Chapter meter reading, reading taken of meter according

Chapter 1 1.1 PROBLEM SUMMARYWhen we had surveyed the residential homes and commercial buildings with water meter system, we got to know that there are many parameters which are to be taken under consideration which are as follows:1. Human negligence due to manual reading:Due to manual reading taken by the concerned persons, there were chances of inaccurate reading and improper reading of time.2. Inaccurate readings:Due to manual meter reading, reading taken of meter according to proper time was not so accurate.3.

Absence of person residing in house:We observed that due to any reason if no one is there at home, then the concerned person coming for reading the water meter is not able to access the meter and cannot take reading. Due to this, bill is just sent which may carry inaccurate readings.4. Leakage in pipelines:If there was leakage in the pipelines then manual analogue meters are not able to detect or read according to this issue. Nor it can inform us about this problem.1.2 Aim and objectives of the projectAim of this project is to make an approach for performing automated water meter reading to know the consumption of water from required place to the monitoring office. The smart metering approach proposed by us differs from existing commercial methods by making use of low cost IoT system.

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This will cover both meter reading in individual domestic or industrial consumers to perform meter reading and update to monitoring office portal database for billing and payment. This will reduce manual meter reading and billing for water distribution in metro cities and large urban areas.1.

Accuracy2. No time lag3. Automation in reading4. Less manual intervention5. Know leakage in pipelines 6. Know any leakage in taps or valves7.

All database stored in cloud system8. IoT based circuit monitoring 1.3 Problem SpecificationsNowadays , water meters are being used in many places installed by municipal corporation to control wastage of water as well as to monitor usage of water in according to the requirements of people Based on the survey for payment of water charges in several cities, it has been found that the residential pipelines are monitored by means of an analogue water meter. But the readings from those water meters are manually obtained by means of a water monitoring staff . This reading method has many disadvantages, such as human negligence, slow and inaccurate processing of information. Thus, the precision in obtaining the information is reduced to a greater extend. By reading the water meter accurately on time, the water resources can be conserved effectively and efficiently.

In our observation and research, an attempt is made by us to automate the domestic water end-use classification process using a IoT based circuit. 1. No Accuracy2. Time lag3. Manual reading4.

No automation 5. No reading of leakage in pipelines 6. No reading of any leakage in taps or valves7.

No previous database stored 1.4 Brief literature review and Prior Art Search about the project1. Nayan Gupta and Deepali Shukla,”Design of Embedded based automated meter reading system for real time processing”, IEEE Students Conference on Electrical, Electronics and Computer Science (SCEECS), 5-6 March 2016, DOI: 10.1109/SCEECS.2016.7509328.

? Remarks: Aim of this project is to make an approach for performing automated water meter reading to know the consumption of water from required place using this embedded design.2. Boulos, Paul F.Jacobsen, Laura B.Heath, J.

Erick Kamojjala and Sri, “Real-time modeling of water distribution systems: A case study” ,Journal – American Water Works Association, 106(9), 2014, p. E391-? Remarks: this project is to make an approach for designing automated water distribution system which can be implemented in urban areas.3. Mduduzi John Mudumbe and Adnan M. Abu-Mahfouz,”Smart water meter system for user-centric consumption measurement”, 2015 IEEE 13th International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN), 22-24 July 2015, DOI: 10.1109/INDIN.2015.

7281870.? Remarks: this project is to make an approach for designing automated water meter system which can be implemented in urban areas and make it user centric using simple circuit design.4. Tracy C. Britton, Rodney A. Stewart and Kelvin R.

O’Halloran, “Smart metering: enabler for rapid and effective post meter leakage identification and water loss management”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 54(1), 2013, p. 166-176. E401? Remarks: In this project is leakage detection can be possible in automated water meter system which can be implemented in urban areas and make it user centric using simple circuit design. 1.5 MATERIALS REQUIRED? Power Supply? WiFi Module? Flow Sensor? Leakage Sensor? Breadboard? Wires? Digital Meters? Arduino-unoChapter 2 2.

1AEIOU SUMMARY 1. Activities:? Data Analysis? Meter Reading? Offline Payment? Analogue Display2. Environment:? Residential Homes? Commercial Buildings? Industries? Municipal Water Distribution Office3. Interaction:? Customer with Meter Reader? Meter Reader with Data Analyzer? Municipal Helpline with Customer4. Objects:? Water Meter? Datasheet? Pipelines? Analogue Circuit5.

User:? Residential Homes? Commercial Buildings? Industries 2.2 IDEATION CANVAS 1. People:? Schools ? Colleges? Hospitals? Municipal Officer? Industries2. Activities:? Data Analysis? Meter Reading? Offline Payment? Analogue Display3.

Situation/ Location:? Residential Homes? Commercial Buildings? Industries? Municipal Water Distribution Office4. Props/ Possible Solutions:? Using IoT based Circuit? Using Leakage Sensor and Flow sensor? Using IoT based Water Meter 2.3 PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT CANVAS ? Purpose:-1. Accurate2.

Less Power Consumption3. Less Cost? People:-1. Residential Homes2. Commercial Buildings3. Industries4. Municipal Water Distribution Office? Product Experience:-1.

High Accuracy2. Consuming Low Power3. Less Cost? Product Function:-1. Automation in Work? Product Features:-1.

Monitoring2. Data Analysis3. District Meter in Area? Components:-1. Flow Sensor2. Leakage Sensor3. Breadboard4.

Wires5. Digital Meters6. Arduino uno? Reject, Redesign, Retain1. Validity 5 to 7 years2. All features used3. Some sensor need to redesign 2.

4 Empathy Summary ? Input Through AEIOU Framework:-1. Activities2. Objects3. Users? Scouted Challanges:-1. Manual Checking2.

Friction3. Accuracy4. Wastage of Water5.

Power Consumption6. Cost? Top 5 Problem On The Basis Of Desirability, Feasibility ; Viability:-1. Flow rate is not known2. Leakage Cannot be detected3. Manual Reading4. Inaccurate Reading5.

Time Consumption? Choose exact problem from five possibilities or by combinations of them:1. Manual WorkChapter 33.1 Block Diagram3.2 Circuit Diagram 3.3Components Used • Flow Sensor• Arduino uno• ESP 8266 WiFi Module• Barrel Connector• Breadboard and WiresReference

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