California is a golden state in a country of unlimited possibilities, where a lot of tourist attractions are concentrated and fresh agricultural products are produced. In this state is the famous Hollywood studio and the headquarters of the largest corporations Google and Yahoo, located in Silicon Valley (Silicon Valley).
Thanks to the sunny climate and the discovery of gold deposits, California has long been called the “Golden State”. California, covering an area of ??411,000 square kilometers, is the third largest state in the US. In addition, California is the most densely populated state of the US and, therefore, it ranks first in population.
It is believed that the name “California” came from the name of the mythical black Amazon militant Queen Calypia (Queen Califia). However, some believe that the name came from the Spanish language, in which the word “california” means “wide bay”.
The capital of the state of California is the city of Sacramento (Sacramento). The four largest cities of California – Los Angeles (Los Angeles), San Diego (San Diego), San Jose (San Jose) and San Francisco (San Francisco). The state of California is divided into 58 districts. It unites 480 big and small cities.
California, formerly known as Alta California (Alta California), was colonized by the Spaniards in the late 18th century. In 1821 Alta California and the rest of Mexico became an independent republic. However, in 1846, California separated from Mexico and after the end of the Mexican-American War, Mexico ceded the state of California to the United States.
In 1847, after Mexico gave California to John C. Frémont, it was annexed to the US territory, and on September 9, 1850, it received the status of the 31st US state.
The California Central Plain, which is located in the heart of the state, is its agricultural center, where one-third of the country’s output is produced.
Sequoia National Park, located in California, is the birthplace of the famous giant sequoia trees, which are considered the tallest trees on the planet. White mountains (White Mountains), towering in the east of the central part of the State of California, is considered to be the birthplace of the oldest trees in the world.
The California climate varies from the Mediterranean to the subarctic. However, most of the state is under the control of the Mediterranean climate, and the California current leads to the appearance of frequent summer fogs in the region of the coast. In the interior of the state, winters are colder, and summers are more hot.
The California system of public universities, where more than 400,000 students study, is the largest university system in the United States of America. In addition to the state university, California also has well-known private institutions such as Stanford University, the California Institute of Technology, the University of Southern California and hundreds of other private colleges and universities.
The state of California is prone to earthquakes due to the presence of a large number of geological faults. In addition, in California there are tsunamis, droughts, floods, fires, landslides, the winds of Santa Ana, and there are several inactive volcanoes here.
The state of California is the highest and the lowest point in the United States of America: the highest point is Mount Whitney, reaching a height of 4,421 meters above sea level, and the lowest is the Death Valley, located at 85 meters below sea level.
In the year 1960, California was hostess of the Winter Olympics, which took place in the ski resort of Squaw Valley (Squaw Valley), and in 1932 and 1984 – hostess of the Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles . In addition, in 1994, the State of California hosted the FIFA World Cup.
Alcatraz Island (Alcatraz), located in the center of the San Francisco Bayin California, is a popular historic site. Previously, it was a military fortification, and for some time also a military and federal prison.
In the state of California is the Golden Gate Bridge, a suspension bridge across the Golden Gate Strait, which connects the Bay of San Francisco and the Pacific Ocean.
The city of Anaheim, located in Orange County, California, is home to one of Disneyland’s theme parks, which becomes the main attraction in the holiday season.
San diego (San Diego) is a city in southern California offering several attractions to tourists, including SeaWorld, Belmont, San Diego Zoo, San Diego Wildlife Park and the famous ” Legoland “(Legoland park).