As in the table above 13,168 (41.
84%) of the students have got “A” and “B” and the rest 18,303 (58.16%) of the students’ scores were C and below which is inconsistent. Students are not mathematically proficient (skillful) in National examination. Moreover, the achievement gap is a long-standing issue. It is clear that the students who are familiar to A’s have high self-efficacy and motivated to do his/her task and he/her has full confidence, but the students those obtain “C” and below have low confidence and unmotivated.
A student’s motivation to get a good grade in math may be manifested in happiness (emotion) if he or she scores high on a test or exam.The researcher need to address the problem from multiple perspectives that is from self-efficacy, motivation in learning and socio economic status of the students, their roles in, and relationship to math achievement have been fully appreciated and motivation is multifaceted through the study. Therefore, this study will be to extend existing findings regarding the studies variables and attempts to see and retest how different researchers’ work are applicable in the study area and fill the achievement gap of secondary school by finding out the level of self-efficacy, motivation to learn and SES possessed by the target students and determining its relationship with their academic achievement. To guide this study the following basic research questions are set. Main research questions:What are the relationships between self- efficacies of the students, motivation to learn, socio-economic status of the students’ as related to math achievement?Specific research questions:1. What are the relationship between self- efficacy of students and math achievement?2. What are the relationship between students’ motivation to learn math and their achievement?3.
What is the association of socio-economic status of the students and math achievement? 4. What is the level of difference in self- efficacy and math achievement between male and female secondary school students?5. To what extent do male and female secondary school students vary with respect to the level of self-efficacy, motivation to learn, SES and math achievement?1.3. Objectives of the research1.
3.1 General ObjectiveTo investigate secondary school students math self- efficacy, motivation to learn, SES and their association with their math achievement in North Shoa Zone Oromia Regional State1.3.2. Specific ObjectiveTo determine the level of self-efficacy, motivation to learn, and Socio-economic status of the students as related to math achievements among high school students in selected secondary school: North Shoa Zone.1. To identify the relationship between self-efficacy of students and math achievement in selected secondary school students.2.
To investigate the relationship between students motivation to learn and their achievement.3. To describe the association of socio economic status of the students and math achievement.4.
To describe the level of difference in self- efficacy and math achievement between male and female.5. To investigate the variation of male and female secondary school students with respect to self-efficacy of the students, the level of motivation to learn, SES and math achievement.1.4.
Significance of the study This study investigates student’s math self-efficacy, motivation to learn and socio economic status of the student’s variables as related to their mathematics achievement North Shoa Zone, Oromia Regional State. The researcher mainly desire to help teachers to incorporate explicit and practical strategies focused on math’s self-efficacy, motivation to learn, socio economic status of the students and achievement in their classroom teaching. It also significant that the learners will be able to identify the subject they will pursue at preparatory and tertiary level.
They will be able to exploit their capacities to execute behaviors necessary to provide specific performance attainments and leverage (influence) on their abilities to exert control over one’s own motivation behavior and social environment. The findings of the study are believed to provide necessary information to policy makers, secondary school leaders, teachers and researchers to formulate policies that will aid academic performance. The studies serve as a guide for future research by potential researchers.1.5. Delimitation of the studyThe range /scope of the research are to investigate the association high school student’s math self-efficacy, motivation to learn math and SES with their math achievements of selected secondary schools in North Shoa Zone, Oromiya Regional State. The researcher cannot cover the entire high school of Zone.
To make it manageable it will be restricted to four (4) out of 45 high schools. The reasons for selecting those secondary schools are due to their long experience in teaching and learning process, they possess high number of student’s, availability of transportations and their geographical disparity make them to better representative of researchers target Zone to predict the sample. The Content also will be delimited to the research design.