“Career beneath our feet and that is not the



in Renewable Energy”


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Introduction to Management Techniques 1.








Name: Mohd. Subhan Khan

Enrolment No.: 1700264MTR

REEM, 1st Semester

main question of the era is that can jobs be created to cater to both the
environment and the people for a better living on the same platform? The answer
to this question couldn’t be given by anyone for the opportunities that lived
on this world a few years century back was more monotonous and less risk
taking. The creation of a newer dimension to jobs, lifestyle, cleaner
environment and for the overall sustenance of the world, the organizations
needed to have a better and a different outlook to the new perspective and
ideas followed by the risk these newer genres brought along with them. The risk-taking
factor of the world to develop something more challenging was given a stronger
thought when the current environmental and social scenarios are seen. The
growing population along with higher food necessity lead to the understanding
of the first, second and the third world countries that with the advancement of
time and depleting naturally available energy sources to put into consideration
other forms of energy which did not have an expiration date and which could be
harnessed and used without any limit. This very thought was first put into
thought when scientists with the help of a very high magnifying glass created
fire and harnessed the energy. The source of energy for the same was the sun, a
non-exhaustible and readily available energy which have been available to men
since the initiation of humankind on this planet. This experiment lead to the
thought that if fire could be crafted with the help of the sun then the energy
radiated towards the earth can be used and captured to produce energy. This
first early thought lead to the revolutionizing the thought of the people in
the energy sector that energy is just not stored in the fossil fuel beneath our
feet and that is not the only way of harnessing energy for large scale
functioning. The sun carried thousand times more energy bundles with the amount
it radiated towards the earth. This energy later came to be called as the solar
energy, was made to be properly channelized and captured for higher

With the
revolutionary thought in the energy sector, the seeking of other alternate
energy continued and many came out to be a very potent source of energy for the
current and the future generation. The sun and its radiation also drive the
other natural factors like wind, the lunar or moon effect influences the wave
and the tides (indirect sunlight) and so on. The other sources of energy
identified were not something from a vanity purse but it was just like our
neighbour next door; we knew and felt it every day but never paid a complete
attention to it. Solar, wind, wave, tidal were among the few which were the
first to be identified. The later addition to this list were biomass, bio fuel,
geothermal, radiant and nuclear power. The wind energy, is obtained by the
kinetic energy generated by the wind when it hits the blades of the windmills
and this energy converted by the wind turbines. This wind and the sun leads to
the heating up of the waterbodies leading to evaporation and precipitating down
as rain or snowfall turning into hydroelectricity. The sun, wind and the water
collectively help in the growth of the plants. There
are certain plants from which energy can be generated and stored as biomass.
Biomass is used to produce electricity, transportation fuels or chemicals,
leading to the creation of bio-energy. All renewable energy are not connected
to the sun, the earth’s internal heating due to convection current can the
tapped for various uses like power generation from the gravitational pull of
the sun and the moon and so on. This energy source is termed as geothermal
energy for obvious correlation. Ocean energy tapped from the waves and tides
and also the wind together, which is generated due to temperature differences
for electricity generation.

These energy
sources were the ones we as a population were directly or for some geographical
regions indirectly interlinked to. The available sources of energy i.e. fossil
fuel are non renewable and they would further lead to the exhaustion and leave
a huge hole in the energy sector. The energy provided by fossil fuel just does
not sustain the energy deliverance to the industries or the production units
worldwide but it is a part of each living being standing their ground on this
planet. From the farmers cultivating their fertile land to the billionaires
controlling the private sector to the governmental organization providing the
basic necessities to the people around them, each depend on energy for their
survival physically and institutionally. These finite sources of energy are
very easy to mine or gather due to the technology expanding just towards the
interest of harnessing them. They have never thought about the possibility that
these resources which are available within the arms distance are gradually and
eventually deplete out and there will be no other source of energy left. Then
what happens to the working on this planet? It comes to a complete standstill.

Although the
realization to look for alternative sources of energy has been started after
mankind understood the hit of exhausted oil reserves and natural gas, the
utilization, developing and initialization of green energy is not too late. Green
energy or the global way of calling it as Renewable energy, is a non-exhaustive
and abundantly available without the exploitation of other natural resources.
Renewable energy is a new sector that has joined in to create not only to
create socio-economic stability but also for a better environment not just for
the current generation but also for the generations after us. The cost both
monetary and environmentally attached to the face side of renewable energy is
much lower than the conventional energy technologies. The increase in pollution
and overhauling of the land and rigging the ocean floor has devastated the
ecological as well as the environmental ECG of the planet. With the advent of
industrialization, the continuous and the rigorous use of the fossil fuel till
the present date has polluted the environment and the clearance of this
pollution cannot be carried out instantaneously but will need a lot of effort
form the side of the mankind to reduce pollution.The effect of fossil fuels on the planet earth are hazardous. The planet
earth has its own immune system through which it maintains a constant ambient
temperature by releasing the heat (infrared radiation) from its surface through
the atmosphere into the space. As the industrialization was reaching every
portion of the world, the heat absorbing gases were increasing day by day
(gases such as CO2, methane CH4, nitrous oxide NO2
and other oxides NOx and chlorofluoro carbon CFC continues to
increase) CO2 concentration started to increase at the time of
industrial revolution and has been increasing rapidly since 1900s. So, reducing
consumption of fossil fuels will reduce the CO2 emissions which will
result in greenhouse gases as well as global warming.


Renewable energy
has also catered to the socio-economic growth of people world wide by the
production of a number of job opportunities and providing energy security for
the future generation. Most of the green energy investments are spent on
materials and workmanship to build and maintain the facilities, rather than on
costly energy imports. Many of the developing countries struggle to overcome
many socio-economic constraints and these energy sectors are proving to be the
winged angels by making available the most necessary form of energy:
electricity available to remote places. Due to rugged terrain and isolation
from the mainland region many regions of the world are not at par in the use of
energy like the rest of the world. This factor has made these regions of the
world lack behind and development practices to be at a much slower pace.

A country does
not only grow just in relation to its population but it also grows economically
and uplifting the younger generation and upliftment of the lower income strata
individuals. These energy sectors do not necessarily ask for educated
professionals with high educational qualification. The jobs in this sector are
more skill oriented. A person needs to have basic educational qualification and
to proceed in these field or to start their own companies all they need to do
is to train themselves in the technicality of the sector. This sector every day
is growing with different exciting and new challenges attached to it. These
challenges are specifically location orientated as these renewable energy
sources specially the ocean energy sector needs location movement. The jobs
created are not educational stream oriented but these energy jobs are mostly
made for them who needs a hand on experience on the field and who has a passion
in the development. These jobs also require the people involved not only expand
it to their level but spread it like a virus throughout the world. There are
many countries leading in the different sectors of the production of renewable
energy. These countries with the highest production and generation of green
energy are the places where a person keen in the field of alternate energy can
see and feel themselves growing and expanding.


Countries leading in solar energy

areas between Tropic of Cancer & Equator have average annual temperature
ranges from 25°C – 27.5 °C. Photovoltaic Cells with Low Energy Factor and No
Moving Parts Mirrors or parabolic dishes. (that concentrate lights)

1.      China
(130.4 GW)

2.      United
states (85.3 GW)

3.      Japan
(63.3 GW)

4.      India
(57.4 GW)

5.      Germany
(48.4 GW)

China by 2014,
almost accounted for almost 70% of the world’s total installed thermal capacity
bigger than any country had aspired for during that time.

Countries leading in wind energy

India is
next to Germany in wind energy sector. It is one of the fastest growing market
in India for Renewable Energy.

Power– AP GT Gujarat GT Karnataka GT Kerala Current InstalleJd capacity of
22645 MW

Capacity:As of the end
of July 2017 the total installed wind power capacity was 32.56 GW.In 2015, the
MNRE set the target for Wind Power generation capacity by the year 2022 at
60,000 MW.


1.      China:
Installed capacity: 145,362 MW.

Percentage share of total wind
power capacity of the world: 33.6%

2.      United
States: Installed capacity: 74,471 MW

Percentage share of total wind
power capacity of the world: 17.2%

3.      Germany:
Installed capacity: 44,947 MW

Percentage share of total wind
power capacity of the world: 10.4%

4.      India:
Installed capacity: 25,088 MW

Percentage share of total wind
power capacity of the world: 5.8%

5.      Spain:
Installed capacity: 23,025 MW

Percentage share of total wind power
capacity of the world: 5.3%

Countries leading in hydroelectric power

1.      China
(652.846 TWh)

2.      Canada
(369.539 TWh)

3.      Brazil
(363.304 TWh)

4.      United
States of America (250.916 TWh)

5.      Russia
(167.271 TWh)



Countries with Highest Electricity generation
from hydroelectric power projects:

China: 1,066.1 TWh/year

Brazil: 411.2 TWh/year

Canada: 376.7 TWh/year

USA: 251.2 TWh/year


Leading tidal power projects:

energy can be harnessed in two ways:

Tidal stream generators &

Barrage generation


1.      Swansea
Bay Tidal Lagoon, Wales: Capacity- 240 MW

2.      The
Rance Tidal power station, France: Capacity: 240 MW

3.      Sihwa
Lake Tidal power station, South Korea: Capacity- 254 MW

4.      Incheon,
South Korea: Capacity: 1320 MW

5.      Garorim
Bay, South Korea: Capacity- 520 MW

leading in Biomass energy generation:

methods of biomass energy generation:



Fermentation & Anaerobic digestion Potential Biomass

AP GT Bihar GT Gujarat GT Karnataka Biomass Energy Sources


Ethiopia (92.9%)

DR Congo (92.2%)

Tanzania (85%)

Nigeria (81.5%)

Haiti (81%)

Nepal (80.6%)


Countries leading in geothermal energy

Till now
only 6.5% geothermal energy is tapped Countries generating more than 15%
electricity from geothermal sources:

United States



New Zealand






10.  Japan




The creation of
jobs in the renewable energy sector has now become a global phenomena with end
number of opportunities striking the younger generation into making the world
sustainable and energy efficient and also converting the present environment
more sustainable and liveable for the future generations to come. Renewable
energy along with the job opportunities have cupped the living being for a
better and a great chance of survival. The jobs opportunities attached with this renewable sector is far greater
than what have now been perceived. The renewable jobs or the green jobs are
transforming into global jobs with its helping hand towards every sector and
every living being alive on this planet. The renewable energy is turning new
stones and making mankind step into a different a friendlier genre of energy.
This energy is just not changing or developing in its path but revolutionizing
the outlook of the whole population it has on its back for survival and
persistent growth.





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