Are country? It is because our Constitution

Are you aware of why we don’t have one person in complete control of our country? It is because our Constitution guards against tyranny. Tyranny is defined as severe or harsh treatment from the power of a person. In 1787, the delegates decided to go with a new constitution that would guard against tyranny. The new constitution was against separation of powers, checks and balances, federalism, and the equality of large and small states.

The first guard was separation of powers which means an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies. If you don’t want tyranny, you have to seperate the department of power. In the constitution, it states that the legislative power shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representative. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States. The judicial power shall be invested in one supreme court.The second guard was checks and balances which means each branch is allowed to check up on each other. For the judicial branch, the court can declare laws unconstitutional and declare presidential acts unconstitutional.

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For the executive branch, the president can veto congressional legislation and nominate judges. For the legislative branch, the senate confirms the president’s nominations, and is able to override a president’s veto.The third guard was federalism which are the examples of the states and central government.

Both of the governments are allowed to enforce laws and have to power to tax. The state government is allowed to establish schools, set up local governments, and hold elections. While the central government is allowed to regulate trade, conduct foreign relations declare war, and print and coin money.

In James Madison, Federalist Paper, he says “The different government will each control each other, at the same time that will be controlled by itself.” The final guard was the equality of large and small states which means they had to make everything fair for all of the states. There should be two senators from each states, chosen by the legislatures. Each state should also have one representative according to Articles 1, Section 2. Also each senator from the states is allowed to have one vote.

Separation of powers, checks and balances, federalism, and the equality of large and small states helped guard against tyranny. It protects us from being overruled by a person and gets us equality within our government. Without these guards, there would be no regulation around the states.


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