Anton Van Leeuwenhoek
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek was born in Holland on October 24, 1632.Dutch is his primary language.All his life his family didnt have a lot of money, As a result of that he didnt have enough money to attend college.At the age of 22 he returned home where he stayed until he died. Instead he created his own buisness as a draper,he sold fabric.On top that not only did he own his own buisness selling fabric he also had some unusual jobs on the side.He worked as a surveyor,and a city official.He also took over one of his good friends estate buisnees after the man died.
One thing in his favor is that he learned a valuable trade. He learned to grind lenses. This skill came in handy. He used it to make simple microscopes. He started to observe things with them. He got interested in microscopes after seeing a book by Robert Hooke. Hooke had invented a simple microscope. His book included pictures that fascinated Leeuwenhoek.Antonie van Leeuwenhoek was a renowned scientist of the seventeenth century whose pioneering research works, laid the founding stone for emergence of microbiology as a stream. Hailed as the ‘Father of Microbiology’ this talented biologist chanced upon scientific research by mere coincidence. Antonie was a young entrepreneur, who established his own linen business and in search of a high quality magnifying lens, to be used for inspection of thread used in the linen, ended up devising a new technique of creating lens which can provide magnification up to 500 times. Upon encouragement from friend and physician Graaf, Antonie used the improved design of microscope to make many significant discoveries, which laid the foundation for evolution of microbiology. Beginning with identifying the first bacteria to describing the structure of RBC’s to the detailed study of deadly disease he suffered from; this eminent scientist contributed to scientific advancement even in his death. As more of his works began to get published his repertoire increased exponentially; he was visited by many eminent personalities throughout his lifetime which include the likes of Russian Tsar Peter the Great, German philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz and Prince William III of England. Though this expert lens man shared his findings with the public, he preferred to work alone and kept the technique of making high precision microscope a closely guarded secret until his death. Read on to know more about his work.
Leeuwenhoek father died when he was little and his mother married again. The guy she got married to went to school for a short time but then moved places.
When 16 Leeuwenhoek was at a shop in a big ciy and learned how to trade.He soon went back to Holland in 1650 and went to start himself as a fabric salesman.
As his store got bigger so did Anton in the real world. He came up with an idea to use his new fame to enter the politics. In 1660 he was given the job chamberlain and in this position he was in charge of the sheriff’ chamber. Later he was in the position of surveyor .
Leeuwenhoek used magnify glasses for looking at the quality of thread but he wasnt fine with the magnify given by the lenses.He started making his own lenses and later and expert who made microscopes that provide magnify of up to 500x.
In 1674, he used hand made microscopes to look at living objects in various water bodies, human gut. He doubled minute living beings as “very little animalcules”, and guessed their sizes.
Leeuwenhoek made his studies on the male gametes, in 1677. He studied specimens of Spermatozoa in insects, humans and dogs.
He then made important findings abot the human eye, striated and non-striated muscle fibers and even studied insects and plant structures and asexual reproduction in aphids