Behavioural Psychology Approach Behavioural psychology is a part of psychology that focuses on a person’s behaviour, like actions, emotions, thoughts. Methods that can be enforced include is cognitive restricting, behavioural modelling, and mostly is classical and operant conditioning. J. B Watson (1913) dispute that if psychology was to be scientific it needed focus completely on human behaviour.
J.B Watson didn’t think psychologists consider study on the unobservable workings of the minds, they can’t be studied scientifically. Most behavioural psychology research check the behaviour of topics under strict experimental circumstances using a stimulus-reaction approach. The psychologist maintained a stimulus for the person, then observes and studies the individuals’ reaction to that stimulus. The behavioural psychology approach has been used greatly in studying the development of the learning, established on these discoveries. Active treatments for some psychological disorders such as phobias have been refined. Psychoanalysis Approach Most well-known and inspiring approaches recognised to people in general is psychoanalysis (developed by Sigmund Freud 1910).
This is an organisation pf psychoanalysis theory and treatment which target to cure mental disorder by investigating interaction of conscious and unconscious elements in the mind by ways such as dream interpretation and free corporation. Freud’s observation of various of his intensive case studies over a range of patients. Psychoanalysis focuses broadly on unconscious mental activities. According to freud (1933). A lot of person’s observable behaviour is persuaded by, wishes, desires, and fears which the individual has learned to restrain because they are not socially enough. This concept posits that has a child progress, it learns that some feeling and desires are unacceptable, it follows that these wishes, desires, and fears are concealed deep in the mind, that leads to develop of unconscious.
According to Freud, that these unconscious thoughts still find expression through dreams, imagination, creative expression, or symptoms of mental illness. An individual’s psychological past especially their childhood has a big impact in the progression of a specific behaviour pattern.