BASF ( Badschhe Anilin – und Soda – Fabrik) , or, in English, Baden Aniline and Soda Factory) was founded on April 6, 1865 at Mannheim , in a German-speaking country in Indonesia Baden by Friedrich Engelhorn . It has been responsible for establishing a gas factories and street lighting for the city council in 1861. The work of the gas produced ter as a by-product, and Engelhorn use this for production dye . BASF was founded in 1865 to manufacture other chemicals necessary for the production of dyes, especially soda and acid. The plant is installed on the other side Rhine river in Ludwigshafen because the Mannheim city council is afraid the air pollution of the chemical plant may disrupt the city’s population. In 1866 the dye production process was also transferred to the BASF site.
BASF is one the leading chemical company in Germany all at once the largest chemical producer in the world . BASF Group has several subsidiary and joint ventures in more than 80 countries and operates in six integrated production sites and 390 other production sites in europe, asia, australia, america and africa. The company is headquartered in at Ludwigshafen , German . BASF has customers in more than 190 countries and supplies products to various industries. Despite its global size and presence, BASF has received little public attention for abandoning the manufacturing and sales of the BASF brand consumer electronics products in the 1990s.
By the end of 2015, the company employs more than 122,000 people, of which more than 52,800 in Germany . Inthe same year , BASF has booked a selling of € 70.4 billion with operating income onal for € 6.7 billion. S aat this,the company is developing its international activities with a particular focus on Asia. Between 1990 and 2005, the company invested € 5.6 billion in Asia, for example in nearby locations Nanjing and Shanghai in China and Mangalore in India.
BASF is listed on Frankfurt Stock Exchange , London Stock Exchange , and Zurich Stock Exchange . The company sucks us ADR (American Depository Receipt ) from New York Stock Exchange in September 2007. The company is a component of Euro Stoxx 50 index of the stock market . 7 8
Discovery in 1857 by William Henry Perkin that aniline can be used to create substance that dye intense has led to the commercial production of synthetic dyes in the UK from aniline extracted from coal tar. BASF was recruited Heinrich Caro , a German chemist who has the experience of dye industry in England, became the first head of research. 10 Caro developed the synthesis for alizarin (natural pigment at madder ), and submitted a British patent application on June 25, 1869. Perkin coincidentally filed a similar patenton June 26, 1869, and the two companies made a joint commercial agreement on the process. 9Further patents are given for synthesis methylene blue and eosin , and in 1880 the study began trying to find a synthetic process indigo dyes , although this was not successfully brought into the market until 1897. In 1901, about 80% of BASF’s production was dye. 9In 1968 BASF (along with Bayer AG ) bought a German coating company Herbol . BASF is fully taking over branch Herbol in Indonesia Cologne and Würzburg in 1970. Under the new management, the extension and extension of the trademark continues. After reorganization extensive and an increasing international orientation of the coating business Herbol became part of the newly founded Deco GmbH in 1997.
In 1999 BASF Europe’s coating business was taken over by AkzoNobel . On May 30, 2006, BASF purchased Engelhard Corporation for $ 4.8 billion. This takeover is the biggest takeover in the company’s history. BASF is the largest producer in the world catalytic converter . reference?
Another acquisition in 2006 was the purchase of Johnson Polymer and the construction chemicals business Degussa .
The acquisition of Johnson Polymer was completed on July 1, 2006. The purchase price is $ 470 million on a cash basis and is debt free. It provides BASF with various water based resin which complements the high solids portfolio and UV resin for coating and paint industries and strengthens the company’s market presence, especially in North America.
Also on July 1, 2006, the acquisition of the construction chemicals business Degussa AG was completed. The purchase price for equities is just under € 2.2 billion. In addition, the transaction is associated with a debt of € 500 million.
The Company agreed to acquire Ciba (formerly part of Ciba-Geigy ) in September 2008. 16 Theproposed deal has been reviewed by European Commissioner for the Competition . On April 9, 2009, the acquisition was officially completed. 17 18On December 19, 2008, BASF acquired Whitmire Micro-Gen based in the US along with Sorex Ltd. who based in the UK , Widnes , Great Britain. 19 Sorex is a manufacturer of chemical and non-chemical branded products for the management of professional pests. In March 2007 Sorex put up for sale at a price of around £ 100 million. 20In May 2015, BASF agreed to sell a portion of its pharmaceutical business to Switzerland Siegfried Holding drug producer at a cost of € 270 million, including assumed debt. 21In October 2017, BASF announced it would buy its seed and herbicide business from Bayer for € 5.9 billion ($ 7 billion). 22BASF operates in various markets. Its business is organized in Chemicals, Plastics, Performance Products, Functional Solutions, Agriculture and Oil and Gas Solutions segments.
Chemical material edit
BASF manufactures a wide range of chemicals, such as solvents, amines, resins, adhesives, electronic quality chemicals , industrial gas , basic petrochemicals, and inorganic chemicals. The most important customers for this segment are the pharmaceutical, construction, textile and automotive industries.
BASF’s plastic products include high-performance materials at thermoplastics , foam, and urethane. 231. Engineering Plastics BASF’s Engineering Plastics consists of “4 Ultras” – Ultramid polyamide (PA) nylon-based resin, Ultradur , polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), Ultraform , poliaketal (POM), and Ultrason , polysulfone (PSU) and polyethersulfone (PES).
2. Styrenics BASF Styrenics consisting of Foams and Copolymer. BASF’s copolymers styrene has applications in the fields of electronics, building and construction, and automotive components. In 2011 BASF and INEOS Industries Holdings Limited integrating their global business activities in the field styrene monomer (SM), polystyrene (PS), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), styrene butadiene (SBC) copolymers and other styrene copolymers (SAN, AMSAN, ASA, MABS) into a joint venture named Styrolution . 243. Polyurethane BASF’s Polyurethane The business consists of various technologies and finished products. Urethane chemicals are the raw materials used in rigid and flexible foams commonly used for insulation in the construction industry and appliances, furniture, packaging, and transportation.
4. Foam Foam like Styropor generally used as an insulating material. They are eco-efficient and offer advantages over other materials in terms of cost-effectiveness, resource conservation and environmental protection. Investments made for insulating materials usually pay for themselves in a short period of time and contribute to maintaining and even increasing the value of the building.
5. Polyamides and intermediates BASF is a manufacturer of polyamide precursors and polyamide . BASF offers polyamide 6 and polyamide 6.6 polymers as well as precursors.
6. Biodegradable Plastics BASF is a pioneer in manufacturing and development biodegradable plastic , that is ecoflex . ecovio consists of ecoflex and high content acid polylactic .
Product performance edit
BASF produces a wide range of chemical performance , coatings and functional polymers . These include detergent raw materials, textile and leather chemicals, pigments and adhesive raw materials , paper chemicals .Customers are automotive, oil, paper, packaging, textile, sanitary products, detergents, building materials, coatings, printing and leather industry.
The BASF Functional Solution segment consists of the Catalysts, Construction Chemicals and Coatings division. This division develops customer-specific product solutions and innovative systems, especially for the automotive and construction industries.
Inventory of BASF pesticide division agriculture products and chemicals. The company produces fungicide , herbicide and insecticide including F500 ( pyraclostrobin ), epoxiconazole , pendimethalin , boscalid , fipronil , seed care products, and imidazolinones for use in the Clearfield Production System. 25 26 The company also conducts research nutrigenomics . 27 BASF opens a plant-protection technology center in Germany, the new Center will test products sold on a global scale for a variety of plants. The center is now a permanent part of the BASF research facility. To perform the test, BASF utilizes the commercial sprayer provided by John Deere. The two collaborating companies will use the test results. 28Biotechnology edit
BASF works with Monsanto Company in research, development and marketing of biotechnology. 29That Plant Science BASF subsidiary produces Amflora and Potato Starch potato genetically modified with decline amylose . 30 31 In 2010 BASF undertook the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to approve genetically modified potatoes in Britain. 32 Potato Starch was given authority for use in the United States 31 in 2014
Other GM plants are varieties of Canola Phytaseed with phytase , sulfonylureas herbicide tolerant soy 33 and drought-tolerant corn (with cold-shock protein B) developed with Monsanto. 34Oil and gas edit
BASF explores and manufactures oil and gas through its subsidiaries Wintershall Holding AG. In the middleand Eastern Europe , Wintershall working with his Russian counterpart Gazprom .
75% of BASF shares are held by institutional investors ( BlackRock more than 5%). 36% of the shares are held in Germany, 11% in the UK and 17% in the US
BASF’s recent success is characterized by its focus on creating an efficient product line of resources after completely abandoning consumer products. This strategy is reflected in production with a focus back to an integrated production site. The largest integrated production site is located on Jl Ludwigshafen employing 33,000 people.
The integrated production location is characterized by the co-location of a large number of individual production lines (producing certain chemicals), which have an interconnected flow of material. Pipes are used everywhere for volume materials. All production lines use the usual source of raw materials and sources waste feedback , which can be used elsewhere (eg various temperature steam, sulfuric acid, carbon monoxide). The economic incentives for this approach are the high resource and energy efficiency of the whole process, reducing shipping costs and reducing the risk of related accidents. Due to the high cost of these integrated production sites, it sets a high barrier to entry for competitors who are trying to enter the market for volume chemicals.
BASF is building a new chemical complex in Indonesia Dahej , Gujarat at a cost of $ 100 million. This facility is first in South Asia methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI) to process rough MDI. BASF has 8 production facilities in Indonesia India . 35BASF SE has successfully developed a semi-crystalline polyamide that allows light to pass through largely unhindered. Vision Ultramid combining a very high light transmission with low light scattering. This makes it the first semi-crystalline polyamide in the world for semi-transparent or transparent components in a chemically challenging environment. In addition, the unique polyamide is UV and temperature resistant, scratch resistant and also according to the needs of fire retardant. Vision Ultramid can be used in various fields of application: It recommends itself mainly for parts for visual checking, illumination or light design. Ultramid Vision presents a versatile alternative to commonly used materials such as amorphous aliphatic polyhides, polycarbonates or styrene-acrylonitrile copolymers. 36Environmental notes
In 2006 BASF was included in the Climate Leadership Index for their efforts in relation to climate change and greenhouse gases emission. 37BASF has created a filter for wastewater treatment plant which helps reduce emissions. 38 third party sources are required
Company BASF and Columbia University forming a partnership for further research ” sustainable energy source “. The company recently reported their emissions in 2006 to “1.50 million metric tons of waste”, which was a decline from previous years. The amount of waste generated by BASF continues to fall. 38While BASF publishes environmental information in the US and Europe , Greenpeace has expressed deep concern over BASF’s refusal to release environmental information about its operations in China. 39In May 2009, the BASF Factory in Indonesia Hannibal, Missouri , United States, inadvertently removing chromium inside Mississippi River . The local Department of Natural Resources conducted a test in December 2009 which showed chromium the rate does not exceed the safety limit. 40 BASF works with Missouri Department of Natural Resources ( MoDNR ) to solve the question of the rate of improvement hexavalent chromium detected on copy from the one you are allowed out to Mississippi River . The state health department reviews the test results and determines that the amounts found are well below the recommended public health screening level. 41In 2013, BASF reported a spill of several hundred kilograms chelating agent Trilon -B ( tetrasodium EDTA ) to the river Rhine from BASF headquarters in Ludwigshafen, Germany. 42Fifty top manufacturers in 2014 by sales edit
Rank Company The sale of chemicals in 2014
USD millions A Changes from 2013 Headquarter
1 BASF78698 0.0% Ludwigshafen ,Germany
2 Dow Chemical58.167 1.9 Midland , United States
3 Sinopec57953 -4.6 Beijing , China
4 SABIC43.341 -0.6 Riyadh , Saudi Arabia
5 ExxonMobil38177 -2.2 Irving , United States
6 Formosa Plastics37.059 C -2.2 Taipei , Taiwan
7 LyondellBasell34.839 4.3 Houston , United States
8 DuPont29.945 B -3.5 Wilmington ,United States
9 Ineos29652 10.2 Rolle , Switzerland
10 Bayer28.120 5.4 Leverkusen ,Germany
11 Mitsubishi Chemical26.342 6.9 Tokyo , Japan
12 Royal Dutch Shell24607 B -41.8 Den Haag ,Netherlands
13 LG Chem21456 -2.4 Seoul , South Korea
14 Braskem19.578 12.4 São Paulo ,Brazil
15 Air Liquide19210 0.2 Paris , France
16 AkzoNobel19.011 -2.0 Amsterdam ,Netherlands
17 The Linde Group18593 0.1 Munich ,Germany
18 Sumitomo Chemistry17.833 6.6 Tokyo, Japan
19 Mitsui Chemicals17201 -1.5 Tokyo, Japan
20 Evonik Industries17177 0.3 Essen ,Germany
21 Toray Industries17006 10.6 Tokyo, Japan
22 Reliance Industries15,870 -6.9 Mumbai , India
23 Yara International15141 12.1 Oslo , Norway
24 PPG Industry14.250 8.0 Pittsburgh ,United States
25 Solvay14134 2.5 Brussels ,Belgium
26 Lotte Chemical14121 -9.6 Seoul , South Korea
27 Chevron Phillips Chemical13.416 2.0 The Woodlands ,United States
28 DSM12,344 -3.5 Heerlen ,Netherlands
29 Praxair12273 2.9 Danbury , USA
30 Innovation SK12.011 1.7 Seoul South Korea
31 Shin-Etsu Chemistry11.874 B 7.7 Tokyo, Japan
32 Hunter11,578 4.5 The Woodlands, United States
33 Syngenta11.286 4.6 Basel , Switzerland
34 Borealis11.076 2.7 Vienna , Austria
35 Lanxess10646 -3.5 Cologne ,Germany
36 Asahi Kasei10.628 2.8 Tokyo, Japan
37 Sasol10,299 20.9 Johannesburg ,South Africa
38 Air Products ; Chemicals9,989 2.7 Allentown ,United States
39 Eastman Chemical9,527 1.9 Kingsport ,United States
40 PTT Global Chemical9,522 1.1 Bangkok ,Thailand
41 Mosaic9,056 -9.2 Plymouth ,United States
42 DIC8,218 17.0 Tokyo, Japan
43 Arkema7,915 -2.4 Colombes ,France
44 Tosoh7,657 B 4.8 Tokyo, Japan
45 Hanwha Chemistry7655 2.4 Seoul , South Korea
46 SCG7,617 18.2 Bangkok, Thailand
47 Indorama Ventures7,514 6.5 Bangkok, Thailand
48 BP7,284 -15.6 London , English
49 Ekolab7,215 B 11.4 St. Paul , United States
50 Johnson Matthey7,203 B 11.7 London , English