opinions.
Mechanism to facilitate the flow of information and gather feedback from stakeholders obtained the mean of 1.54 or sometimes implemented. Based from the Violence Against Women and their Children Manual there are different kinds of instrument that should be used to gather information. Some of the instruments used are through newsletter, posters, and other media. With the use of these instruments information will be spread throughout its citizenries. The reason behind why this area got only sometimes implemented because there are barangays which are not exerting their utmost effort to fulfill the needed requirements. Some of the barangays in the municipality of La Paz is not making other methods or techniques on how they can inform their citizens about the related services on violence against women. The barangay is one of the responsible agents for spreading news which is in line to eradicate violence against women.
The barangay has an existing database on reported cases of Violence Against Women got a mean of 1.51 or sometimes implemented. Based from the manual, each barangays is mandated to have database on reported cases of VAW. It is to monitor the cases of Violence Against Women whether it is increasing, decreasing or maintains the number of victims throughout the year. It is sometimes implemented in the Municipality, because some of the barangays were not committed in keeping of records of VAW victims. Database is about the records of VAW victims. Database mainly refers to the keeping of records with the use of computers. But in the case of the barangays in the municipality only few barangays are using computers, especially the barangays in urban areas which are the barangay San Isidro and barangay San Roque. These two barangays can afford to avail equipment because they have more funds than the other barangays that are found in rural areas in the municipality.
In addition, the next area is which the barangay database of cases is divided into four (4) sub-areas. Data of victims and/or survivors obtained a mean of 2.52 or always implemented. This happens because the VAW staffs makes sure to get all the information needed. Data of victims or survivors includes the name, age, address and the kind of violence occurred. The VAW staffs perform their work in accordance with their responsibility. They see to it that they got all the information of the VAW victim. And the data will be kept in safe place.
Data on perpetrator has an adjectival description of sometimes implemented and got a mean of 1.76. Data on perpetrator contains the name of the emitter, as well the age and the address. Perpetrator refers to the person who carries harmful or immoral act. This only got sometimes implemented among the barangays, because VAW staffs are more focused on the victims rather than the perpetrator. Because they think that victims needs more attention.
Data on intervention obtained the mean of 1.46 or never implemented. Intervention is more likely to mediation. It is mandated by the Department of the Interior and Local Government to acquire data during the interview made. Data on intervention contains the techniques used to facilitate the mediation. The respondent’s answers never implemented, because barangay VAW personnel are not collecting data needed.
Data on case status got a mean of 2.47 or sometimes implemented. Collecting the data on case status is important. Because through this they can easily monitor the reported cases on Violence Against Women. The barangay VAW staffs are responsible to keep all the reported case. In the Municipality of La Paz, the enactment of keeping the data of case status is not well implemented; some of the barangays do not practice to perform their duties and responsibilities in accordance with the needed action. Keeping of records is necessary. In order for them to comply with requirements needed.
Moreover, the barangay database manages the data on VAW program profile has a mean of 2.62 and described as always implemented. Every barangay is mandated by the Department of the Interior and Local Government together with the Gender And Development office of the Municipality to conform with the requirements made by them. VAW program profile includes the vision, mission, goals, and objectives as well as the plan of action to eliminate Violence Against Women. The barangays in the municipality fulfils to manage the data on Violence Against Women profile. This is to enhance the service delivery to the public.
The barangay database manages the accomplishments and impact reports gathered a mean of 2.61 or always implemented. Pursuant to DILGs-Violence Against Women manual, each of the barangays are required to submit accomplishment and impact reports. It seems that in this area majority of the barangays in the Municipality are complying with managing the accomplishment reports of their barangays. This is because through their accomplishment reports they can easily monitor who among the barangays are complying. And also through the accomplishment reports they can already see if the barangays are following the guidelines created by the Department of the Interior and Local Government. In this area, the barangays seems to get done the accomplishment reports on Violence Against Women.
The barangay database manages the financial status got a mean of 2. 51 that falls under the adjectival description of always implemented. Also in this area it seems that almost all the barangays are tend to manage the data on financial. The VAW personnel who are responsible should keep all the data with regards to the financial status. Through having the database on financial, the barangay can definitely monitor the current status of their resources. It seems that the barangays in the municipality is strictly following the guidelines in managing their financial resources. Without financial resources the organization cannot provide services to the public. Financial resources are considered as one of the essential component in implementing such policies. It is because without the financial resources the barangays cannot provide good quality services to its people.
Furthermore, there is a system of monitoring through home visits obtained the mean of 2.43 or sometimes implemented. Based from the respondents, home visits will help the victims to recover easily from the violence, because they have someone whom they can talk with. It is sometimes implemented in some of the barangays because according to them victims do not want to be visited in their houses, because they pity there self. Victims want to be on their own. The reason why home visiting is only sometimes implemented because hearsays might arise from neighbors that leads to misunderstanding on the issue on violence against women. With the conducting of home visits of the officials VAW victims may acquire criticisms that make them feel uncomfortable. And with that they may become hopeless, because of the things that they hear from others. VAW personnel knew that they are responsible for conducting home visits because it is also one of the ways on how they can monitor the status of the victims. But, as a sign of respect they follow the wants of the victims.
System of monitoring through case conferences got a mean of 1.41 or never implemented. Although it is mandated by the DILG, barangay do not fulfil their works because most of the barangays do not conduct case conferences, it is because they only have limited resources. Case conferences are held with the Violence Against Women victim or survivor together with the officer. It is to make sure that the victim is in the stage of recovering. But in the case of the barangays in the municipality almost all the barangays do not conduct case conferences. This happens because of so many reasons; one of those is already mentioned. To conduct a successful case conference needs also money. Because if the barangays do not have the money then how they can conduct such service.
System of monitoring through consultation with partner agencies gathered a mean of 2.48 or sometimes implemented. It is commanded to have consultation with Civil Society Organizations and Private Organizations. The barangays has only limited information about Violence Against Women that is why they need to consult with the partner agencies to give them information and also suggestions. But, among the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz only few of them are consulting with the partner agencies. This is because barangays do not have enough knowledge that they need to consult to Civil Society Organization and Private Organizations. They have to consult with them so that they can hear the opinion of others and these partner agencies can help them in terms of financial. It is important to consult with the partner agencies so that they will be encourage to support the program in terms of financial as well as in other terms. *
Additionally, Violence Against Women cases accomplishment report are submitted into different agencies. VAW cases accomplishment reports are submitted to Barangay Committee on Women got 1.80 as its mean and has an adjectival description of sometimes implemented. It is necessary to inform Women in the barangay. But in this case, some of the barangays do not submit their accomplishment on Barangay Committee on Women, because they prioritize the other areas. Simply because it will need so much time to comply with the requirements. Barangays thinks that it is more important to submit their reports to other agencies which needed to be prioritized.
VAW cases accomplishment reports are submitted to Sangguniang Barangay gathered the mean of 2.58 or always implemented. Barangays should submit their VAW cases accomplishment report to the Sangguniang barangay, so that they can perceive the real status of eliminating Violence Against Women in the barangays. The barangays makes sure to submit their accomplishment report, if not they will be called as irresponsible. It is important to submit accomplishment reports to Sangguniang Barangay because in that way, the barangays can easily monitor the real status of the program which is the related services on violence against women.
VAW cases accomplishment reports are submitted to Higher Local Government Units obtained the mean of 2.47 or sometimes implemented. Some of the barangays are not submitting their accomplishment reports on Violence Against Women, because they think that it is not necessary to submit to higher LGU. But the thing that they do not know is that submitting accomplishment report to LGU is crucial because it is their way to determine what things should be prioritized in different barangays of the municipality.
Accomplishment reports are submitted to the Department of the Interior and Local Government which obtained a high mean at 2.72 and rated as always implemented. Almost of the barangays are succumbing their accomplishment reports to DILG, because barangays are afraid to be get reprimanded by the DILG which is one the Departments that promoting to end Violence Against Women.
VAW cases are submitted to community and/or constituents got the lowest mean at 1.45 or never implemented. The reason behind is that barangays thinks that it is not important to give accomplishment report on Violence Against Women. But the thing that they do not know is giving copies of accomplishment reports to the community is vital, because constituents are necessary in order for the barangays to enhance the services that they are delivering to the people. Without the help of the people, barangays would not become more developed. It is because people are the main source of developing.
The last area, the barangays use new letter as the media for reporting obtained the mean of 1.80 or sometimes implemented. Newsletters are found in local circulation of the barangays. It includes in the newsletter the current status of Violence Against Women, number of reported cases on VAW and other information that is important to know the public. It is sometimes implemented in the municipality, because some of the barangays do not tend to have newsletter. This is because barangays especially in the rural areas cannot cater to provide such materials to inform the citizens. According to some of our respondents which are the officials they said that they are doing the practicality of life. If they cannot provide they will find another way on how to disseminate the information.
The barangays used poster got a mean of 1.30 or never implemented. It is mandated by the Gender And Development Office to provide posters used as the media for reporting news. but, it seems that barangays in the municipality are not conforming with the mandate given by the GAD Office. It is because barangays cannot provide to have and print posters because the money that is for printing is being distributed in other areas in which can help to improve in providing services. It is the same with the other one. Barangays in the Municipality of La Paz do not provide posters to disseminate information. Thus, this area should be prioritized by higher government.
Annual reports gathered a mean of 2.59 or always implemented. Annual reports are like accomplishment reports. Barangays are following the guidelines about having completed the annual reports, because annual report will serve as the monitoring agent of the higher authorities. Complying with the annual reports is necessary, simply because the officials will look on this as the basis in evaluating the officers as well as their works. Through the annual reports submitted by the barangays it will spread information about stopping Violence Against Women. Through this the barangays will have easier ways on how to monitor the services provided by the officials.
Audio Visual media obtained the mean of 1.35 or never implemented area. Due to lacking of resources, barangays cannot afford to have Audio Visual media. And because barangays thinks that there are ways on how they can disseminate information. Instead of using audio visual media, they use other media for reporting news. Somehow, audio visual media are important too. The barangays cannot provide audio visual media; this is because majority of the barangays can be found on rural areas. Based from the interview, barangays that rests in rural areas are given only limited funds, because the Local Government Unit is dividing the allocated funds for the related services on Violence Against Women into different barangays.
Overall, the parameter of research, monitoring and evaluation gathered a grand mean of 2.10 or sometimes implemented. It simply means that barangays in the Municipality of La Paz are not fully aware on the things that they have. They do not know how to comply with the requirements. Most of the time barangays thinks that there are other ways on how to inform the citizens. But they already forgot to follow the mandated guidelines made by the higher authorities. As time passes by, barangays will learn to follow the rules and guidelines provided by the Department of the Interior and Local Government, Local Government Units and other concerned agencies that are in line on ending Violence Against Women.

1.8 Information and Advocacy
It is the activities to upsurge cognizance of the general public Violence Against Women and women’s human rights, as well as to embolden women’s participation in action to address such (DILG, 2009).
Table 10 presents the evaluation on information and advocacy of the related services on violence against women which can help to strengthen the service delivery. Manuals, pamphlets and information hand out obtained a mean of 2.47 or sometimes implemented among the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz. Manuals are significant to spread information about the services provided by the barangay. It was describe as sometimes implemented because most of the barangays did not provide manuals and other source of media which may help to disseminate information.
This was followed by information is disseminated through newsletter, posters and other media which got a mean of 2.40 or described as sometimes implemented. Information dissemination is vital for making the public aware of the services which are related to Violence Against Women. It was being rated by the respondents as sometimes implemented, because not all of the given were being followed. According to the respondents, the reason behind of not having complies with producing of materials which are mostly needed in information dissemination is because the barangays only have limited funds. Also, the barangays thinks that there are other ways on how to disseminate information with their citizens. Newsletter can be found in the local circulation of the barangays, while posters it should be posted in places where people can easily notice that there is something posted.
Table 10
Evaluation of Information and Advocacy of Related Services on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean Adjectival Description
Manuals, pamphlets and information hand out are easily understood 2.47 Sometimes Implemented
Information is disseminated through newsletter, posters and other media 2.40 Sometimes Implemented
Advocacy of VAW prevention is in place 2.24 Sometimes Implemented
Community campaigns are held through events 2.22 Sometimes Implemented
Distribution of materials for information, education and communication are available 2.18 Sometimes Implemented
There are sufficient copies of primers on Barangay Protection Order, VAW information, Anti-VAW manuals and IECs for distribution 1.48 Never Implemented
Trainings and orientations in Anti-VAW are held with the following groups:
a. Local Executives 2.80 Always Implemented
b. Youth (Sangguniang Kabataan) 2.48 Sometimes Implemented
c. Teachers and Local School Boards 1.44 Never Implemented
d. Marginalized groups in the community 2.36 Sometimes Implemented
Activities are conducted in observance of special dates:
a. Women’s Month (March) 2.76 Always Implemented
b. International Human Rights Day (December 10) 1.45 Never Implemented
c. 18 days of Activism Against VAW (November 25-December 12) 1.49 Never Implemented
Grand Mean 2.14 Sometimes Implemented
While, advocacy of VAW prevention is in place congregated a mean of 2.24 or sometimes implemented. Violence Against Women prevention is essential in order to eliminate the cases of battered wives and other forms of violence. It was described as sometimes implemented because most of the time the barangay did not provided remedy on how to prevent violence, however, in this instance the barangay will transfer the victims to the higher authority for them to provide remedies on the complaints cases. The advocacy of Violence Against Women prevention should start inside the home up to the highest organization. Because at the end, families are the one who might get affected if there is anyone from them encounters violence.
Community campaigns are held through events acquired a mean of 2.22 and described as sometimes implemented among the barangays in the municipality. It is sometimes implemented in the Municipality of La Paz, because most of the barangays are not usually conducting events, because they are lacking on financial resources. That is why only few are having community campaigns. Campaigns are typically held during meetings, because during that time all officers and members are there. It is necessary to provide and conduct community campaigns to inform citizens about the status of the program. The barangay does not know what the essence of having this kind of campaign is. Through the said campaign citizens will have more knowledge about Violence Against Women.
Distribution of materials for information, education and communication got a mean of 2.18 or sometimes implemented. This means that most of the time barangays do not implement the distribution of materials for informing the public on how to eliminate Violence Against Women. This is because the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz has given funds but not enough to provide the materials needed. It is crucial to issue materials that contain information about Violence Against Women to lessen the VAW cases. In the municipality they cannot distribute a lot of materials because the funds that were allotted for that is being used for other purposes.
Furthermore, sufficient copies of primers on Barangay Protection Order, Violence Against Women and manuals garnered a mean of 1.48 or never implemented. A Barangay Protection Order is an order agreed in the Anti-VAWC Act to preclude further abuse of or violence against women. It offers them relief from said violence. It is never implemented in the Municipality because majority of the barangays are complying to the said requirements provided by the Department of the Interior and Local Government. This happens because the resources that were given to the barangays are not used for printing of primers on Barangay Protection Order but rather the funds that was allocated to this area is being distributed to other areas. That needed more improvement to strengthen the campaign to end Violence Against Women.
Trainings and orientation in Anti-VAW is distributed into categories. First, trainings and orientation are held with the Local Executives obtained the mean of 2.80 which is always implemented. Majority of the barangays are conducting trainings and orientations to the Local Executives. Simply because if barangays do not comply with the said training Local Executives will ask the barangay officials, especially the Officer in charge on Violence Against Women. This might also become the way to communicate to the higher authorities. It is instigated in the municipality to train and orient Local Executive, so that they could be aware of how to stop violence against women. In the municipality officers are practicing the trainings and orientations that are needed to help reduce the cases of violence.
The trainings and orientations conducted with youth (Sangguniang Kabataan) obtained the mean of 2.48 or sometimes implemented. This happens because the barangays cannot force the youths to attend the trainings provided by the government. Because youths nowadays are difficult to find, youths have already diverted their attentions to other things and not on this kind of topic. Youths plays an essential role in the community. In the municipality they have conducted trainings wherein youths are belonging. This is to spread awareness and trained them to be ready in case they encounter this kind of violence among women. Since sangguniang kabataan is not active in the municipality, the higher authority see this as an hindrance to encourage the youth to participate in providing related services on violence against women.
In addition, trainings and orientation with teachers and local school board gathered a mean of 1.44 or rated as never implemented. The reason behind why this area got a low rating is because teachers and local school boards are not participating when there are trainings and seminars and the Department of Education is not intact on the related services on Violence Against Women. The Department of Education should mandate and encourage all the teachers and local school boards to participate or to give words of wisdom with regards to women’s issue. Because most of the teachers are women who needs information about Violence Against Women. Teachers can be also considered as the agent of spreading the information. Teachers are more knowledgeable and can easily influence other people.
Moreover, trainings and orientation with marginalized groups in the community got a mean of 2.36 or sometimes implemented. Most of the barangays in the municipality are giving trainings and seminars to the citizens who are considered to be in the marginalized group. In the municipality they give chances to the marginalized women in the community to be trained and be oriented about the prevention of Violence Against Women. Marginalized groups are the people who belong to the bottom of the community. It simply means that the Local Government Unit of La Paz is concerned to its citizenry. Marginalized groups need more attention, because they only have limited knowledge and information about Violence Against Women. Based from the respondents, marginalized groups in the community should be prioritized by the barangay level as well as by the higher authorities in the municipality.
Furthermore, there are activities conducted in observance of the special dates in regards to Violence Against Women. Women’s Month gathered a mean of 2.76 or always implemented. Women’s Month is usually held during the month of March. This activity is about giving recognition to the contribution of all women. Based from the interview conducted, the barangays in the municipality is making sure to have gathering on the said event, because they value women a lot. Through this event women are being honored for their contributions. And also, through this event women are getting more aware on Violence Against women. On Women’s Month, women and also the victims and survivor of Violence Against Women are gathered to celebrate, because of being strong and brave of facing the problems that they have encountered in their daily lives.
International human Right’s Day gained a mean of 1.45 or equivalent to never implement. In the municipality, international human right’s day is not being celebrated, because majority of the respondents are not aware of having this event. They do not even know what internal human right’s day all about. And one of the reasons is that they do not have a lot of financial resources to cater all the events with regards to Violence Against Women. Majority of the citizens in the barangays is not familiarize on international human right’s day, because they are not properly oriented about special dates that women needs to celebrate. This is all because of lacking of funds, because if there are enough funds then citizens will be aware of the events that are happening.
Also, the 18 days of activism against VAW got an adjectival description of never implemented and has a mean of 1.49. This activity is held on November 25-December 12 of every year. This happens simply because respondents are not aware of having this activity. They do not know what this event is all about. And this is not being celebrated in the municipality, because the funds that is supposedly used for this is being used for other areas which can lead to improve the services on VAW related services. The barangays use the funds for more important things rather than to celebrate. Because they believe if they have sufficient funds, they can provide services that are better and they can satisfy their citizens. Citizens especially Violence Against Women victims and survivors will be happy if the barangays provides their needs.
Thus, the overall mean of the parameter information and advocacy together with its indicator got a grand mean of 2.14 or sometimes implemented. It is so because some of the areas are not implemented well among the barangays. In order to achieve a higher rating the barangays should comply with the requirements needed. In complying with those said requirements the Local Government with the help of the Department of the Interior and Local Government as well as the National Government should allot more funds to accommodate all the activities and improve the service delivery and strengthen the campaign to end Violence Against Women in the municipality. This would not happen if the barangays and citizens do not cooperate with the established rules and guidelines of higher authorities.

1.9 Financial Resources
It is the availability of the financial resources to sustain the implementation of Violence Against Women as well as funding assistance and formal partnership among stakeholders.
Table 11 presents the availability of Financial Resources of thee Related Services on Violence Against Women. Also, the financial resources presented in this table as to availability from different areas that may be used by the barangays to support the related services on violence against women.
The utilization of gender and development budget obtained a mean of 2.55 or always implemented. According to the Punong Barngay in the barangay of San Isidro, the budget of gender and development are properly utilized to different areas where concerning to violence against women. On the other hand, the gender and development office in the municipality believe that good governance may achieved through practicing accountability and transparency. According to the Punong Barngay in the barangay of San Isidro, the budget of gender and development are properly utilized to different areas where concerning to violence against women. On the other hand, the gender and development office in the municipality believe that good governance may achieved through practicing accountability and transparency.
Table 11
Evaluation of Financial Resources on Violence Against Women
Indicator Mean Adjectival Description
The Gender and Development budget is utilized properly
2.55
Always Implemented
The Gender and Development accomplishment report are properly submitted
2.50
Always Implemented
Financial resources are available from:
a. Internal Revenue Allotment 2.75 Always Implemented
b. Local Tax Proceeds and Revenue 2.71 Always Implemented
c. Priority Assistance Development Fund 2.36 Sometimes Implemented
d. Donations, grants and financial assistance from private/non-government agencies 2.26 Sometimes Implemented
Grand Mean 2.52 Always Implemented

In line with this, the submission of gender and development accomplishment report is properly implemented having a mean of 2.50. Based on the interview made by the researchers, performance report of gender and development are submitted properly to the concerned agencies and departments this may include the allotment of funds and other accomplishment report that the fund have been allocated. This is a black and white form that can be disclosed to the public as compliance to transparency.
The availability on Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) got a mean of 2.75 be described as always implemented among the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz. Based on the interview, it is a national policy that a minimum of five percent internal revenue allotment of every Local Government Units shall be allotted for gender and development purposes. The Internal Revenue Allotment availability may be used by the barangays to sustain the basic needs on financial assistance to the services on violence against women.
On the other hand, Local Tax Proceeds and Revenue obtained a mean of 2.71. It is the provision of the barangay to create their revenue-raising power. According to the secretaries of the barangay, fees and charges of the barangay can be used to sustain and strengthen the program to end violence against women. But, it is also the discretion of the punong barangay on how to allot and used the local tax proceeds of the barangay.
In addition, Priority Assistance Development Fund (PDAF) obtained 2.36. It is given to every barangay officers to sustain programs and projects. But, most of the time, PDAF is widely used to sustain the maintenance of infrastructure and other projects which is related to the improvement of buildings.
Moreover, donations, grants and financial assistance from private/non-government organization obtained a mean of 2.26 being described as sometimes implemented. Most of the barangays received donations from private sectors especially those foreign organizations which help the Local Government Units to strengthen programs regarding to women’s human right.
To sum it up, financial resources obtained a grand mean of 2.52 as the factors regarding finance are always implemented among the barangays in the municipality. Financial resources are used according to the listed activities. They are using the funds promptly for the common good. Funds are used efficiently and effectively. Transparency and accountability is a practice of good governance.

1.10 Overall Compliance of Municipality of La Paz on Related Services on Violence Against Women
It is the aggregated grand mean of parameters on related services on violence against women in the Municipality of La Paz to evaluate the services as well as to measure the compliance of the municipality.
It can be gleaned in Table 12 that the two (2) parameters of violence against women were described as always implemented and rated as a fully compliance while the remaining six (6) parameters were described as sometimes implemented and rated as compliance in some degree.
Among the parameters on related services on violence against women, the parameters of policy related obtained the highest mean of 2.55. Included in this policy related are the national policies and ordinances on violence against women as well as the national vision and mission. In relation, the power vested to the local legislator upon creating supporting ordinances to enhance and strengthen the services on violence against women and to support different campaigns to end-VAW. Subsequently, it was rated as always implemented because the Municipality of La Paz complied on the policies that are needed to provide basic services to the citizen. Also, this is pursuant to the Department of the Interior and Local Government on the related services of Local Government Units on addressing violence against women manual of 2009 together with the Republic Act No. 9262 otherwise known as the Anti-Violence Against Women to properly implement the set of major guiding principle that will guide the service delivery of each barangay.
Table 12
Overall Compliance of the Municipality of La Paz on Related Services on Violence Against Women
Indicator Grand Mean Adjectival Description
Policy Related 2.55 Always Implemented
Facilities 2.34 Sometimes Implemented
Personnel 2.27 Sometimes Implemented
Trainings 2.43 Sometimes Implemented
Knowledge, Attitude, Skills, Habits and Ethics of Work
2.32 Sometimes Implemented
Services 2.20 Sometimes Implemented
Research, Monitoring and Evaluation 2.10 Sometimes Implemented
Information and Advocacy 2.14 Sometimes Implemented
Financial Resources 2.52 Always Implemented
Total Grand Mean 2.32 Sometimes Implemented
This was followed by another always implemented parameter which the financial resources obtaining a mean of 2.52. As mandated by the Department of Budget and Management, the Gender and Development Unit receives a maximum five percent (5%) shares on the Internal Revenue Allotment wherein it is a major source of funds to support the services on violence against women. In addition, another source of financial assistance in sustaining the services are included in this parameters such as the shares from Priority Development Fund, donations and grants coming from different partners agencies and organizations and the Local Tax Proceeds. The Municipality of La Paz believes that it is necessary to properly allocate the budget that have been given to sustain the services on violence against women and be distributed to different areas of services to fully comply on the excellence services delivery. By financial resources which are the life blood of the services it is necessary to properly allocate this because without the programs and project will not properly implemented.
On the other hand, the remaining parameters are described as sometimes implemented. On the parameters of trainings among its indicators got a mean of 2.43. Training was frequently conducted by partner agencies to enlighten and widen the knowledge of the first responder on giving basic services to the citizen. Usually, the Department of Social Welfare and Development provided seminars regarding on psychological issues composing of self-care management and evaluation of cases services atleast twice a year for the personnel to be able to freshen their knowledge and capability on the arising issues. With the participation of Local Government Units of La Paz, the Department of the Interior and Local Government and the Gender and Development of the municipality also provided different seminars and trainings with regards to the gender responsive governance which this may help upon assessing the complaints and cases reported to violence against women.
The parameter of facilities which includes the areas and materials obtained a grand mean of 2.34. It was describe as sometimes implemented because the barangay on the other hand do not have major facilities such as separate violence against women centers and other major buildings that is said to be needed on providing services. Also, the barangay cannot afford to purchase separate vehicle because of financial incapability. Respondents believes that it is not necessarily important to build and put up center and other major facilities, instead, the barangay should use the funds that may be allocated in putting up buildings on other instances that may increase the level of service delivery of the barangay on violence against women. On the other hand, the other indicators in this parameter are very common and usual that can be seen on a day to day basis.
On comparative discussion of knowledge, attitude, skills, habits and ethics of work (KASHEW) was rated as sometimes implemented with a grand mean of 2.32. It is the only parameter that is being evaluated through comparison of result of the implementers’ and the citizen. However, the implementers’ of this program strongly believed that they have been appointed and installed a personnel and staff that can practice work ethics such as a personnel who can easily understand the situation of the victims and practice patience upon resolving it. While, the community citizen rated this parameter as sometimes implemented because the citizen are not satisfied on the attitude and skills of the personnel and staff which somewhat reflected to their service delivery. It was suggested by the citizen to practice further the enumerated indicators which plays vital role on the work ethics of the personnel. On the combination of result, this parameter was described as sometimes implemented and need to engage the personnel personal behavior on different trainings, seminar and programs that will help to enhance their capability and skills that will help to provide a powerful service delivery when it comes to the related services on violence against women.
In addition, the parameter of personnel was rated as sometimes implemented having a mean of 2.27. In terms of number of personnel as mandated by the Department of the Interior and Local Government, the barangay complies in some degree by providing a barangay focal point person, but the minimum requirements as to the DILG is to have at least two personnel who is directly involved in providing services and monitoring the services on the barangay level. Correspondingly, partner agency also appointed individual personnel to the barangay for better service delivery and to have orderly faster transaction.
Subsequently, the parameter of service was rated as sometimes implemented with a grand mean of 2.20. Services were subdivided into three areas such as services on anti-violence against women, services procedures and protocols, and referral system and linkages. Pursuant to the implementation of Republic Act 9262 otherwise known as the Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children, the barangay on its services regarding to anti-violence can comply in some degree on the enumerated guidelines by the code, but it was describe to be sometimes implemented because this legal basis provide national guidelines which cannot be adopted by the barangay because of the scope and delimitation in terms of services. On the other hand, procedures and protocols in providing services also describe as sometimes implemented. Procedures on providing basic services on violence against women in the barangay level was adapted to the Department of the Interior and Local Government on the related services of Local Government Units on addressing violence against women manual of 2009, these are the standards of action that are mandated in every barangay to comply as well on the protocol of the Gender and Development, most of the time, the guidelines are sometimes implemented because of their broader range that the barangay cannot cater fully. While, the services on referral system and linkages describe as sometimes implemented, as the barangay were partly connected to different agencies, department, organization and associations.
The parameter of information and advocacy was describe as sometimes implemented with a grand mean of 2.14 or sometimes implemented. Information and advocacy contains of different alternative tool that may use by the barangay to disseminate information regarding to violence against women, media that may be used by the council to educate the people regarding to the services related to violence against women. Also these media contain the status of cases regarding to violence against women. But it was describe by the respondents as sometimes implemented because most of the barangay did not provide alternative media to disseminate information and promote advocacy regarding VAW.
Moreover, the parameter of research, monitoring and evaluation obtained the lowest mean and be describe as sometimes implemented with a mean of 2.10. This was rated as sometimes implemented among the barangay in the Municipality of La Paz because the municipality did not provide researches to improve the least services on violence against women. Most of the time the municipality did not monitor the flow of information to the barangay and did not evaluated the different aspect on providing basic services concerning to VAW.
After all, the overall compliance of the Municipality of La Paz among the parameters of related services on violence against women was rated as sometimes implemented having a mean of 2.32. Only the parameter of policy related and financial resources obtained the description of always implemented among the barangays in the municipality, it is because the barangay need to comply on properly implementing this two as the higher authority mandated to them. Especially in terms of financial resources the barangay need to comply on the procedures and protocols on allocating the budges because without funds the programs will not properly implemented. On the other hand, the Local Government Unit of La Paz need to evaluate the services on the barangay level for them to determine the least indicator so that they can provide alternative solution to improve the program.

2.0 Problems Encountered
Table 13 presented the usual problems encountered of both implementers and citizen in different areas of parameters on related services on violence against women.
The topmost problem of barangay on related services on violence against women which rank first with a frequency of 67 is the formulation of supporting ordinances to support anti-violence against women campaigns. The barangay did not create barangay ordinances to support the campaigns on violence against women and to enhance the services related to VAW. This is because the barangay council does not have enough capacity to formulate supporting barangay ordinances because majority of the barangay council does not have enough knowledge on the violence against women. Also, majority of the barangay in the Municipality of La Paz did not focus on the issues and services regarding to women instead the barangay are more focus on different aspects such as on sports and development.
This was followed in the second rank by inadequate display of posters, flowcharts and pamphlets on how to get Barangay Protection Order with a frequency of 64. The citizens in the barangays are not aware on what is the function of Barangay Protection Order because the barangays did not comply on posting and displaying necessary posters that will inform the citizen on what is the importance of BPO. The reason is that, the barangays in the Municipality used the allocated funds on printing out posters and flow charts to other projects such as the maintenance of the physical infrastructure of the barangay.
On the other hand, barangay do not have separate vehicle for VAW rescue ranked third among the problems encountered of the program with a frequency of 62. This is because the barangay cannot purchase another vehicle that will be used exclusively on rescuing violence against women because of financial incapability. During an emergency, without separate vehicle that will be use will worsen the situation that may result to unnecessary situation.

Table 13
Problems Encountered on Related Services on Violence Against Women
Problems f Rank
Barangay do not have formulated supporting ordinance to support Anti-VAW Campaign 67 1
Inadequate display of posters, flowcharts and pamphlets on how to get Barangay Protection Order 64 2
Barangay do not have separate vehicle to recue VAW victims. 62 3
The barangay do not provide opportunities and livelihood for VAW victims and survivors. 58 4
Insufficient number of beddings, toiletries, and clothing for VAW victims and survivors. 56 5
The barangay vision and mission on related services of VAW are not implemented 45 6
Reading materials regarding to VAW information are not understandable. 43 7
The barangay women’s desk do not provide remedial for VAW victims and survivors. 42 8
Standards and guidelines of actions on VAWC are not properly implemented 40 9
Personnel and staffs are not approachable. 40 9
Profiles of VAW victims are not secured. 40 9
There are insufficient copies of primers on barangay protection and VAW information. 40 9
The barangay do not have separate room for counseling for VAW victims 38 13
Personnel and staffs do not practice work ethics. 35 14
The barangay do not provide trainings and seminars for their personnel and staffs. 31 15
Personnel and staffs are not knowledgeable on issues of human rights and women’s right. 30 16
The barangay do not provide fair services for marginalized women. 30 16
The barangay do not have partnership for NGOs, CSO, and Private Corporations and Organizations. 30 16
The barangay do not practice the implementation of RA 9262. 26 19
Advocacy for change are not properly implemented. 25 20
The protocols for monitoring and evaluation are not properly implemented. 25 20
Database of VAW victims are not submitted to concerned agencies. 25 20
Handlings of sexual harassment cases are not confidentially implemented. 20 23
VAW cases are not monitored. 13 24
On ranked fourth, the barangay do not provide opportunities and livelihood programs for violence against women victims and survivors obtained a frequency of 58. The Municipality of La Paz did not encourage the barangay to promote livelihood programs such as soap making, dress making, pottery making and footwear making. Or for instance, if the Municipality notifies the barangay about the livelihood programs that they provide, the barangay ignored it because the barangay are focusing on different programs and the barangay as well did not interested on providing livelihood programs for the victims of violence against women.
On the fifth rank, insufficient number of beddings, toiletries, and clothing for VAW victims and survivors seems to be a problem with a frequency of 56. This is because some of the materials and facilities are obsolete and not usable. Or else, the barangay cannot purchase number of beddings because they did not allocated funds for it. In terms of providing clothing for victims, it seem to be a problem because the barangays did not have clothings that can be used by the victims, the clothings sometimes are donated by the community that somehow are not comfortable to used.
The barangay vision and mission on related services of VAW are not implemented ranked sixth with a frequency of 56. Since the topmost problem of the barangays is that they are not complying on providing barangay ordinances, the barangay as well did not formulate and implement barangay vision on mission. Respondents thought that this is a major problem because the barangay are following the national mission and mission that provide a broader scope that seems not to be effective to apply on the barangay level. So that, the barangay on the other hand should formulate barangay vision and mission that will help to enhance the basic services delivery with regards to violence against women.
However, reading materials regarding to VAW information are not understandable ranked seventh with a frequency of 43. This is because reading materials are distributed by the national government to the local government units so that most of the time it is not understandable by the marginalized group of people. Usually, the reading materials that have been distributed by the higher authority to the barangays are written in form of English language because the authors of these materials are somewhat literate. Therefore, when it is distributed to the people in the barangay area, the citizen has difficulty to understand what the content of the materials is.
On ranked eighth, the barangay women’s desk does not provide remedial for violence against women victims and survivors obtained a frequency of 42. This is because sometimes the women’s desk officer are not in place to suggest and provide remedial to the victims, most of the time, victims take it personally, so the women’s desk officer transferred this such remedies to higher authorities. Also, this is one of the reason why barangays in the municipality of La Paz are describe as non-compliant on the service delivery of VAW related services.
On the other hand, there are five cited problems that tied up on ranked ninth having the frequency of 40. The first one is the standard and guidelines of actions on violence against women and their children are not properly implemented. Since, the basis used by the barangays on providing service is the R.A 9262, but the barangays in the municipality do not comply on the enumerated services and guidelines listed on the abovementioned article. This is because the barangay are not focus on different issues of women’s human right and to the services of barangay on violence against women, so that the enumerated guidelines on Republic Act 9262 are not properly implemented.
Next, staffs in thee barangay levels are not approachable. Most of the time the appointed barangay staffs is being appointed not because of their capacity to provide services but because of the padrino system that is very usual in the Philippines. . Respondents thought that attitude of the personnel are one of the usual problems of the barangay area on providing basic services to its people. No one likes a staffs that is supposedly shows perfunctory attitude because the clients often feel unwelcome.
The profile of the victims is not secured included on the ranked ninth. This is because the barangay personnel did not practice a proper confidentiality of data and documents that may contain personal information of the victims of VAW. Also, the logbooks of the barangays which may refer to the complaints regarding to violence against women are not place on a secure, anyone can access and read the information that is written on the logbooks.
In relation, insufficient copies of barangay primers and VAW information included on this rank, the barangay do not provide and printed out sufficient number of copies to be distributed or sometimes be place on the barangay conspicuous areas such as barangay hall. On the other hand, if the barangay printed out primers with regards to violence against women information, this was not distributed to the citizen in the barangay for reading purposes instead this was remained in the barangay for nothing.
On ranked thirteenth, barangay do not have separate room for counseling of VAW victims obtained a frequency of 38. Among the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz, only the urban barangays have the violence against women centers. It means, that majority of the barangays in the municipality do not have this center for counseling and these barangays are still using the barangay hall on catering the VAW victims and survivors. Also, the barangay cannot build a major infrastructure facility with regards to VAW because of financial incapability.
Personnel and staffs on practicing work ethics ranked fourteenth with a frequency of 35. Attitude is one of the most common problems why the barangays cannot satisfy its clientele on the basic service delivery with regards to any form of public service. In terms of violence against women work ethics, it provides such indicators which the personnel may comply to provide proper service delivery. This seems to be a common problem on providing services on violence against women because most of the time the barangay staffs did not practiced on having the skills to understand and accept different types of violence.
Moreover, barangay does not provide trainings and seminars for their personnel placed on ranked fifteenth with a frequency of 31. This is because the barangay do not have enough fund to conduct seminars which may help the personnel to enhance their knowledge and ability on providing basic service delivery regarding to violence against women. Or, if the barangay is attending trainings and seminars, it is not necessarily mean that these seminars will always be beneficial on violence against women.
On ranked sixteenth, three encountered problems were tied up having a frequency of 30. Respondents believed that personnel and staffs are not knowledgeable on issues of human rights and women’s rights. It is because violence against women is not common in the barangay area so that the personnel are not aware on the issues arising to it. As well as the Municipality of La Paz do not provide proper dissemination of information on the issues arising to human rights especially on women’s human rights. Training and seminars are not regularly conducted by the municipality so that the staffs are not knowledgeable on the issue to VAW.
In addition to ranked sixteenth, barangay do not provide fair services to marginalized women. It is because the barangays in the municipality did not practice equality and fair services to its clientele. Political Neutrality are being set aside because majority of the personnel entertained first their relatives or friend when it comes in providing service to the people. Sometimes, quality of service as well may depend on how much the personnel know the clients personally.
While, barangay do not have partnership to NGO’s, CSO’s and Private Corporations and Organizations listed on this rank. This is because barangay do not practice partnership on providing services regarding to violence against women and may not seek help to other organization which may provide related services to women. Barangay are very dependent to their capacity on providing services which cannot cater all the needs of its clients.
Proper implementation as well of Republic Act 9262 otherwise known as the Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children listed as a problem because majority of the barangay are not intact on the enumerated principles, guidelines and protocols. The barangay are not fully committed to support the services in regard to VAW as well as to strengthen different campaigns to end violence.
Furthermore, on ranked twenty, three problems tied up garnering a frequency of 25. The advocacy for change is not properly implemented. Traditionally, women are seen as the nurturers and just a support in the family while the men seen to be the provider of the family. Gender inequality arising because majority of the people embraces that men are superior than women. Same is true to the programs of violence against women, change are not welcome in the society therefore cases on violence which violated women’s human right cannot be eliminated. On the other hand, the barangay should create advocacy campaign which may help the community to accept change.
In line to ranked twenty, protocols for monitoring and evaluation are not properly implemented seen to be an hindrance on complying to an effective service delivery. The case management of database barangay cases are not properly monitored and evaluated by the higher authority. Hence, evaluation of the higher authority to its grassroots level may depend to the annual accomplishment reports of the barangay. Thus, database of VAW victims are not submitted to concerned agencies such these agencies provide remedies on violence against women. The database of cases remain in the barangay are for documentation.
On ranked twenty-three, handling of sexual harassment placed with a frequency of 20. The barangays on the other hand do not provide proper trainings to its personnel when it comes to sexual harassment which the respondents believes that sexual harassment is very confidential case when it comes to complaints regarding to violence. As listed above, attitude of the appointed personnel are one of the common problems so how a personnel can handle such sexual harassment cases which is very sensitive if they are lack of proper trainings.
And the least problem that have been listed is VAW Cases are not monitored having a frequency of 13. This is because the barangays did not monitor the filed cases for amicable settlement and did not evaluate the progress of the cases. The power of the barangay is limited to amicable settlement of cases on violence against women. In cased of unresolved cases thee barangay will transfer the complaints to the higher authority which the discretion of evaluation of monitoring of cases is in their responsibility. Also, home visit as mechanism to monitor and evaluate the cases are not implemented in the barangays.

3.0 Recommendation to Improve the Related Services on Violence Against Women
Table 14 shows the recommendations of the respondents to improve the services on violence against women.
The barangay must have an Active Women’s Desk and GAD Office was the top recommendation of the citizens with frequency of 82, because this plan will cover the all the basic services regarding to violence against women. With having an active women’s desk and gender and development office, the related service are also actively practiced because this desk are actively giving appropriate services. Through this, citizen can easily access the service the barangay offers.
Barangay may provide sufficient rooms for VAW victims and survivor seems to be one of the most important alternative mechanisms to strengthen the service regarding violence against women. Barangay need to have rooms that can cater the numbers of victims and survivors. In providing rooms it is also necessary to have enough space so the people inside can move freely.
On the third rank, regular seminars for the VAW personnel should be conducted with a frequency of 70. These seminars and trainings should be conducted regularly in coordination with DILG and other department which can impart knowledge and share their experience and expertise in providing service delivery related to violence against women. This will not only help the officials to be enlightened on the proper and appropriate ways of delivering related services, but this will also enhance their values and action in dealing with people, and most importantly these officials will be able to appreciate the importance of their position and role to end-VAW.
With a frequency of 65, it is recommended that the barangay must create supporting ordinances to strengthen the Anti-VAW Campaigns. Special ordinance made by the office of the barangay council will help to support the guidelines made by the higher authority. Also, these supporting ordinances must have special place in providing basic services to the people in need especially when the legal guidelines and protocols the barangay are following are too complicated.
Local Government Units should allot appropriate funds for improving facilities in different VAW Centers. Since gender and development office received minimum of five percent (5%) budget directly from Internal Revenue Allotment, it is also necessary to evaluate if the budget are appropriately allocated to different areas to support and strengthen the gender equality specifically the women’s human right. On the other hand, in improving facilities of the barangay the Local Government Units should allot separate budget on it.

Table 14
Recommendations to Improve the Related Services on Violence Against Women
Recommendations f Rank
Every barangay must have an active Women’s Desk and GAD Office 82 1
The barangay may provide sufficient rooms for VAW victims and survivors 77 2
Regular seminars for the VAW personnel should be conducted 70 3
Regular counseling services for VAW victims and survivors 69 4
The barangay must create supporting ordinances to strengthen the Anti-VAW Campaign
65
5
The Local Government Units should allot appropriate funds for improving the facilities in different VAW centers
61
6
The Local Government Units, barangays and other department should appoint equipped personnel
58
7
The barangay must strengthen the partnership in different public and private organization for assistance
47
8
Barangays in the Municipality of La Paz should own separate vehicle which is exclusive for violence against women
2
9
The Local Government Unit should always monitor if VAW Policies are well implemented
1
10
VAW personnel must act promptly on complaints of VAW victims 1 10
Create a local circulation or newspaper that will disseminate information in the barangay.
1
10

This was followed by another recommendation to strengthen the related services on violence against women. The Local Government Unit’s, barangays and other department should appoint equipped personnel having a frequency of 58 and listed on rank seventh. Personnel may refer to the public servant which is engage in giving services to violence against women. A staffs who has equipped knowledge, trainings and experience can perform the given responsibility properly and orderly.
On eight ranks, the barangay must strengthen the partnership in different public and private organization for assistance. These organizations will help the barangay in terms of financial assistance through donations. In addition, these partner agencies and organization will help the barangay to strengthen the programs and services regarding violence against women by providing seminars, trainings and other alternative mechanism to properly educate the personnel involves. Aside from that, these organizations will somehow help the victims by providing livelihood programs that they can use to sustain their living.
One of the basic problems encountered by the barangay is not having a separate vehicle which is exclusive for violence against women. On part of others specify, one of the recommendations that the respondent of this study listed is Barangays in the Municipality of La Paz should own separate vehicle which is exclusive for VAW services. In regards, having separate vehicle will strengthen the service delivery on VAW especially on rescue operations.
Furthermore, on others specify some of the respondent listed different recommendation which tied up on rank tenth. On the other hand, the Local Government Units should always monitor if VAW Policies are well implemented. On having a policies regarding to different services, implementation is not the end point of it, rather the policies that have been implemented need to be monitored and evaluation.
In addition to tenth rank, VAW personnel must act promptly on complaints of VAW victims. With the compliance to code of ethics of every public officers and employees, personnel should act promptly on complaints and other related circumstances reported to barangay level. In this sense, this will avoid proper filing of case on the higher authority.
Lastly, the barangay should create local circulation or newspaper that will disseminate information in the barangay. This will ensure that the constituents will be well-informed with the changes, updates and policies that are mandated by the government, and this will ensure that all information about the plans, programs and activities in the barangay are known by the citizens.

4.0 Implications of the Study to Public Administration
The barangay serves as the basic political unit and the primary unit of the government in providing basic services, policies, plans and programs to the grassroots level. In this sense, the basic political unit must bring the government closer to the people. In compliance to the requirements in providing services to the barangay, public officials are expected to have greater ability to recognize, interpret and satisfy citizen’s needs and demands for public services.
This study shows the Evaluation of Related Services on Violence Against Women in the Municipality of La Paz. Different ways of effort have been exerted just to sustain a better society. Mechanism and alternative have been created to strengthen and enhance the basic service delivery in different level of governing. In addition it is the responsibility of the government to provide basic public services to its citizen.
The Related Services on Violence Against Women was implemented in the Municipality of La Paz in line with the Implementation of Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children provides and enumerated the protocols and guidelines concerning on providing basic services. Based on the result of this study, among the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz did not provide different types of media to disseminate information, campaigns and advocacy regarding to violence against women, therefore, the Local Government Unit of La Paz needs to help the barangay to produce local circulation concerning to different issues of barangays and information to support the campaigns to end violence against women. Coordination and partnership by the barangay to the citizen around its jurisdiction has plays vital role in achieving the goal of the community.
In addition the municipal government should coordinate with other LGUs/NGO and POs that can help in the sustaining, planning, coordinating of programs and projects and activities in the municipality on related services on violence against women. Through this, the municipality can also gain support coming from these organizations, and most importantly this will promote participation among the citizens in the municipality.
The findings might also give ideas to improve or develop the related services on violence against women to strengthen the campaigns on Anti-VAW. The barangay should concentrate on the least areas and parameters revealed by the citizen and implementers in this study. With that, fully compliance barangay and efficient services will be obtained. But the participation and involvement of citizens should not be forgotten because at the end they are still the wheels toward success.

Chapter 5
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Based on the study conducted by the researchers, the following findings were reached. This chapter presents the conclusion and recommendations centered on the results and analysis of data obtained in the study.
Summary of findings
1.0 Description and Evaluation of VAW Related Services
1.1 Policy Related
1.1.1 Barangay mandate vision and mission on violence against women obtained the highest mean at 2.77 or always implemented.
1.1.2 Barangay have supporting ordinances obtained the lowest mean with 2.42 or sometimes implemented.
1.2 Facilities
1.2.1 Barangay has logbooks for documenting VAW cases obtained the highest mean with 2.88 or always implemented.
1.2.2 The barangay counselling room has an alternative entrance obtained the lowest mean at 1.41 or never implemented.
1.2.3 On the counselling room, room can be looked from the inside obtained the highest mean of 2.88 or Always Implemented. While, an alternative entrance from the main entrance of barangay hall obtained the lowest mean in this area of 1.41 or Never Implemented.
1.2.4 In terms of barangay area, well ventilated room got the highest mean of 2.89 and orderly room got the lowest mean of 2.87 which are both Always Implemented.
1.2.5 On the barangay area facilities, having clean drinking water obtained the highest mean of 2.90 which is always implemented and having clothing for VAW victims and survivors obtained the lowest mean of 1.75 as sometimes implemented.
1.2.6 On the related materials regarding health, contraceptives obtained the highest mean of 2.79 or Always Implemented and pregnancy test obtained the lowest mean of 1.84 or Sometimes Implemented.
1.3 Personnel
1.3.1 Designated barangay health worker obtained the highest mean with 2.85 or always implemented.
1.3.2 Designated GAD Office Staff got the lowest mean of 1.48 or never implemented.
1.4 Trainings
1.4.1 Staffs are knowledgeable about issues of human rights of victims of VAW and trafficking in person obtained the highest mean at 2.65 or always implemented.
1.4.2 Staffs are equipped with self-care gathered the lowest mean at 2.28 or sometimes implemented.
1.4.3 On the staffs handling of VAW Cases, medical and legal literacy gained the highest mean of 2.55or always implemented and self-care gained the lowest mean of 2.28 and sometimes implemented.
1.5 Knowledge, Attitude, Skills, Habits, and Ethics of Works
1.5.1 Patient and Understanding obtained the highest mean for implementer at 2.74 or always implemented.
1.5.2 Accepting and Non-Judgemental got the lowest mean for implementer with 2.24 or sometimes implemented.
1.5.3 Sensitive and sincere garnered the highest mean for citizens at 2.30 or sometimes implemented.
1.5.4 Observe safeguard and confidentiality gathered the lowest mean of 1.90 or sometimes implemented.
1.6 Services
1.6.1 Anti-Violence Against Women
1.6.1.1 The programs and services on Republic Act 9262 otherwise known as the Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children obtained the highest mean of 2.72 which is always implemented in the Municipality of La Paz.
1.6.1.2 The establishment of Committee on Decorum and Investigation obtained the lowest mean of 2.12 or sometimes implemented.
1.6.1.3 On the area where women’s desk perform services needed by the survivors and victims, securing police assistance obtained the highest mean of 2.52 or always implemented. And securing temporary shelter got the lowest mean of 1.49 or never implemented among the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz.
1.6.2 Services Procedures and Protocols
1.6.2.1 The safekeeping of records obtained the highest mean of 2.82 or always implemented.
1.6.2.2 Crisis Intervention and intake, including rescue, assessing and ensuring garnered the lowest mean of 2.00 or sometimes implemented.
1.6.3 Referral Systems and Linkages
1.6.3.1 The barangay has connection to any Civil Society Organization gained the highest mean of 2.45 which is Sometimes Implemented.
1.6.3.2 The barangay has connection to any Private Organization gained the lowest mean of 2.38 or Sometimes Implemented.
1.6.3.3 On the connection of barangay to different organization, legal assistance gained the highest mean of 2.15 and the connection to medico-legal services gained the lowest mean of 1.83 which are both Sometimes Implemented.
1.7 Research, Monitoring and Evaluation
1.7.1 Periodic meetings and orientations on staffs involved in VAW Cases garnered the highest mean of 2.58 or Always Implemented.
1.7.2 The existing of barangay database on reported cases on VAW garnered the lowest mean of 1.51 or Sometimes Implemented.
1.7.3 On the area of barangay databases cases, data on victims or survivor garnered the highest mean of 2.52 or always implemented and data on interventions garnered the lowest mean of 1.46which is never implemented.
1.7.4 On the area of data base management, data base on VAW programs profile got the highest mean of 2.62 and data on financial status got the lowest mean of 2.51 or both Always Implemented.
1.7.5 On the area of system monitoring, consultation with partner agencies got the highest mean of 2.48 or Sometimes Implemented and case conferences got the lowest mean of 1.41 or Never Implemented.
1.7.6 On the area of VAW accomplishment reports, higher local government units got the highest mean of 2.72 or Always Implemented and community/constituents got the lowest mean of 1.45 or Never Implemented
1.7.7 On the area of use media on information dissemination, annual reports gained the highest mean of 2.59 or Always Implemented and posters gained the lowest mean of 1.30 or Never Implemented.
1.8 Information and Advocacy
1.8.1 Manuals, pamphlets, and information hand out are easily understood obtained the highest mean of 2.47 or Sometimes Implemented.
1.8.2 There are sufficient copies of primers on Barangay Protection Order, VAW information; Anti-VAW manuals and IECs for distribution gathered the lowest mean at 1.48 or Never Implemented.
1.8.3 On trainings and orientation in Anti-VAW with the following groups, local executives got the highest mean of 2.80 or Always Implemented. While, teachers and local school boards got the lowest mean of 1.44 or never implemented.
1.8.4 On the observance of special dates, women’s month got the highest mean of 2.76 or Always Implemented and International Human Right’s Day got the lowest mean of 1.45 or Never Implemented.
1.9 Financial Resources
1.9.1 On availability of financial resources, funds on Internal Revenue Allotment obtained the highest mean of 2.75 or Always Implemented and funds on donations, grants and financial assistance from private/ non-government of agencies obtained the lowest mean of 2.26 or Sometimes Implemented.
1.9.2 Proper utilization of gender and development budget obtained the mean of 2.55 which is Always Implemented among the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz.
1.9.3 The submission of gender and development accomplishment report obtained the mean of 2.50 which is Always Implemented in the Municipality of La Paz.
1.10 Overall Compliance
1.10.1 The parameter of Policy Related obtained the highest mean of 2.55 which is Always Implemented on requirements on related services on violence against women.
1.10.2 The Research, Monitoring and Evaluation obtained the lowest mean of 2.10 which is compliance in some degree.
1.1 Problems Encountered by Citizens and Implementers
1.1.1 Barangay do not have ordinance and modules to support Anti-VAW Campaign ranks number one on the problems encountered by the citizens and the implementers having the frequency of 67.
1.1.2 The least problems encountered by implementers and citizen are VAW cases are not properly monitored with a frequency of 13.
1.2 Recommendations of Implementers and Citizens
1.2.1 The topmost recommendation of both implementers and citizen is that every barangays in the Municipality of La Paz should have an Active Women’s Desk and Gender and Development Office with a frequency of 82.
1.2.2 On the recommendation of “others specify”, the local government units should always monitor if VAW policies are properly implemented, personnel must act promptly on complaints of VAW victims and the creation of local circulation or newspaper that will disseminate information in the barangay listed as one of the recommendations to enhance and strengthen the related services on Violence Against Women.
Conclusions
Based on the findings of the study the following conclusions were drawn:
1. The Municipality of La Paz mandated the national vision and mission on violence against women compliance to the Republic Act No. 9262 as practicing the line-up services to enhance the women’s human rights.
2. Barangays in the Municipality of La Paz does not formulate local and barangay ordinances to enhance and strengthen the services on violence against women and to support the existing national policies and campaigns to end-VAW.
3. Majority of the barangays in the Municipality of La Paz did not produce posters, pamphlets and manuals regarding to violence against women instead the budget on printing such will be allocated on different areas to enhance the service delivery on violence against women.
4. The citizens in the municipality are not aware about the Barangay Protection Order and what is the function of Barangay Protection Order in providing services on violence against women.
5. The barangays in the Municipality of La Paz is in need of separate vehicle for which is exclusively available for VAW related services and rescue operations.
6. Personnel and staffs who are directly involved on service delivery regarding violence against women needs improvement in terms of their knowledge, attitudes, skills, habits and ethics of work to perform quality service delivery.
7. The barangay women’s help desk need to seek some improvement as they was rated as sometimes implemented in terms of their services and other protocols need to practice.
8. As the partnership of the barangay to different organization, the implementers having difficulty to communicate to the higher authority to seek a helping hand and other support to enhance the quality services on the grassroots level.
9. The Municipality of La Paz together with its barangays do not have proper information dissemination and other source of media to inform the citizens on different campaigns and programs regarding to violence against women.
10. The accomplishment reports of the Municipality of La Paz with regards to the case status, case monitoring and evaluation together with necessary data are properly submitted to the concern agencies such as Department of the Interior and Local Government, Department of Social Welfare and Development and to the Philippine National Police.
11. The implementers having the difficulty to encourage teachers and school boards on participating to different seminars and trainings regarding to violence against women. As the educators are considered as the major source of knowledge with regards to gender equality.
12. The Municipal Gender and Development Office was properly allocating its budget on different areas to improve the basic service delivery concerning to violence against women.
13. One of the major problems on related services to violence against women is that, the Municipality of La Paz together with its barangay did not produce copies of modules and other reading materials regarding to violence against women.
14. The role of the barangays on violence against women are exclusively limited only to amicable settlement and responsible on escorting and referring the victims to higher authority and different agencies which providing related services to violence against women.

Recommendations
Based from the findings and conclusions of the study, the following recommendations were derived.
1. The Municipality of La Paz should exerted extra effort on maintaining the implementation of the R.A 9262’s vision and mission on violence against women and mandated the barangays to properly follow the national goals and objectives upon eliminating violence in the society.
2. The Local Government Unit of La Paz together with its barangays should create and formulate supporting local ordinance and barangay ordinances to enhance and strengthen the services on violence against women and support the campaigns to end-VAW.
3. The barangays in the municipality should seek a helping hand to partner agencies, departments and organizations on producing posters, pamphlets, flow charts and banners on the services and programs with regards to violence against women.
4. The barangays should strictly implement the posting of flow charts and information on Barangay Protection Order.
5. The barangays in the municipality should established linkages to other agencies on providing proper seminars and trainings to enhance the knowledge, attitude, skills, habits and ethics of work of appointed personnel and staffs which are directly involved in providing services.
6. As the barangay women’s help desk serves as the first responder on cases and complaints the personnel’s in charged in this desk should strongly comply on the procedures, guidelines and protocols in providing basic services to violence against women.
7. The barangays in the municipality should appoint individual personnel’s which is directly communicating to higher authorities as this personnel has the capacity to explain the concerned of the barangays in different areas of perspective.
8. The barangays together with the Local Government Unit should exert its effort to provide reading materials to inform citizens on the services on violence against women through different types of media which contains necessary information.
9. The barangays must continue the proper submission of violence against women related data, information and status of cases to different agencies for monitoring and evaluation purposes.
10. The Department of Education should provide committee on violence against women which primary concern is to participate on the trainings and seminars provided by the LGU. As well as this committee should also provide seminars and trainings as this will enhance the knowledge of the personnel.
11. The Gender and Development Office of the Local Government Unit needs to evaluate the areas of services on violence against women and to determine the least areas that are in need of improvements to allocate funds.
12. The barangay as well as the personnel and staffs of the violence against women should communicate to higher authorities, so that higher authorities can give help to barangays to enhance their service delivery on violence against women. The municipality should coordinate with other agencies that will help them to provide equipment, materials and financial assistance that can be used by the barangay to perform the services effectively.
13. The Department of the Interior and Local Government should have regular evaluation on the performance of the barangays in providing services related to violence against women.
14. The Municipality of La Paz together with its barangay should focus on the services on violence against women and exerted its effort and firm commitment to eliminate the violence in the society.
?
BIBLIOGRAPHY

A. BOOKS

Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children of 2004: Republic Act No. 9262

Department of the Interior and Local Government (2008) “Performance Standards and
Assessment Tool for Services Addressing to Violence Against Women Related
Services of Local Government Units in the Philippines”

Enriquez, J. (2008) “Documenting Cases on Violence Against Women, Particularly
Trafficking and Prostitution”

Jordan, M. (2009) “Advancing the study on Violence Against Women: Evolving
Research Agenda into Science”

United Nation (2010) “Legislation on Violence Against Women”

Local Government Code of 1991: Republic Act No. 7160

B. UNPUBLISHED MATERIALS
David, A. (2017) “Reported Cases on Violence Against Women and their Children
among the Barangays in Concepcion, Tarlac: An analysis”

Caparas et. Al (2012) “Women’s Awareness on Law on anti-Violence Against Women
and their Children”

Guanzon et.al (2009) “Anti-Violence Against Women on Trafficking in Person’s Act:
Issues and Problems”

C. JOURNALS

Women’s Legal and Human Rights Bureau (2015) “Unveiling Justice: Women’s Access
to Justice in the Philippines”

Victorian Royal Commission (2009) “Respect, Responsibility and Equality: Building
New Knowledge in Primary Prevention of Violence Against Women”

D. INTERNET SOURCES

http://www. dilg.gov.ph
http://www.googlemap.com
http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/vaw/handbook
https://unstats.un.org/unsd/gender/downloads/WorldsWomen2015_chapter6_t.pdf

?
APPENDICES
Appendix A
Survey – Questionnaire

Republic of the Philippines
Tarlac State University
COLLEGE OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND GOVERNANCE
San Vicente Romulo Blvd. Tarlac City

RESPONDENT’S PROFILE

Name: __________________________________
Age: ____________________________________
Barangay: ________________________________

Direction: The following questions and statements are intended to evaluate your satisfaction on the related services on violence against women in the municipality. Please rate the extent by putting a check mark (?) on how often do you experience this kind of services.

3- Always Implemented; 2- Sometimes Implemented; 1- Never Implemented

I. EVALUATION ON SERVICES REGARDING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

Services on Violence Against Women (VAW)
3
2
1

A. Policy Related on Violence Against Women (VAW)
1. The barangay mandate vision and mission on violence against women
Mayroon bang sinusunod na vision at mission ang barangay tungkol sa VAW?
2. The barangay have a standard and guidelines of actions on violence against women and trafficking of women and children
Mayroon bang mga patnubay na sinusunod ang barangay upang maiwasan ang pagmamaltrato sa mga babae at bata?
3. The barangay have supporting ordinances on women’s human rights?
Mayroon bang mga karagdagang ordinansa ang barangay para sa karapatang pambabae?
B. Physical Facilities of Barangay Women’s Desk/Gender and Development
1. The barangay has power lines 24 hours a day 7 days a week
Mayroon bang suplay ng kuryente ang barangay bente-kwatro oras sa loob ng pitong araw sa isang lingo?
2. The barangay has clean water 24 hours a day 7 days a week
Mayroon bang malinis na tubig ang barangay bentekwatro oras sa loob ng isang lingo?
3. The barangay has separate room for receiving VAW victims and survivors
Nakabukod ba ang silid para sa mga biktima ng VAW?
4. The barangay has logbooks for documenting VAW cases and complaints
Gumagamit bang logbooks ang barangay upang mai-dokumento ang mga reklamo at kaso ng VAW?
5. The barangay has computer for logging and monitoring VAW cases
Gumagamit ban g kompyuter ang barangay para maitalaga ang mga kaso ng VAW?
6. The barangay displays poster of Anti-VAW
Nagpapaskil ba ng karatula ang barangay upang labanan ang VAW?
7. The barangay has a comfort room exclusive for VAW victims
Mayroon bang sariling palikuran ang mga biktima ng VAW?
8. The barangay display flow chart on Anti-VAW services
Nagpapaskil ban g flow chart ang barangay para sa mga serbisyong pang-VAW?
9. The barangay display flow chart on how to get barangay protection order
Mayroon bang nakapaskil na pagkasunod-sunod kung paano makakuha ng protection ng barangay?
10. The barangay has a directory of organizations providing Anti-VAW Services
Mayroon bang mga listahan ng organisasyon ang barangay na nagbibigay serbisyo na labanan ang VAW?
11. The barangay has an adequate space for counselling
Mayroon bang sapat na lugar ang barangay para pagpapayo sa mga biktima
12. The barangay area is:
Ang lugar sa barangay ay:
a. Clean
Malinis
b. Orderly
Maayos
c. Well-Ventilated
Maaliwalas
d. has audio visual privacy
Tahimik
13. The barangay area have:
Ang barangay ay mayroong:
a. Beddings for survivors and victims
Mga kagamitang pantulog
b. Clean drinking water
Malinis na inumin
c. Clothing for VAW victims and survivors
Damit para sa mga biktima
d. Toiletries
Mga kagamitang panligo at pampalikuran
14. The area have materials related to health including:
Ang barangay ay maroon mga gamit na may kaugnayan sa kalusugan tulad ng:
a. First aid kit
b. Pregnancy test kit
c. Contraceptives
15. The barangay have a vehicle available for VAW victims and survivors
Mayroon bang sasakyan ang barangay sa pag-rescue ng mga biktima
C. VAW Personnel, personnel capability and trainings
1. The barangay has sufficient personnel in providing VAW related services
Sapat ba ang tao ng barangay upag magbigay serbisyo ukol sa VAW?
2. The barangay has staff involved in anti-VAW services such as:
Mayroon bang mga empleyadp ang barangay na may kinalaman sa Anti-VAW services
a. Designated GAD Office Staff
b. Anti-VAW counselor
c. Designated barangay health worker
d. Designated Lupon member and barangay tanod
e. Designated purok leaders
D. KASHEW (knowledge, attitude, skills, habit and ethics of work) of personnel VAW services
1. Accepting and Non-Judgemental
Malawak na pagi-isip at pag-unawa
2. Sensitive and Sincere
Madaling makadama at seryoso
3. Patient and Understanding
Mahaba ang paasensiya at maunawain
4. Empathetic
Maawain
5. Firm commitment to end VAW
Matatag na paniniwala sa pagpuksa ng VAW
6. Observe safeguard and confidentiality
Kayang pangalagaan ang mga maseselang impormasyon
E. VAW Services
Anti-Violence Against Women Related Services and Programs
1. Barangay women’s help desk perform services needed by the victims/survivors primarily:
Ang barangay ay mayroong women’s help desk na nagsasagawa ng mga sumusunod na serbisyong kailangan ng mga biktima ng karahasan:
a. Securing police assistance
b. Securing medical services
c. Securing medico-legal services
d. Securing legal services
e. Securing temporary shelter
2. Giving barangay protection order to the VAW victims and survivors
Ang barangay ay nagbibigay ng proteksyon sa mga biktima ng VAW
3. Conduct home visits and follow up on VAW cases received
Nagsasagawa ng regular napagbisita sa mga biktima ng VAW
4. Established Committee on Decorum and Investigation (CODI)
Nagtalaga ang barangay ng lupon sa Decorum and Investigation
5. Established programs and services on VAWC (RA 9262)
Natgtalaga ng mga programa at serbisyo patungkol sa VAWC (RA 9262)
Procedures and Protocols on Related Services and Programs
1. The following are the procedures and protocols that is observed, written and established:
Ang mga sumusunod ay pamamaraan na sinusunod at ipinapatupad ng barangay:
a. Handling of VAW Cases
Pag-aasikaso ng mga VAW Cases
b. Issuance of Barangay Protection Orders
Pagbibigay ng barangay protection order sa mga biktima
c. Crisis intervention and intake, including rescue, assessing and ensuring
Pagrespundi at pamamagitan sa mga biktima ng VAW
d. Referral for services to other agencies
Pakikisangguni sa ibang ahensiya na nagbibigay ng kaparehong serbisyo
e. Case Management
Pangangasiwa sa pangyayari
f. Safekeeping of records
Pagi-ingat sa mga importanteng impormasyon
g. Monitoring and evaluation of Anti-VAW services
Pagsubaybay at pagsusuri sa mga serbisyo upang labanan ang VAW
Referral System and Linkages of Barangay
1. The barangay has the following list of agencies and organizations to which VAW victims and survivors can be referred to:
Ang barangay ay may mga sumusunod talaan ng ahensiya na maaring lapitan ng mga biktima ng karahasan
a. Legal Assistance
b. Psychosocial Services
c. Medico-legal services
d. Livelihood Development and Employment Assistance
2. The barangay has connection to any Civil Society Organization
Ang barangay ay may kagnayan sa mga Civil Society Organization
3. The barangay has connection to any Private Organizations
Ang barangay ay mayroong kaugnayan sa anumang pribadong organisasyon
F. Research Monitoring and Evaluation
1. The barangay has an existing database on reported cases of VAW
Ang barangay ay mayroong pang orgainisa ng mga kaso ng VAW upang maprotektahan ang importansya nito
2. Intake forms are always available
Ang pagkuha ng mga forms/papel upang makatanggap ng serbisyo ay laging
3. The barangay database of cases includes:
Ang database ng barangay ay may mga sumusunod:
a. Data of victims/survivors
Mga datos ng biktima
b. Data on perpetrator
Mga datos ng mga may kagagawan ng karahasan
c. Data on interventions
Datos mula sa mga namagitan
d. Data on case status
Mga datos mula sa estado ng kaso
4. The barangay database manage the following information:
Ang barangay database ay mayroong mga sumusunod na impormasyon:
a. Database on VAW programs profile
Database sa programa at serbisyong VAW
b. Accomplishments and impact report
Pag-gawang mga ulat ukol sa mga naserbisyohan na may kinalaman sa VAW
c. Financial Status
Kalagayang Pangpinansyal
5. There is a system of monitoring through:
Ang barangay ay mayroong paraan ng pagsubaybay sa pamamagitan ng:
a. Home visit
Pagbisita sa tahanan ng biktima
b. Case conferences
Maselan na pagpupulong patungkol sa kaso ng VAW
c. Consultation with partners agencies
Pakikipagugnayahn sa mga kaakibat na ahensiya at organisasyon
6. Data are submitted to concerned agencies (DSWD, DILG, etc.)
Ang barangay ay nagsusumite ng mga datos at inpormasyon sa mga kaakibat na ahensiya at organisasyon
7. Periodic meetings and orientations on staffs involves in VAW Cases
Regular na mga pagpupulong ng mga tauhan na kasangkot sa VAW Case
8. VAW Cases accomplishment report are submitted to the following:
Ang barangay ay nagsusumite ng accomplishment report sa mga sumusunod:
a. Barangay Committee on Women
b. Sangguniang Barangay
c. Higher Local Government Units
d. DILG
e. Community/Constituents
9. The barangay use the following media for reporting news
Ang barangay ay may mga sumusunod na talaan para sa paguulat:
a. News letter
b. Poster
c. Annual Reports
d. Audio Visual Media (TV, Radio, Websites)
10. Data are analyzed and utilized as input to policy and program development and implementation
Pinagsasama-sama ang mga nalikap na impormasyon upang gamitin sa pagpapalagana ng programa at serbisyo na patungkol sa VAW
11. Discussion and Consultation with stakeholders
Pagpapalitan ng impormasyon sa mga kasapi
12. Mechanism to facilitate the flow of information and gather feedback from stakeholders are in place
Pamamaraan upang pangasiwaan ang daloy ng impormasyon at makalikap ng katugunan sa mga kasami ay nasa tamang lugar
G. Information and Advocacy
1. Distribution of materials for information, education and communication are available
Pamamahagi ng iba’t ibang impormasyon na magaamit sa edukasyon at iba pa
2. Manuals, pamphlets and information hand out are easily understood
Ang mga ipinamimigay na papel patungkol sa pagpuksa sa VAW ay madaling intindihin ng sino man
3. There are sufficient copies of primers on Barangay Protection Order, VAW information, Anti-VAW manuals and IECs for distribution
Mayroong sapat na kopya ang barangay ng kanilang Primers, Manuals at mga impormasyon sa VAW para sa distribusyon
4. Advocacy of VAW prevention is in place
Pagtataguyod ng VAW Prevention ay angkop
5. Trainings and orientations on Anti-VAW are held with the following groups:
Mayroong sapat na pagsasanay at kaalaman ang mga sumusunod na grupo sa Anti-VAW :
a. Local Executives
b. Youth (Sangguuniang Kabataan)
c. Teachers and Local School Boards
d. Marginalized groups in the community
6. Activities are conducted in observance of special dates:
Nagsasagawa ng mga actibidad ang barangay sa mga sumusunod na araw at kaganapan:
a. Women’s Month (March)
b. International Human Rights Day (December 10)
c. 18 days of Activism Against VAW (November 25-December12)
7. Community Campaigns are held through events
Kampanya upang labanan ang VAW ay ginaganap sa malawakang pagpupulong
8. Information is disseminated through newsletter, posters and other media
Naipaparating ng maayos ang mga impormasyon patungkol a kasong VAW sa pamamagitan ng dyaryo, posters at iba pang babasahin
F. Financial Resources
1. Financial Resources are available from:
Pinagkukunan ng pangpinansyal ay mayroon sa mga sumusunod:
a. Internal Revenue Allotment
b. Local Tax Proceeds and Revenues
c. Priority Assistance Development Fund (PDAF)
d. Donations, grants and financial assistance from private/non-government agencies (local and international)
2. The Gender and Development budget is utilized properly
Angbudget ng Gender and Development ay nagagamit ng maayos
3. The Gender and Development accomplishment reports are properly submitted
Ang mga accomplishment reports at iba pang detalye na mayroon ang Gender and Development ay naisusumite ng maayos sa mga ahensiya at organisasyon

Put check (?) on the corresponding problems encountered of the related services on Violence against Women.

A. POLICY RELATED
? The barangay do not have proper ordinance and modules to support Anti-VAW Campaign. (Ang mga barangay ay walang sapat na ordinansya para suportahan ang karahasan laban sa kababaihan)
? The vision and mission of barangay regarding on related services of VAW are not implemented. (Ang vision at mission ng barangay ukol sa mga serbisyo ng karahasan laban sa kababihan ay hindi naipapatupad.)
? Standards and guidelines of actions on VAWC are not properly implemented. (Ang pamantayan at batayan ng kilos sa VAWC ay hindi maayos na naipapatupad.)
B. FACILITIES
? Inadequate display of posters, flowcharts and pamphlets on how to get barangay protection order and on how to avail VAW related services. (Kakulangan sa papaskil ng mga posters at iba pa sa kung paano makakuha ng proteksyon at mga serbisyo ukol sa VAW.)
? The barangay do not have separate room for counseling for VAW victims. (Ang barangay ay walang hiwalay na kwarto para sa pagpapayo sa mga biktima ng VAW.)
? The barangay do not have separate vehicle to rescue VAW victims. (Ang barangay walang hiwalay na sasakyan para iligtas ang mga biktima ng VAW.)
? Insufficient number of beddings, toiletries, and clothing for VAW victims and survivors. (Kakulangan ng mga higaan, kagamitan sa banyo at damit para sa mga naging biktima ng VAW.)
C. PERSONNEL
? The barangay do not provide trainings and seminars for their personnel and staffs. (Ang barangay ay hindi nagbibigay ng mga pagsasanay sa kanilang mga empleyado/trabahador.)
? Personnel and staffs are not knowledgeable on issues of human rights and women’s right. (Ang mga empleyado/trabahador ay hindi maalam sa mga isyu ng karapatan pantao at karapatan ng mga kababaihan.)
? Personnel and staffs are not approachable. (Ang mga empleyado/trabahador ay hindi madaling lapitan.)
D. KASHEW
? Personnel and staffs do not practice work ethics. (Ang mga empleyado/trabahador ay hindi isinasagawa ang tamang trabaho.)
? Personnel and staffs do not provide security for privacy of personal information. (Ang mga empleyado/trabahador ay hindi pinapangalagaan ang mga personal na impormasyon.)
? Advocacy for change are not properly implemented. (Ang mga adbokasiya sa pagbabago ay hindi naipapatupad.)
E. SERVICES
? The barangay women’s desk do not provide remedial for VAW victims and survivors.
? The procedures for safe keeping of records and documents of VAW victims are not properly implemented. (Ang mga hakbangin sa pagtatago ng mga record at dokumento ng mga biktima ng VAW at hindi naipapatupad ng maayos.)
? Handlings of sexual harassment cases are not confidentially implemented. (Hindi gaanong naitatago ng maayos ang mga kaso ng sexual harassment.)
? The protocols for monitoring and evaluation are not properly implemented. (Ang mg autos sa monitoring at evaluation ay hindi maayos na naisasapatupad.)
? The barangay do not have connections to other departments/agencies and organizations to which VAW victims can be referred. (Ang barangay ay hindi konektado sa ibang departamento/ahensiya na kung saan ay maaaring ipasa ang mga biktima ng VAW.)
? The barangay do not provide opportunities and livelihood for VAW victims and survivors. (Ang barangay ay hindi nagbibigay oportunidad and pangkabuhayan para sa mga biktima ng VAW.)
? The barangay do not have partnership for NGOs, CSO, and private corporations and organizations. (Ang barangay ay hindi nakikipagtulungan sa mga NGOs, CSO at mga pribadong korporasyon at organisasyon.)
F. RESEARCH, MONITORING AND EVALUATION
? Profiles of VAW victims are not secured. (Ang mga impormasyon ng mga biktima ng VAW ay walang seguridad.)
? VAW cases are not monitored. (Ang mga kaso ng VAW ay hindi nababantayan.)
? Database of VAW victims are not submitted to concerned agencies. (Ang mga impormasyon ng mga biktima ng VAW ay hindi naipapasa sa mga karapat dapat na ahensya.)
G. INFORMATION AND ADVOCACY
? There are insufficient copies of primers on barangay protection and VAW information. (Kulang sa kopya ng mga primers sa proteksyon sa barangay at impormasyon ng VAW.)
? Reading materials regarding to VAW information are not understandable. (Ang mga babasahin patungkol sa impormasyon ng VAW ay hindi maintindihan.)
? There is no information dissemination regarding on Anti-VAW campaign. (Walang pagkalat ng mga impiormasyon patungkol sa kampanya sa Anti-VAW.)

Others (Please Specify): __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Put check (?) on the box of corresponding recommendations to improve related services on Violence Against Women.

A. RECOMMENDATIONS
? Every barangay must have an active Women’s Desk and GAD Office
? The barangay may provide sufficient rooms for VAW victims and survivors
? The local government units should allot appropriate funds for improving the facilities in different VAW Centers
? The local government units, barangays and other department should appoint equipped personnel.
? Regular seminars for the VAW personnel should be conducted
? The barangay must strengthen the partnership in different public and private organization for assistance
? Regular counselling services for VAW victims and survivors

Others (Please Specify): ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
?
APPENDIX B
ASSESSMENT TOOL OF DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

?
?
?
?
?
?
?
?
APPENDIX C
REQUEST LETTER TO DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT
APPENDIX D
APPROVAL LETTER FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

APPENDIX E
LETTER FOR THE MUNICIPALITY OF LA PAZ, PROVINCE OF TARLAC

?
Curriculum Vitae

I. Personal Background

Name:Joanna A. Limos
Address:Carlos Subdivision, Sta. Cruz, Tarlac City
Contact Number: +63995-972-0349
Date of Birth:September 14, 1997
Religion:Roman Catholic

II. Educational Attainment

Tertiary: Bachelor of Public Administration
Tarlac State University
Romulo Blvd. San Vicente, Tarlac City
2014 – Present

Secondary: Gerona Institute Inc.
Poblacion 3, Gerona Tatlac
2010-2014

Elementary: Sta. Cruz Elementary School
Brgy.Sta.Cruz, Tarlac City
2004-2010

III. Trainings

National Certificate II – Computer Systems Servicing

IV. Organization Affiliation

Junior Public Administration Society
Member
2014 – Present
?
Curriculum Vitae

I. Personal Background

Name:Joy Aurora B. Lora
Address:Talon Street, San Isidro, La Paz, Tarlac

Contact Number: +63948-559-3816
Date of Birth:June 16, 1998
Religion:Roman Catholic

II. Educational Attainment

Tertiary: Bachelor of Public Administration
Tarlac State University
Romulo Blvd. San Vicente, Tarlac City
2014 – Present

Secondary: Great Eastern Institute
La Paz, Tarlac
2010-2014

Elementary: San Isidro Central Elementary School
Brgy. San Isidro La Paz, Tarlac
2004-2010

III. Organization Affiliation

Junior Public Administration Society
Member
2014 – Present

?
Curriculum Vitae

I. Personal Background

Name:Sarah May J. De Guzman
Address:Purok 3, Barangay Sierra, La Paz, Tarlac
Contact Number: +63946-485-1031
Date of Birth:March 1, 1991
Religion:Roman Catholic

II. Educational Attainment

Tertiary: Bachelor of Public Administration
Tarlac State University
Romulo Blvd. San Vicente, Tarlac City
2014 – Present

Secondary: Great Eastern Institute
La Paz, Tarlac
2004-2008

Elementary: Sierra Elementary School
Brgy. San Isidro La Paz, Tarlac
1998-2004

III. Organization Affiliation

Junior Public Administration Society
Member
2014 – Present

?
PHOTO DOCUMENTATION